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Poverty in the world

De Montfort University ( Niels Brock) Contemproary business issues Tutor: Ian Choo

Prepared by: Yogendra Mani Kharal and Prakash Shrestha

What is poverty
Lack of basic needs they are: Food Water Shelter Education Medical care Security

Some facts to know

-The amount of money UK spent on chocolate each year could eradicate poverty out of Africa -Nearly a billion people in the world are unable to read, write and sign their name

-military budgets of the whole world stands at $78 billion per year
Why do not people think of the poor? -About 25000 children dies everyday because of poverty
Source: unicef

Poor living
About 3 billion people live less than $2 a day 1.8 million die of diarrhea each year 1 billion children live in poverty 640 million has not enough shelter 400 million has no access to safe water 270 million has no access to health care every day Extreme poverty-less than $1 a day Moderate poverty- $ 1 to 2 a day

Shah, A.(2008). Poverty facts and status.

What is said?
It is our moral duty to help those who need help. We are on global society therefore should care for all. Only by fulfilling our responsibility to others can we claim to have right for ourselves- Barak Obama

Poverty is man made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beingsNelson Mandela
Poverty is the worst form of violence- Mahatma Gandhi
Source: http://quotationsbook.com/quote/31500/

People below poverty line

EU and central Asia-3.5% Latin America and caribbean-23.5% Sub-Sahara Africa- 38.5% Middle east and north america-4.1% South Asia- 43.1%

Reason of poverty
Natural disasters War or conflict Huge national Debt Unfair trade and cash crops Disease, malnutrition Illiteracy Corruption Hyper-inflation

http://www.google.dk/search?tbm=isch&hl=da&source=hp&biw=1066&bih=529&q=war&gbv=2&oq=war&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=&gs_sm=3&gs_upl=3015l3383l0l6269l3l3l0l0l0l0l91l 230l3l3l0#hl=da&gbv=2&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=war&pbx=1&oq=war&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=&gs_sm=12&gs_upl=43132l44682l2l46578l12l12l12l0l5l0l0l0ll0l0&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.,

Who benefits?
Global and local companies Local and international terrorist, mafia Political leaders misusing them Human trafficking Banking institution and rich persons taking huge interest

What is being done

Many organizations are helping in different ways
UNICEF World food program Refugees International And other local NGOs

Rich people donate or support Many ordinary people helping

what government is doing?

Poverty Reduction
UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Halving poverty by 2015 (8 goals) Make poverty history campaign

Trade Justice Drop the debt More and "better" aid

http://www.beta.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/mdgoverview.html http://www.makepovertyhistory.org/takeaction/

Poverty reduction
Equal land distribution Progressive tax system Affordable Health service, food and education Technology Aid Fair trade Micro-credit program for poor Refugee management

Why is poverty a social issue?

Extreme Poverty

Provokes criminal activities Stealing Drugs Transfer disease

If poverty is not solved one day it becomes a serious problem to us!

Time to think of our next generation?

Outsourcing can be made once peoples are educated Develop human awareness and responsibility Microcredit concept is very effective Everyone helping one willingly, fund raising Job, education priority to poor Environment protection Massive food storage Recycling plants

Thank you for your attention!

Any question?