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Cooperative Biography

Rosa Parks

Birth/Death
February 4, 1913 - October 24th, 2005

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Early Influences
Rose and Sylvester Edwards, Rosas grandparentsboth former slaves and strong advocates for racial equality.
Rosa's grandfather stood in front of their house with a shotgun while Ku Klux Klan members marched down the street.

Raymond Parks, Rosas husband, a barber and an active member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Exposure to segregation Rosas childhood was influenced by the Jim Crows laws of the South, which segregated white people from black people from public restrooms, drinking fountains, education, and transportation.

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Rosa Parks Early Life

Education
Rosa was homeschooled up to age 11 and her mother, a teacher, was the first to teach her how to read Rosa Parks went to rural school in Pine Level, Alabama. At the beginning of the age of 11, Rosa attended Industrial School for Girls. In 11th grade, Rosa attended Alabama State Teachers College for Negroes.(www.biography.com)

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Growing Up in the Segregated South

Major Accomplishments
1943- Rosa joins NAACP 1955- Ordered to the back of the bus, but refused 1979- NAACP awarded Rosa Parks the Spingarn Medal, their highest honor. 1980- NAACP awarded Rosa Parks the Martin Luther King Jr. Award. 1992- Rosa Parks was awarded the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience award for her years of community service and lifelong commitment to social change through non-violent means and civil rights. 1996- Rosa Parks was presented, by President Bill Clinton, with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. This is the highest honor that can be bestowed upon a civilian by the United States Government.

Significance
1956 Montgomery Bus Riots

Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908-1973) signing the Civil Rights Act, July 1964.

Civil Rights Act 1964, Rosas main cause of working so hard, granted equal rights to minorities. U.S Supreme Court rules segregation in Montgomery Busing System Unconstitutional

Quotes
"I have learned over the years that when one's mind is made up, this diminishes fear; knowing what must be done does away with fear. Rosa Parks "Each person must live their life as a model for others. Rosa Parks
"People always say that I didn't give up my seat because I was tired ... the only tired I was was tired of giving in. Rosa Parks "At the time I was arrested, I had no idea it would turn into this. It was just a day like any other day. The only thing that made it significant was that the masses of the people joined in. Rosa Parks

The Rebellious Rosa Parks