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15 Strategies for effective reading

A GUIDE FOR TEACHERS AND YOUNG LEARNERS

Effective Reading Strategies


Metacognition

THINK about what you re thinking


Monitoring comprehension

BE AWARE of what you do understand IDENTIFY what you do not understand


Use appropriate strategies to resolve problems in comprehension

FIND where the difficulty occurs RESTATE the difficult passage in your own words LOOK BACK through the text LOOK FORWARD through the text

Effective Reading Strategies (c/d)


graphic organisers
Chain of events charts
Venn diagramms Story map Cause/Effect

4 types of questions
About fact right there in the text questions think n search questions About opinion author and I my own thoughts

Strategies for learners I


Identify where the difficulty occurs

e.g. "I don't understand the second paragraph on page 76.


Identify what the difficulty is

e.g."I don't get what the author means when she says, 'Arriving in America was a milestone in my grandmother's life.'
Restate the difficult sentence or passage in their own words

e.g. "Oh, so the author means that coming to America was a very important event in her grandmother's life."
Look back through the text

e.g."The author talked about Mr. McBride in Chapter 2, but I don't remember much about him. Maybe if I reread that chapter, I can figure out why he's acting this way now."
Look forward in the text for information

e.g."The text says, 'The groundwater may form a stream or pond or create a wetland. People can also bring groundwater to the surface.' Hmm, I don't understand how

Strategies for learners II


GENERATE questions
RECOGNIZE story structure SUMMARIZE

Direct explanation Demonstration Guided practice Application

Teaching Vocabulary

Use words to teach words start at the root


work with word blocks
o consider the prefix o consider the suffix o consider the stem

explain multiple meanings

Teaching Active Verbs That Describe Work and Analytical Thinking


yield mean prove postulate estimate compare generalize note delineate acknowledge determine set forth maintain investigate devise assume illustrate suggest insist consider define hypothesize narrate predict depict distinguish detail deduce believe assess construct argue illuminate clarify propose infer classify synthesize evaluate introduce construe inform sum up derive speculate determine evaluate reiterate reveal indicate imply state invoke summarize simplify report interpret specify designate characterize present calculate attribute discover employ represent assert extrapolate analyze disagree measure challenge provide restrict point out guide organize support obtain decide

Verbs used to describe phaenomena


discharge exchange emit exude converge contract continue bond encompass deposit invade reclaim precede orient activate condense link appear superpose disperse accelerate overlie separate transmit interact extend trend mix interlock access underlie permeate restore influence distribute cease enrich superimpose require crystallize disseminate transfer emanate surround carry behave constrain plunge slow fuse traverse overlap evolve abandon saturate allow record invert rotate ascend bisect disintegrate penetrate radiate combine bombard exchange force occur quicken deteriorate join originate divide contain circulate lag form convert rupture descend cede propel halt scatter eliminate exert absorb elongate fracture produce migrate dominate isolate sinter accrue forecast terminate transect alter streamline collapse coalesce repel curb

Coherence and Cohesion