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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS :A CASE STUDY OF TOYOTA MOTORS

Presented by:
PRAJAKTA GHARALE ANKUR YADAV SAURABH AKARE KUMAR SANTOSH CHINMAY SHANKAR ANKITA GAGWANI 13 59 02 44 47 73

Environmental Management
It is an attempt to control human impact on and interaction

with the environment in order to preserve natural resources An Environmental Management System (EMS) is a set of processes and practices that enables an organization to reduce its environmental impacts and increase its operating efficiency. Extend the concept of time to include sustainable long term feasibility Assesses the costs to the society and the environment in achieving the desired balance between both. Comprehensive planning that takes into account the side effects of man's activities and thereby protects and improves the human environment for present and future generations.

BRIEF INTRODUCTION
The Indian Automobile industry includes two-

wheelers, trucks, cars, buses and three-wheelers which play a crucial role in growth of the Indian economy.
India has emerged as Asia's fourth largest

exporter of automobiles.
The country is expected to top the world in car

volumes with approximately 611 million vehicles on the nation's roads by 2050

Hydrocarbons - are emissions caused by partially

burnt fuel molecules and they react in the presence of nitrogen oxides and sunlight to form ground level ozone. Nitrogen Oxides are the gases of precursors to the formation of ozone and also contribute in the formation of acid rain. Ironically the catalytic converters are designed to break down nitrogen gases are generally forming nitrous oxide which is more potent as pollutant than carbon dioxide as greenhouse gas. Carbon monoxide emissions great share comes from the commercial vehicles especially the heavier ones.

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES FACED BY THE INDUSTRY


Cars use Petrol and Diesel which are a mixture of

Hydrocarbons and compounds usually contain Hydrogen and carbon items. The government is taking and has taken steps to introduce catalytic converters in the country a few years back to reduce air pollution. Companies like Tata Motors and Mahindra are fine tuning their Diesel engines for optimum performance and reduced emission. In the twowheelers category the companies like Hero Motor Corp is providing pollution free vehicles.

What government can do?


Phase out old vehicles and impose heavy fines

on heavy vehicles Provide tax benefits to electric cars. Provide a conducive environment for Innovation and standards Discourage trade practices which are harmful for the environment . e.g. banning of paints which contains heavy metals. More focus on the green rating programme

GREEN RATING PROGRAM


The Green Rating of Indian Industry project was

started by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) in 1996 to address an array of environmental issues facing all segments of Indian industries. Green Rating of automobile sector was a great challenge owing to diversity between companies in their production processes as well as the products manufactured.

What companies can do?


Extensive research and

development More focus on the usage of alternate fuels Adherence to clean technology and quality control Consumer awareness

TOYOTA INTRODUCTION
Toyota was founded by KiichiroToyoda. It traces the company's development through

1937 from when Toyota Motor Corporation was established to when the 2 millionth model was sold. Toyota is the eleventh largest company in the world and the third largest manufacturer of automobiles, with production facilities in 28 nations around the world.

TOYOTA HISTORY
As it looks ahead to 2020, Toyota believes

that re-examining the relationship between nature and industry and pursuing harmony between manufacturing, people, society in general, and nature is extremely important. Toyota has worked continuosly to the contribution to the sustainable development of society through manufacturing & provision of innovative & quality products & service that lead times

VISION & MISSION


VISION Delight the customers through innovative

products,by utilizing advanced technologies & services. MISSION Touch the heart of the customers by providing products & services of superior quality at competitive prices.

ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE
Reduction in power usage

reduction in water consumption


Coverage of dealership complaint with ISO 14001 Coverage of suppliers complaint with ISO 14001

ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY
Alternative fuels, advancing battery power and lowering

emissions ? discover Toyota's plans for tomorrow's eco friendly vehicles. First to market and most driven in the world, Toyota Hybrids are already synonymous with fun and fuelefficiency

CONTINUE.
Compact and spacious, Toyota's electric cars are a

great eco-conscious vehicle for day-to-day driving around town. Mixing the proven engineering of current Hybrids with home recharging, the next step for eco-cars is the Plug-in Hybrid.

CONTINUE..
Using hydrogen for energy, Toyota's original fuel cell

hybrid is better for the Earth and the next stage in vehicle evolution. From specifications to in-depth technical descriptions, gain insight into the past, present and future of Toyota's eco-technology.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
In 1992 Toyota established its Guiding Principles in

direct response to the international initiatives agreed to at the Earth Summit in Rio. Toyota is at the forefront of environmental developments in business There plants are ISO 14001 certified, but also request the same environmental awareness and certification from our suppliers.

GREEN ADVANTAGE (ZERO EMISSIONS)


Developed advanced environmental technology &

save costs through lower fuel consumption and make a clear statement towards environmental protection. Our aim is not only to reduce emissions from our vehicles, but we want to make the entire life-cycle of a car more environmentally friendly.

GREEN TECHNOLOGIES
Toyota is investing heavily in green technologies

such as cleaner diesel engines, hybrid powertrains and alternative fuels. Clean Diesel Engines. Common rail diesel technology. ISO14001 - environment, OHSAS18001- health & safety, ISO9001 quality.

ALTERNATIVE FUELS
In 2002, Toyota was the worlds first automobile

manufacturer to commercialise Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicles (FCHVs) in Japan and the U.S. Launch of the Toyota Eco-Project in 1997

BASIC STANCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT


Toyota Environment Committee was established for

the purpose of examining and crafting responses to the issues facing product development and design, production , logistics & environment management.

GLOBAL WARMING PREVENTION INITIATIVES


Consolidated environment management Expansion to automotive related companies Classification and calculation of environmental cost Environmental management system audit LCA(life cycle assessment) Listing environmental data for individual model on

website Awareness and promotion

Fuel efficiency Product design assessment committee

Ozone layer protection


ISO 14001 promotion

Toyota environmental committee

Production environment committee


Recycling committee

Production environment technology Overseas and logistics

Material manufacturing

Vehicle manufacturing

Driving

Maintenance

Disposal

REDUCE REUSE RECYCLE


Toyota designs and manufactures cars with reduced

waste and easier material recovery. Reducing waste is central to any environmental concept. For Toyota that means manufacturing vehicles in ways that ensure maximum energy efficiency and minimum waste. Reusing materials starts with a simple dismantling process. Recycling batteries, tyres, and oil filters requires an efficient collection system.

MEASURES ADOPTED
own system of assessment that it calls Eco-VAS

(Eco- Vehicle Assessment System) Better employee training programmes to sensitise them about the environment. Strictly adhering to supplier environmental management policy Recycling of waste material

TOYOTA BIODIVERSITY MEASURES

Main Examples of Toyota's Biodiversity Conservation Activities

ENVIRONMENT AWARDS
2001: Automotive Engineering International "Best

Engineered Car of 2001 Award 2000: International Engine of the Year Award "Best Eco-Friendly Engine 1999: International Engine of the Year Award "Best Eco-Friendly Engine

Conclusion
Define environment policy and ensure

commitment to its EMS. Formulate a plan to fulfill its environment policy. Develop the capabilities and support mechanism. Measure ,monitor and evaluate. Review and continuously improve for better results.

Bibliography
Environmental report-2012 edition-Toyota motors Environmental initiatives-2011-12 Sustainability report(Toyota motors) Indian automobile industry report FY2011-12