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By Dale A Gulden, Solar Direct CEO

Solar Electric Basic Components

1. Modules solar electric collectors. 3 basic types in the marketplace:

Mono crystalline, poly crystalline, thin film

2. Array modules connected together into a system 3. Inverter converts the DC power produced by the modules to A/C

4. Grid Tie Inverter converts DC to AC and feeds the utility grid

with the A/C power

5. Charge Controller regulates the power going to the batteries 6. Batteries stores DC power

Solar Electric Types of Systems

Each type has very specific capabilities and limitations All PV systems consist of one or more modules which produce DC power. It is what is done with this power after it is produced that determines the type of system.

Stand Alone Off grid

Modules, charge controller, batteries, and may or may not have an inverter which converts DC power to A/c power

Grid Tie Grid connected

Modules, and inverter connected to the power grid

Hybrid Grid connected with batteries

Modules, grid-tie inverter, and batteries for storage when the grid is unavailable
Systems can be installed on roofs, ground racks, pole mounts, or on racks which track the sun.

Stand Alone Off Grid Systems

Stand-alone PV systems are designed to operate independent of the electric utility grid, and are generally designed and sized to supply certain DC and/or AC electrical loads. Common applications are direct power to DC loads, water pumping and telecommunications. With an inverter it can also power AC loads For systems with no battery the energy is used immediately; only works when it's sunny Systems with Battery Backup can supply power 100% of the time: At night, on cloudy days and when the utility power is down

Stand Alone Off Grid Installation

Stand Alone Off Grid System Components

Grid Tie Grid Connected Systems

Grid Tie System is the simplest and most cost effective way to connect PV modules to regular utility power. Grid-Connected systems can supply solar power to your home and use utility power as a backup.

As long as there is enough electricity flowing in from your PV system, no electricity will flow in from the utility company.
If your system is generating more power than you are using, the excess will flow back into the grid, turning your meter backwards.

Grid Tie Grid Connected - Rack Installations

Grid Tie Grid Connected - Roof Installations

Grid Tie Grid Connected System Components

Hybrid Grid Connected with Batteries

If utility power is reliable and well maintained in your area, and energy storage is not a priority, you don't necessarily need a battery. But if the utility power goes down, even if there is solar, the PV system will be off for the safety of the utility workers.

Systems with Battery can supply power 100% of the time.

Hybrid Grid Connected with Batteries - Roof Installation

Hybrid Grid Connected with Batteries - Rack Installation

Hybrid Grid Connected with Batteries - Components

Consulting, Design and Installation

Solar Electric System 11.5 kW grid-connected

Solar Water Heater PT50 connected to 2 Tank-less natural gas heaters

Solar Direct provided Consulting, Design & Installation of Solar Systems for new home construction.

Solar Pool Heater 13 Vortex panel solar automated pool system

Solar Energy Financial Incentives for Floridians

Photovoltaics - Residential

Federal Tax Credit of 30% of installed system cost through 2016 Florida Solar Rebate Program ($4/Watt up to $20,000) Florida Sales and Property Tax Exemption Utility Company Rebates Net Metering

Photovoltaics - Business

Federal Investment Tax Credit of 30% of installed system cost (available as a grant for tax years 2009 and 2010) through 2016 Florida Solar Rebate Program ($4/Watt, up to $100,000) Florida Sales Tax Exemption Utility Company Rebates Net-Metering (up to 2 MW)

Net Metering

With Net Metering you can benefit from laws and regulations that require "net" electric meter reading.

How it Works:
The customer is billed for the net electricity purchased from the utility over the entire billing periodthat is, the difference between the electricity coming from the power grid and the electricity generated by the PV system. Through net metering, the customer obtains the full retail electricity raterather than the much lower wholesale rate for kilowatt-hours of PV- produced electricity sent to the utility power grid.

Utility Incentives

City of Tallahassee: $450 SWH Rebate (residential) GRU

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Residential: $500 SWH Rebate; $1.50/Watt PV Rebate ($7,500 cap) Business: $500 SWH Rebate; Feed in Tariff for PV

Gulf Power: $1,000 SWH Rebate (residential, one year pilot) JEA
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Residential: $400-$800 SWH Rebate Business: 15% ($2,500 cap) or 30% ($5,000 cap) SWH Rebate Local vendor garners larger rebate

Utility Incentives

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Production credit: $.03/kWh equivalent for SWH Production credit: $.05/kWh for PV Available for residential and business customers Low interest loans available for residential customers

Progress Energy: $450 SWH Rebate (residential, with load management control and load management credit) Clay Electric: $.01/Btu SWH Rebate (residential) Orange County: Residents who receive power from OUC and Progress Energy can receive a $200 incentive for the installation of a solar water heater

Do You Have Any Questions?