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CHEMICAL SAFETY

WHAT TO DO

Summary Slide
SAFETY FIRST
HANDLING CHEMICALS

SPLASHES INHALATION INGESTION BURNS

SAFETY FIRST
DO NOT SMOKE IN THE LAB

HANDLING CHEMICALS
Hazard Symbols
These substances provide oxygen which allows other materials to burn more fiercely. Oxidising

These substances easily catch fire.


Highly flammable

HANDLING CHEMICALS
These substances attack and destroy living tissues, including the eyes and skin. Corrosive These substances can cause death. They may have their effects when swallowed or breathed in, or when absorbed through the skin.

Toxic

HANDLING CHEMICALS
These substances are not corrosive, but can cause reddening or blistering of the skin. Irritant These substances are similar to toxic substances but are less dangerous. Harmful

HANDLING CHEMICALS
Oxidising Concentrated nitric acid, HNO3 Potassium manganate(VII), KMnO4 Potassium dichromate(VI), K2Cr2O7 Highly flammable
Ethanol, C2H5OH Potassium metal, K Lithium metal, Li Magnesium metal, Mg Methanol, CH3OH Sodium metal, Na Universal indicator

HANDLING CHEMICALS
Corrosive
concentrated acids - Eg:- H2SO4, HCl, HNO3, H3PO4 concentrated alkalis - Eg:- KOH, NaOH, Ca(OH)2 concentrated hydrogen peroxide, H2O2 Potassium metal, K Sodium metal, Na Lithium metal, Li Silver nitrate, AgNO3 Bromine, Br2

HANDLING CHEMICALS
Toxic

Lead(II) chloride, PbCl2 Lead(II) nitrate, PbNO3 Methanol, CH3OH Mercury, Hg Potassium dichromate(VI), K2Cr2O7 Bromine gas, Br2

HANDLING CHEMICALS
Irritant
Calcium chloride, CaCl2 Potassium iodide, KI

Harmful
Copper(I) oxide, Cu2O Iodine, I2 Copper(II) sulphate, CuSO4 Ethanol, C2H5OH Copper(II) oxide, CuO Iron(II) sulphate, FeSO4 Manganese(IV) oxide, MnO2 Potassium manganate(VII), KMnO4

HANDLING CHEMICALS
Always wear goggles when working

with chemicals

HANDLING CHEMICALS
Always handle chemical with

spatulas or forceps.

HANDLING CHEMICALS
Do

Be tidy and organised


Support glass equipment with stands and clamps whenever necessary. - ie to make sure apparatus is stable Keep the apparatus where it belongs after use.

HANDLING CHEMICALS
Do Not

eat or drink in labs


leave paper near a Bunsen flame point a test-tube towards another person over-tighten bungs or corks heat up sealed apparatus

SPLASHES IN ON THE SKIN


Wash for 10 minutes
Under gently running

water Until no chemicals


remain

Seek medical advice

SPLASHES IN ON THE SKIN


IF chemical is insoluble
Use soap Under running water Until the chemical has

been removed Seek medical advice

SPLASHES IN ON THE SKIN


Remove all

contaminated clothing Taking care not to spread the chemical onto anything else Soak the clothes in water

SPLASHES IN ON THE SKIN


Seek medical advice Take the chemical in a

bag Or in a bottle to the medical centre

SPLASHES IN THE EYE


Wash for 15 mins Gently running water

Use saline eye wash


Hold the eye lid open Seek medical advice

INHALATION
Remove person to the fresh air

If unconscious

Place in the recovery position

Seek medical advice

INGESTION
If swallowed Rinse mouth Spit out

Do Not vomit Seek medical advice

BURNS
Wash gently with

water for 10 minutes To cool skin To remove all chemicals Seek medical advice