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LPG has many uses; from heating to vehicles. It is made up of hydrocarbon gases.

When used for vehicles, LPG is a mixture of propane and butane (this is called autogas). When compressed, it turns into liquid form. 1L of LPG liquid is equivalent to 270L of LPG vapour. How it works? Converted vehicles become dual-fuel - they can change between running on petrol or gas at the flick of a switch. As LPG is a much cleaner fuel, there is less wear and tear on the engine and its life will be prolonged. LPG produces fewer emissions and causes less oil-contamination. Combustion is cleaner, your engine will be quieter and smoother and much better for the environment.

Advantages LPG is cheaper than petrol (up to 50%) . It is better for the engine and it can prolong engine life . In some vehicles, it can provide better performance Disadvantages It isn't highly available . The initial cost for converting your vehicle to LPG can cost up to $3000. However the average car can repay the cost of the conversion in about 2 years . The gas tank takes up a considerable amount of space in the car boot. Places where it uses LPG is used as a fuel in vehicles, for cooking and also as coolant of late so that the usage of Chlorofluorocarbons can be avoided which causes Ozone layer depletion.

Biodiesel is made from animal fats or vegetable oils, renewable resources


that come from plants such as, soybean, sunflowers, corn, olive, peanut, palm, coconut. Once these fats or oils are filtered from their hydrocarbons and then combined with alcohol like methanol, biodiesel is brought to life from this chemical reaction. These raw materials can either be mixed with pure diesel to make various proportions.

How it works
Biodiesel can be used in pure form or may be blended with petroleum diesel at any concentration in most injection pump diesel engines.

Advantages Domestically produced from non-petroluem, renewable resources, Biodegradable, Non-toxic, Safer to handle. Disadvantages Use of blends approved by many auto makers, Lower fuel economy and power, Currently more expensive, Slight increase in nitrogen oxide emissions possible in some circumstances Place where it uses Biodiesel uses everywhere in biodiesel station.

Biomass is biological material from living, or recently living organisms, most often referring to plants or plant-derived materials. As a renewable energy source, biomass can either be used directly, or indirectly once or converted into another type of energy product such as biofuel. Biomass can be converted to energy in three ways: thermal conversion, chemical conversion, and biochemical conversion.

How it works? How biomass works is very simple. The waste wood, tree branches and other scraps are gathered together in big trucks. The trucks bring the waste from factories and from farms to a biomass power plant. Here the biomass is dumped into huge hoppers. This is then fed into a furnace where it is burned. The heat is used to boil water in the boiler, and the energy in the steam is used to turn turbines and generators .

Advantages 1) Its a renewable source of energy. 2) Its a comparatively lesser pollution generating energy. 3) Biomass energy helps in cleanliness in villages and cities. 4) It provides manure for the agriculture and gardens. 5) There is tremendous potential to generate biogas energy. 6) Biomass energy is relatively cheaper and reliable. 7) Recycling of waste reduces pollution and spread of diseases. Disadvantages

1) Cost of construction of biogas plant is high, so only rich people can use it. 2) Biogas plant requires space and produces dirty smell. 3) Due to improper construction many biogas plants are working inefficiently. 4) Transportation of biogas through pipe over long distances is difficult.

Place where it uses All biomass energy comes from the sun. Plants receive the suns energy and convert it to chemical energy (glucose or sugar) through photosynthesis. The most common biomass is wood. For thousands of years people have burned wood for heating and cooking. Wood was the main source of energy in the U.S. and the rest of the world until the mid-1800s, and continues to be a major energy source in the developing world.

Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the sun that has been harnessed by humans since ancient times using a range of everevolving technologies. How it works ? The Sun produces radiant energy by consuming hydrogen in nuclear fusion reactions. Solar energy is transmitted to the earth in portions of energy called photons, which interact with the earth's atmosphere and surface. It takes about 8 minutes and 20 seconds for the sun's energy to reach the earth. Advantages Solar cells are long lasting sources of energy which can be used almost anywhere. They are particularly useful where there is no national grid and also where there are no people such as remote site water pumping. Disadvantages The main disadvantage of solar energy is the initial cost. Most types of solar cell require large areas of land to achieve average efficiency. Air pollution and weather can also have a large effect on the efficiency of the cells.

Places where it uses Heat transfer fluid runs through the metal tube (receiver) to absorb the concentrated sunlight, which increases the temperature of the fluid. The heat transfer fluid is then used to heat steam in a standard turbine generator. After passing through the turbine, the fluid flows to the condenser where it is converted back to water to be reused as feed water.

Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into a useful form of energy, such as using wind turbines to make electrical power, windmills for mechanical power. How it works? Wind turbine/ motor with blades are installed on the lengthy tower. When wind passes through these blades it makes blades rotate and produce kinetic energy. Due to movement of blade, turbine is rotated which in result produces electricity. Electricity produced can be directly supplied to consumers or can be stored in batteries for later use. Advantages Less Air and Water Pollution. It does not destroy the environment or release toxic gases. Wind turbines are mostly found in coastal areas. It doesnt need much of the cost too. Disadvantages The winds strength is too low to support a wind turbine or wind farm, and this is where the use of solar power or geothermal power could be great alternatives.

Places where it uses

Wind turbines, like windmills, are mounted on a tower to capture the most energy. At 100 feet (30 meters) or more aboveground, they can take advantage of the faster and less turbulent wind. Turbines catch the wind's energy with their propeller-like blades. Usually, two or three blades are mounted on a shaft to form a rotor.

Hydroelectricity (hydropower) is a renewable resource that provides 96 percent of renewable energy in the U.S. Water, dammed up and/or falling from height, flows through turbines and generators that produce electricity in hydroelectric power plants. How it works Power is generated or "manufactured" in large power generating. These electrical generators are attached to massive turbine devices which spin at great speeds as a result of water rushing through them. Advantages Dams are designed to last many decades and so can contribute to the generation of electricity for many years / decades. The lake that forms behind the dam can be used for water sports and leisure / pleasure activities. Often large dams become tourist attractions in their own right. The lake's water can be used for irrigation purposes.

Disadvantages Dams are extremely expensive to build and must be built to a very high standard. The high cost of dam construction means that they must operate for many decades to become profitable. The flooding of large areas of land means that the natural environment is destroyed. People living in villages and towns that are in the valley to be flooded, must move out. This means that they lose their farms and businesses.

Places where it uses The Pak Mun Dam is a gravity dam located 5.5 km west of the confluence of the Mun and Mekong rivers in Ubon Ratchathani , Thailand.

Alcohol has been used as a fuel. The first four aliphatic alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propanol, and butanol) are of interest as fuels because they can be synthesized chemically or biologically, and they have characteristics which allow them to be used in internal combustion engines. How it works?

Advantages Unlike petroleum, ethanol is a renewable resource. Ethanol burns more cleanly in air than petroleum, producing less carbon and carbon monoxide. Disadvantages Ethanol has a lower heat of combustion. Large amounts of arable land are required to produce the crops required to obtain ethanol. Major environmental problems would arise out of the disposal of waste fermentation liquors. Places where it uses E85 is a fuel that is starting to be sold more and more at stations across the country. While it has been around for quite some time, it is just now starting to take hold in Thailand.