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Credit: CDC Visualization of American Diabetic Population (2005) http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/DDT_STRS2/NationalDiabetesPrevalenceEstimates.

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Credit: International Diabetes Foundation Visualization of Increase of Diabetes in Children http://www.idf.org/diabetesatlas/5e/diabetes-in-the-young

Before

After

Red/Green = T cells Blue = Insulin


Credit: Tisch Lab, UNC

Burhan Riaz Ana Lavalle Lida Phillips

Background
5% to 10% of the Diabetic community suffer from type 1 Diabetes.

26 million Americans with diabetes (8% of the population)


85% of people with Diabetes type 1 are adults. Diabetes type 1 in children is expected to increase by 3% per year worldwide. Diabetes has been known since antiquity but its pathogenesis was discovered in 1921.

Background Continued
Caucasians are statistically more prone to Diabetes than AfricanAmericans and Hispanic-Americans.

Familial history of diabetes increase likelihood of the disease.


First written description of diabetes appears on a 1500 BCE Egyptian manuscript

Symptoms

Diagnostic Procedure

Mechanism

Credit: User Meiquer http://www.idf.org/commons/8/8c/Insulin_glucose_metabolism.jpg

Causes Hyperglycemia

Treatment

Credit:Istockphoto http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20390441_2,00.html

Research
University of North Carolina School of Medicine. Published June 29, 2012. Antibodies specific for CD4/CD8. Blood sugar returns to normal after 48 hours. After 5 days, 80% of mice in remission.. Observed effect: Increase in regulatory T-cells.
https://dokuwiki.noctrl.edu/doku.php?id=bio: 440:antigen_recognition_-_group_2

Citations

Costanzo, Linda S.. Physiology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier, 2010. Print. Miller, Michael . "Increasing Diabetes Rate and Awareness in US | Health Policy and Communications." Health Policy and Communications | Health Policy Consulting and Writing to Improve Quality, Reduce Costs, and Increase Value in US Healthcare. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.healthpolcom.com/blog/2008/06/25/increasing-diabetes-rate-and-awareness-in-us/>. "Diabetes in the young | International Diabetes Federation." International Diabetes Federation. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.idf.org/diabetesatlas/5e/diabetes-in-the-young>. "Diabetes Statistics - American Diabetes Association." American Diabetes Association Home Page American Diabetes Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.diabetes.org/diabetesbasics/diabetes-statistics/>. "What Are The Warning Signs Of Diabetes?." MamasHealth.com: simple, easy to understand information about health. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.mamashealth.com/diabetes/di "National Diabetes Statistics, 2011 - National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse." National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/sta University of North Carolina School of Medicine (2012, July 5). Antibodies reverse type 1 diabetes in new immunotherapy animal study