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CHALLENGING PREJUDICE and Bullying Behavior

Center for Peace Education


MIRIAM COLLEGE

Center for Peace Education Miriam College

What negative messages have you received while you were growing up about certain groups of people?

Babae Lalaki Moros (Muslims) May katabaan Maitim Fair-skinned Amerikano Matanda
Center for Peace Education
MIRIAM COLLEGE

Center for Peace Education, Miriam College

Bata Mayaman Mahirap Di maka-Ingles Matalino Sobrang maganda o guwapo Taga-probinsya Iba ang relihiyon

Definition of Terms

STEREOTYPE

An oversimplified generalization about a particular group based on incomplete knowledge

PREJUDICE

A negative or hostile feeling/attitude toward a person or group without sufficient basis

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DISCRIMINATION

An action based on prejudice which denies individuals or groups of people equality of treatment which they may wish An ongoing system of domination relying on an unequal and dynamic relationship between privileged and non-privileged groups

OPPRESSION

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Center for Peace Education, Miriam College

MIRIAM COLLEGE

Some Types of Prejudice

Racism

The belief that ones own racial heritage is innately superior to that of others, hence, the lack of respect or appreciation for those who belong to a different race
A system of attitudes, actions and institutional structures that subordinates women on the basis of their sex (Mcginnis & Oehlberg, 1991)
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Sexism

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Heterosexism

Negative attitudes toward lesbians and gay men

Classism

Distancing from and perceiving the poor as the other (Lott, 1995) Negative attitudes members of dominant language groups hold against non-dominant language groups (Chen-Hayes, Chen & Athar)
Prejudice against people with disabilities
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Linguicism

Ableism

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Looksism

Prejudice against those who do not measure up to set standards of beauty (Galace, 2003). The usual victims are the overweight, the undersized, and the darkskinned. Prejudice against those who differ in culture, ethnicity or national origin Prejudice against those who have different religious beliefs Prejudice on the basis of age
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Ethnocentrism

Religious intolerance

Ageism

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Lens of Identity

Born into a world with mechanics in place -Streotypes -Prejudices

Socialization on a personal level Lens of Socialization Reinforcement - Schools -Media -Church -Other institutions

Do nothing Promote status quo

Cycle of Socialization Diagram


Harro, 1982

Reward or Interrupt Punishment Results: guilt, Question anger, silence, Change violence, Reframe internalization of Raise patterns of Consciousness Center for Peace Education power Center for Peace Education, Miriam College Lens of Experience MIRIAM COLLEGE

Victims of Prejudice in Schools

Not smart Too smart Nerds/geeks Those who wear glasses Those on the heavy side Those who have a different religion Dark-skinned Economically poor Those who dont meet standards of beauty Disabled Jologs
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Center for Peace Education, Miriam College

MIRIAM COLLEGE

Prejudice takes the form of BULLYING What forms does bullying take? PHYSICAL Hitting Biting Locking in a room Kicking Spitting Pinching Punching\pushing Scratching Hair-pulling Center for Peace Education Damaging victims property Center for Peace Education, Miriam College
MIRIAM COLLEGE

NON-PHYSICAL MANIFESTATIONS
Verbal abusive language extorting money Intimidation/threats name-calling making cruel remarks Spreading false/malicious rumors Non-verbal mean faces rude gestures Excluding, ignoring, isolating Sending poisonous letters
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Center for Peace Education, Miriam College

MIRIAM COLLEGE

Effects of Prejudice on Victims

Poorer self-esteem and self-confidence Poorer academic performance Higher drop out rate Can be self-fulfilling Stress-related symptoms (hypertension, stroke, cardiovascular disease) Substance abuse and chronic depression as a result of societal stigmatization Emotional pain that may result in fear, inferiority complex, anger or violence
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Center for Peace Education, Miriam College

MIRIAM COLLEGE

Core Values Threatened by Prejudice and Discrimination

Human Rights Respect for others/Respect for life Equality Human Solidarity and Cooperation Justice Pluralism

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MIRIAM COLLEGE

Workshop

Who are the usual victims of prejudice in my school? What do they go through? How can we challenge prejudice in the clasroom/school?

Center for Peace Education


Center for Peace Education, Miriam College

MIRIAM COLLEGE

Some Assertive Skills


For Victims
1.

2.

3.

State the situation, how you feel and what you want. Stand erect, keep your voice and body relaxed. Look at the persons nose if you are feeling scared, otherwise look her straight in the eye. Move away with confidence.
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MIRIAM COLLEGE

4. Ask questions to clarify a possible put down What do you mean by that? Does it make you feel good when you say something like that? Is that intended to put me down? 5. Use the I-message 6. Appreciate yourself.

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Center for Peace Education, Miriam College

MIRIAM COLLEGE

For the Concerned Onlooker

1. Point out the bullying behavior.


2. Criticize the action, not the person. That is not a cool thing to do.

3.Employ a shared concern approach. How would you feel if you were in her shoes?
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Center for Peace Education, Miriam College

MIRIAM COLLEGE

Problem-solving exercise (Buzz Session) (e.g. Mark Clearys On the Bus Program)
Kristy is called names every time she gets on the school bus but she does not tell anyone because she is afraid of retaliation. She cannot see any way out.
What should Kristy do? If you were the onlooker, what should you do?

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MIRIAM COLLEGE

TOLERANCE
Respect, acceptance and appreciation of the rich diversity of our worlds cultures, our forms of expression and ways of being human Practice of tolerance means accepting the fact that human beings, naturally diverse in their appearance, situation, speech, behavior and values have the right to live in peace and to be as they are

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MIRIAM COLLEGE

Why practice TOLERANCE?

Ethical imperative major religious traditions call on their flock to treat others with the same respect and dignity they give themselves Political and legal requirement- nations, through various HR instruments, have affirmed their commitment to the protection and promotion of human rights such as the right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion, opinion, and expression. All indiviuals and groups have the right to be different (Art 1.2, DRRP) Practical alternative intolerance has given rise to violence, terrorism and discrimination within societies (ex. 1 person dies in armed conflict every 100 seconds, WHO 2002)
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He prayed, it wasnt my religion. He ate, it wasnt what I ate. He spoke, it wasnt my language

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He dressed it wasnt what I wore

He took my hand, it wasnt the color of mine


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But when he laughed, it was how I laughed.


And when he cried, it was how I cried

-AmyCenter Maddox for Peace Education


Center for Peace Education, Miriam College

MIRIAM COLLEGE