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Honors World History:

Midterm Review

The Renaissance

What does the word Renaissance mean?


-Rebirth

Where did the Renaissance begin?


-Italy

What kinds of improvements were made during the Renaissance? -Art, literature, and technology
How did the printing press affect Europe ? -More people learned to read and write.

Who were considered the Renaissance greats?


-Leonardo, Michelangelo, Donatello, and Raphael

Define the following words.


Recant: Pope: To give up ones views The head of the Catholic Church Member of the Society of Jesusa Catholic missionary

Jesuit:

Theocracy: A government based on religion (religious law)

Compare Catholic to Protestant in a T-Chart.


Catholic -Pope -Purgatory -Jesuits -Priests do not marry Protestant -Martin Luther -Baptist -Methodist -Presbyterians -Lutherans

List the European powers with absolute monarchs by 1755. -Austria -Prussia -France -Russia Who ruled as an absolute monarch(s) for over 70 years?

-King Louis XIV

List the country each of the absolute monarchs ruled over.


King Philip II -Spain Louis XIV -France

Catherine the Great -Russia Peter the Great -Russia

Age of Revolutions

Identify the following areas on the map below.


Brazil
13 Colonies

Spain
France

Great Britain

Place the following time periods in history in the correct order of occurrence in history. What idea of Montesquieu influenced the United States Constitutuion? -the Seperation of Powers (3 branches of Bach, Handel, Mozart, and Hayden were government) all known as: -Enlightenment Composers -Christianity -Renaissance -Age of Absolutism -American Revolution -French Revolution

What does the word Revolution mean?


- radical change

What did the third estate storm in Paris to begin the French Revolution?
-the Bastille

What was the slogan of the French Revolution?


- liberty, equality, fraternity

Identify the following people.


Louis XVI: -beheaded on the guillotine and was the king of France during the French Revolution Robespierre: -known for the Reign of Terror

The First Global Age

List the ruling empire or dynasty for each location during 1400-1750.

Middle East:
India: Africa: China:

-Ottoman Empire
-Mughal Empire -Kingdom of Mali -Ming

Define the following terms.


Sultan: -Muslim ruler

Conquistador:
Diffusion:

-Spanish word for conqueror


-the movement of goods, ideas, and people -prompts cultural change

What kingdom emerged by 1250 and controlled the goldmining regions to the south and the salt supplies of the Sahara? -Mali Which two countries dominated settlement in South America? -Spain and Portugal

By 1638, what empire had barred all western merchants and forbidden their people to travel abroad?
-Tokugawa (Japan)

Define the following groups of people in the graphic summary of the social structure of the people in Latin American ruled by Spain.
a. peninsulares

Peninsulares: members of the highest social class in Spains colonies in the Americas. Creoles: people in Spains American colonies who were American-born descendants of Spanish settlers.

b. Creoles

c. Mulattoes

d. Mestizos

Native Americans and people of African descent

Age of Absolutism

What is a ruler with complete authority over the government and the lives of the people? -an Absolute Monarch Define the Divine Right of Kings.

-the belief that the absolute monarchs were given complete authority by God.
What did King Louis XIV build outside of Paris? -Versailles Who was Napoleon? -The famous army officer who became the Emperor of France.

The Industrial Revolution

Define the following terms.


Factory: -a place where workers and machines are brought together to produce goods.

Communism:

-form of socialism advocated by Karl Marx. According to Marx, class struggle was inevitable and would lead to the creation of a classless society in which all wealth and property would be owned by the community as a whole.

Socialism:

-System in which the people as a whole rather than private individuals own all property and operate all businesses.

Laissez-Faire:

-(Hands-off) The belief that government should not interfere with business/private enterprise.
-The idea that the goal of society should be to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.

Utilitarianism:

Assembly Line:

-The production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks.

Corporation:

-A business owned by many investors who buy shares of stock and risk only the amount of their investment.

By 1900, what countries were the worlds leading industrial nations? -Germany and the United States

The Big Ideas: Short Answer Responses


Directions: Choose three of the following options to reflect on your study and understanding of World History, from the Renaissance through the Industrial Revolution. Explain what the big idea means and how it applies to a historical event/era that weve studied this semester.

What do you think? Apply it!


Big Idea 1: Conflict is inherent in the nature of human beings Big Idea Option 2: The earth is a global community where the actions of one country can affect lives in other countries. Big Idea Option 3: Perspective is Everything: whose history is it? Big Idea Option 4: The past drives the present and the future Big Idea Option 5: Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. Big Idea Option 6: There are credible and questionable sources of information about history and contemporary events.