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HUMID TROPICS CENTRE KUALA LUMPUR

The Regional Humid Tropics Hydrology and Water Resources Centre for Southeast Asia and The Pacific

Dr. SM Shirazi, Senior Lecturer, Water and Hydraulic Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Lecturers and Second Year Civil Engineering Students, University of Malaya 2nd April 2013

AGENDA
Briefing on the Functions of HTC under UNESCO, JPS and NRE by Director of HTC (Dr. Hj. Mohamed Roseli) MSMA Stormwater Management Ecohydrology Project at HTC by Head Assistant Director (Ms Vasukey) Site Visit MSMA SME at HTC (Ms Vasukey) Refreshment

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UNESCO-HUMID TROPICS CENTRE KUALA LUMPUR


The Regional Humid Tropics Hydrology and Water Resources Centre for SouthEast Asia and the Pacific Under the auspices of the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization-International Hydrological Programme (UNESCO-IHP) since 28 October 1999
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Policy & Reference Guideline: Article I Agreement with UNESCO Article I: Participation
the Centre shall be operated by the Government through Department of Irrigation and Drainage, to serve UNESCO Member States of South-East Asia and the Pacific region, via their National Committees for the International Hydrological Programme (IHP).
Australia, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. Page 4

ORGANIZATION ORGANIZATIONCHART CHART


Professional: 5 no. Supporting (Technical) : 4 no. Supporting (Administrative) : 4 no. Total: 13 no.
DEPUTY DIRECTOR ROHANI BINTI AHMAD DIRECTOR Dr. MOHAMED ROSELI BIN ZAINAL ABIDIN PERSONAL ASSIST. TAHARAH BT MOHAMED

HEAD ASSISTANT DIRECTOR Ir. VASUKEY PALANY

ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCE UNIT

IMPLEMENTATION AND COORDINATION UNIT

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION UNIT

COORDINATION

R & DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANT DIRECTOR DEVI PEECHMANI ASSISTANT DIRECTOR SANDRA LIGONG

ASSISTANT ENGINEER FARAH HAFIZA

CHIEF ADMIN. HAMIDAH BINTI HASHIM

SENIOR TECHNICIAN KHAIRUDDIN BIN MOHAMED

SENIOR TECHNICIAN SARVAMUDTHY SINNASAMY

ASSIST. ADMIN. MOHD. HISHAM BIN HAMZAH

TECHNICIAN SHAH RAZIF BIN RAZALI

DRIVER JOHAN BIN OTHMAN

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THE THE RELATIONSHIP RELATIONSHIP OF OF HTC HTC WITHIN WITHIN UNESCO, UNESCO, UNDER UNDER DID, DID, NRE NRE AND AND IHP IHP NATIONAL NATIONAL COMMITTEE COMMITTEE OF OF MEMBER MEMBER COUNTRIES COUNTRIES
GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT UNESCO JAKARTA UNESCO PARIS

DEPARTMENT OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE MALAYSIA The Regional Humid Tropics Hydrology and Water Resources Centre for Southeast Asia and the Pacific (HTC Kuala Lumpur) Co-organisation Committee Comprising Representative of Malaysian Government (Chairman) UNESCO IHP National Committee of Member Countries Inter Governmental Organisation and Observer (funding and Non Governmental Organisation)

RSC OF THE IHP SOUTHEAST ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

PACIFIC REGION

AUSTRALIA

DPR KOREA

JAPAN

NEW ZEALAND

CHINA

PN GUINEA

MONGGOLIA

SOUTHEAST ASIA REGION

CAMBODIA

THAILAND

INDONESIA

MALAYSIA

LAOS

PHILIPPINES

VIETNAM

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Transformation in HTC: Under UNESCO (Since June 2009)

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HTC Under UNESCO

Main Focuses: Collaboration & Networking in Stormwater Management, River Management and Waste Water Management.

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Policy & Reference Guideline: IHP-VII, Six-Year Phase [2008-2013], WATER DEPENDENCIES, Systems under Stress and Societal Responses
Continue to promote and lead international hydrological research, facilitate education and capacity development, and enhance governance in water resources management Themes and Focal Areas:
Theme 1: Adapting to the impacts of global changes on river basins and aquifer systems Theme 2: Strengthening water governance for sustainability Theme 3: Ecohydrology for sustainability Theme 4: Water and life support systems Theme 5: Water Education for sustainable development

(education, training and capacity building activities are developed across all the themes) Page 9

UNESCO SWITCH-in-Asia: Integrated Stormwater Management (SWM) in HTC

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Colaboration and Networking: MoU signed between HTCs and Partners (from Mid 2011 to 2012)
No.
1.

Partners
Muslim Water Researchers Cooperation (MUAREC), Muslim Water Researchers Cooperation (MUAREC), Fakulti Kejuruteraan dan Alam Bina (FKAB), serta Institut Kajian Perubahan Iklim (IKP), National University of Malaysia (UKM)

2. 3. 4. 5.

Institut Pengurusan Alam Sekitar dan Sumber Air (IPASA), University Technology Malaysia (UTM) Engineering Faculty, Infrastructure University Kuala Lumpur (IUKL) LESTARI, National University of Malaysia (UKM) (informal collaboration and networking with Prof. Simon Beechum, University of South Australia, Adelaide)
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Notes: The MoU signed are for 5 years

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES
According to its first two functions under Article II (coordinate and networking) with local universities and under the R&D committee of Malaysian National IHP programmes. UNESCO-IHP cross-cutting programmes of SWITCHin-Asia: Urban Water Management; as well as UNESCO-HELP River Basin (Langat River). In conjunction with Phase IHP-VII for the themes and focal areas of Theme 1: Adapting to the impacts of global changes on river basins , Theme 3: Ecohydrology for sustainability and Theme 4: Water and life support systems. The main focuses are in stormwater management, river management and waste water management.
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RESEARCH ACTIVITIES (Benefits to UNESCO-IHP Programme, Regionally and Internationally


No.
1.

Title
Monitoring Hydraulic Performance of MSMA Stormwater Management Ecohydrology at HTCKL Upscaling Of MSMA Eco-Hydrology At Catchment Level (Langat River) (under UNESCO-SWITCH-in-Asia: UWM and UNESCOHELP Basin

Remarks
SWITCH

2.

SWITCH & HELP

3. 4. 5.

Erosion Risk Categorization Potential at Langat HELP River Remediation of Pollution from Large Point Sources for Hiliran River Agricultural Non-Point Source Pollution and Impact on Reservoir (Sembrong Dam) Sedimentation and Water Quality Phase IHP-VII : Theme 3 & 4 Phase IHP-VII : Theme 1
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RESEARCH ACTIVITIES (Benefits to UNESCO-IHP Programme, Regionally and Internationally


No.
6.

Title
Monitoring Rainwater Harvesting System (RWHS) Effectiveness in Perhentian Island Construction of a Large Scale Solar Still System for Treatment of Sanitary Wastewater at Perhentian Island

Remarks
Phase IHP-VII : Theme 1 Phase IHP-VII : Theme 3 & 4

7.

8.

Urban Eco-Hydrology for Resilient Phase IHP-VII : Environment (UCOREN) Penchala River Theme 3 Working Group 2: Component Ecohydrology

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INTEGRATED INTEGRATEDSTORMWATER STORMWATERMANAGEMENT MANAGEMENTECOHYDROLOGY ECOHYDROLOGY(SME) (SME)COMPONENTS COMPONENTSIN IN HTC HTCCOMPOUND: COMPOUND:Construction Constructioncompleted completedin inOctober October2010 2010

Porous Pavement Green Roof

Rainwater Harvesting

Greywater Reuse System

Bioretention System Constructed Wetland

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NRE GOES GREEN AT HTCS COMPOUND: in 2011


In support of Malaysian Government Goes Green programme
Rainwater harvesting with solar panel and metering system Solar powered light Led light

Gazebo & landscaping Save energy campaign No smoking sign

Light sensor

Mini capacitor

reflecsology area

Shared printer

Aircon with control timer

Grass pavement

Recycle waste bin

Mini fish pond

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Using sunlight to light up office space

SME AT HTCS COMPOUND


Installation of equipment and instrumentation for monitoring water quantity and water quality. Completed in Oct 2011. Monitoring Performance: Measurement of water quantity, water quality, hydrology performance analysis for all the MSMA-SME components, modelling runoff and pollutants loads, etc start in April 2012 and completed in December 2012

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POROUS PAVEMENT AT HTCKL


1 2

Monitoring MonitoringVault Vault (MV) (MV)

Asphalt Pavement Interlocking Pavement Grass Pavement

1 2 3 Page 19

POROUS PAVEMENT AT HTCKL

Comparison of AN concentration of samples with WQI

Comparison of TSS concentration of samples with WQI

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Summation of total flow for different types of pavement The study has shown that Turf pavement has the highest percentage of peak runoff reduction (relative to asphalt) ranges between 70 to 90 percent with 15 30 minutes lag time. The Interlocking pavement gives percentage of peak discharge reduction which ranges between 50 to 80 percent with 15 minutes lag time.

Comparison of flow rate for different types of pavement

It shows the important of adopting Stormwater Management Control at Source in reducing peak runoff during storm events. Page 21

QUANTITY

QUALITY Physical: pH Temperature Total Suspended Solid (TSS) Conductivity Oil and Grease Conductivity Chemical: Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Phosphate Ammoniacal Nitrogen or Total Nitrogen Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) Heavy Metals: Lead (Pb) Zinc (Zn) Copper (Cu) Iron (Fe)

Runoff Volume Reduction

Peak Flow Reduction

Runoff frequency reduction

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Hydrological performance of green roof The study on the hydrological performance of green roof for a storm event shows that the peak discharge produced from green roof is 0.0024 m3/s while peak discharge estimated (rational method) for impervious roof is 0.0034 m3/s. There is 30% of reduction.

Hydrological performance of green roof for comparison of hydrograph The Figure shows a peak runoff reduction of 64% for comparison of green roof hydrograph with simulated hydrograph for a storm event. Page 23

Comparison of maximum temperature recorded in January and February

The study also shows that there is a reduction in temperature inside the building (surau) by 1.5C

This is another evident of the important of adopting Stormwater Management Control at Source and the important of green technology in the enhancement of the environment. Page 24

Whats Next: Upscaling SME at Catchment Level and UNESCO-HELP Langat River Basin
Langat River Basin is recognized as one of the HELP Basins since 2004, classified as Evolving HELP Basin, out of 91 catchments from 67 countries in the world. To boost Langat River from Evolving to the next level in the UNESCO-HELP that is to become and recognize as an Operational HELP Basin
To analyse the Watershed Sustainability Index (WSI) which include gathering, describing and assessing relevant socio-economic data, and with objective to conduct detail public participatory and urban social learning activities for WSI (on-going). Detailed design of the proposed rehabilitation works to improve the water quality, quantity and riverbank rehabilitation in developed areas (on-going).
The main components of the work identified are: rehabilitation plan, wetlands, bioretention system, porous pavement, vegetated swale and river corridor plan encompassing beautification of the riparian with landscape, public facilities (including community centre), river restoration, and the provision of sediment basins/traps retention ponds. Page 25

Whats Next: Upscaling SME at Catchment Level and UNESCO-HELP Langat River Basin
The proposed project area is situated at a 2 km stretch along Sungai Langat nearby the UKM and Taman Tasik Bangi 3. The implementation is subjected to budget approval.

PUTRAJAYA

Site near UKM

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STUDY AREA EXISTING DRAINAGE SYSTEM


Legend: Drainage flow path Inlet for detention pond Outlet for detention pond Underground box culvert

1
U-shape drain (600x600)

V-shape drain (300 w X 600 l)

4 5 3

Survey nodes

U-shape drain (450X450)

V-shape drain (300 w X 600 l)

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STUDY AREA ISSUES & PROBLEMS

River Dredging Activities (Sand Mining)

TMN TASIK BANGI 3

Construction Activities

PROJECT AREA

2 3

UKM
Sedimentation and Slope Degradation

Agriculture/Livestock Activities

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PRELIMINARY PROPOSED MITIGATION MEASURES

Proposed Porous Pavement

Proposed Bioretention System

Proposed Constructed Wetland and Gazebo & Jetty beside the river

Proposed Porous Pavement River Walk and Landscaping along the River

TMN TASIK BANGI 3


1 2 5 3

PROJECT AREA
4

UK M

Page 29 Proposed
Geosynthetic Slope

Langat UNESCO-HELP River Basin: HTCs R&D Programme Erosion Risk Potential Categorization in Langat River To determine the degree (completed) of soil erodibility along
Langat River. To evaluate rainfall erosivity risk potential along Langat River. To identify erosion risk potential along Langat River. to categorize erosion risk potential in Langat River .
River bank erosion in Sepang district

Part of the Study Team

Langat basin

Megasteel barge The process river sand

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How Erosion Effect the River ?????

Study Area: Langat basin, 120 km along the river

RAINFALL

Wa ter sca and rcen flas ess h fl ood

(Sediment + eroded soil) are flushed out to downstream = rivers become milky + downstream become shallower
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Problem Statement
The water quality of the river is class III and IV which is no longer functioned as potable water (Lee et al., 2006) The level of turbidity is 358.7 NTU shows that the river has high concentration of suspended sediment. (National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia) The soil texture totally differed from previous study(Nor Azwady et al., 2010) Experiencing flood almost every year since 1976 which main caused by insufficient channel capacity (Mohammed et al., 2011). Rainfall Erosivity Page 32 Soil Erodibility

ROSE Index
It was developed after a thorough study of rainfall records of more than 10 areas where landslide tragedies have occurred (Roslan and Badiah, 2006).
ROSE Index (ton.m2/ha.hr) < 500 500 1000 1000 1500 1500 2000 > 2000 Category Low Moderate High Very High Critical

ROM Scale With Regards To Soil Erodibility

ROM Scale Soil Erodibility Category < 1.5 1.5 ~ 4.0 4.0 ~ 8.0 8.0 ~ 12.0 > 12.0 Low Moderate High Very High Critical
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Kg Sri Nanding @Hulu Langat

Jalan Pulau Carey @Kuala Langat

Degre Value e of Level ROM of San Silt Clay Scale Erosio d n 61. 23. 1.2 Critica

Soil Content (%)

Soil Content (%) San Silt d 25. 2 30. 56 Cla y 9.4

Value of ROM Scale 2.96

Degree Level of Erosion Moderat e Page 34

The river bank erosion more critical at the districts of Hulu Langat and Sepang whereas Kuala Langat district experienced less river bank erosion. This is particularly due to the fast flowing water at the upper stream compared to the downstream and most of soil composition at Hulu Langat and Sepang districts have sand and silt based. Page 35

Conclusion for the Study on Erosion Risk Potential Categorization in Langat River
Rainfall Erosivity
March, April, September, October, November and December

Soil Erodibility

Upstream of the Langat River: Critical Middle stream: Critical and High Lower Stream: High Moderate
Seksyen 5,Bandar Baru Bangi @Hulu Langat

UKM @Hulu Langat

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Remediation of Pollution from Large Point Sources for Hiliran River, One-State One-River Programme, Terengganu.
To add value to the present program The small scale industries that are contributing pollution to Hiliran River are keropok (fish snack) industry, the traditional batik textile printing industry, and the biggest contributor to the pollution load is the wet market at Chabang Tiga. The study of possible remediation methods for pollution control. Involve construction of small scale demo pilot project using effluent bio-treatment at outlet of batik textile printing industry, leachate from keropok industry, pollution load from wet market and inside Anak Sungai Hiliran; and monitoring water quality at strategic locations. Expected to produce innovative products and intellectual Page 37 Property (IP) with intention to upscaling for bigger river project.

Remediation of Pollution from Large Point Sources for Hiliran River, One-State One-River Programme, Terengganu.
To overcome leachate problem from keropok outlet, batik factories and water pollution from wet market and chemical pollution in the river through product innovation treatment system.

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Remediation of Pollution from Large Point Sources for Hiliran River, One-State One-River Programme, Terengganu.
Sampling Point Location

Installation of the EnviroTex Effluent Treatment Plant at Batik Processing plant in Cabang Tiga, Kuala Terengganu.

Pelepasan Terakhir Indah Water Pangsapuri Padang P1 Hiliran P2 Gross Pollutant Trap, Alor Sungai Hiliran Anti Backflow Rubbish Trapper, Alor Kubang Buyung P3 KB-1 (Sebelum Bengkel Motor) P4 Selepas bengkel Motor (Alor Kubang Buyung) P5 Sebelum pasar Chabang Tiga P6 Selepas pasar Chabang Tiga Effluent pasar yang telah dirawat secara fizikal P7 (screener) P8 Sebelum pertembungan anak sungai Hiliran Pelepasan Effluent Retention Pond (intermittance P9 overflow) P10 Continuous Sampler (JPS)

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Remediation of Pollution from Large Point Sources for Hiliran River, One-State One-River Programme, Terengganu
pH Silicate removal tank(s) pH controller

Water for reuse


Biosludge for composting
Water storage tank

Wax for reuse


Batik rinsing tank(s)

Silicate for reuse


EnviroTex Stage 1 Sump EnviroTex Stage 2 Multimedia filter P

NOTE: Rinsing tanks have screens for wax removal

Biosludge for composting

ES Composter

EnviroTex process for batik effluent

Expected Outputs The expected outputs of this study are as follows : A tested treatment design for wastewater from a medium size wet market A tested treatment design for effluent from a small keropok factory . A tested treatment design for azo-dye removal and silicate recovery from a small batek factory All the above, as stated, have potential for replication to treatment of similar sites all over the country.

EnviroTex process biologically treats and decolourises batik effluents thus turning batik plants into ecofriendly industries. The process enables recovery of silicate and water for reuse, while not relying on chemicals for treatment, thus lowering treatment operational costs through minimum chemical usage (only for silicate recovery as well as pH correction) and zero hazardous waste. The process employs proprietary EMM multimedia for adsorption and biofilm attachment, and conditions favouring biodegradation of dyes and other organics found in batik effluents.

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Biogas and Composting


Biogas and composting is the new edition to the project in HTCKL. Machine made available in August 2012 Currently at commissioning stage. Not yet operational. Focus on organic waste minimization at source through producing biogas and composting The organic waste that can be used such as leaves, water hyacinth, organic waste from household and others

The biogas and composting technology

Anaerobic Digestion (AD) flow process Page 41

Biogas and Composting


lamp

Stove for cooking By-Product applications The Biogas and Composting Machine in HTC

The Shredder Machine

Applications of biogas

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R&D Project in Perhentian Island, Terengganu: Solar Still System for Treatment of Sewage (+ sanitary) Water
To investigate the use of a stepped solar still to improve sewage management Advantages:
The solar still system is the simplest technology and is an ideal solution to be used in rural and isolated areas since it uses solar energy (the ecofriendly energy sources) for heating water. A decentralized wastewater treatment technology. Wastewater will be treated at source without the need to construct long and expensive pipeline networks and huge central wastewater treatment plants. The high quality treated wastewater provides a prospect for water recycle and reuse. Solar distillation has been to provide fresh water in locations where water quality is poor, fresh water supply is inadequate, treatment options are not available and sunshine is abundant. Page 43

Solar Still System for Treatment of Sewage (+ sanitary) Water


The Laboratory scale of the solar still model

Product

Feed

Second feed

End productd

The project site at constructed wetpond


Run 1 Run 2

Run 3
Feed End product

Clean water produced from using stepped solar still

Outlet discharge to the sea Page 44

Table showing reduction in pollution substances in treated wastewater samples


Sanitary Wastewater with low concentration Mean COD Reduction (%) Mean TSS Reduction (%) Mean TDS Reduction (%) Mean Cloudy Reduction (%) Mean Reduction Heterotrophic Plate Count (%) 97.934 64.309 98.299 86.517 86.75 Sanitary Wastewater with high concentration 86.83 94.08 100 97.92 89.75 Wastewater from Factory Processing Oil Palm 96.71 98.74 99.44 99.85

Relationship between solar radiation and rate of producing clean water

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Solar Still System for Treatment of Sewage (+ sanitary) Water

The fabricated solar still

The side wall of the fabricated solar still

Page 46 still The glass cover used for top cover of solar

HTCKL International Website (http://htc.ebox.com.my

or http://htckl.org.my/apfriend)
Knowledge need to be shared and disseminate. In 2012, HTCKL produced a new website for networking at national and international level. The international levels focus on the collaboration and networking among the Water Related Centres under the auspices of UNESCO-IHP, especially for the Southeast Asia and the Pacific region. The interface include such as news, network, programmes, R&D, education, publications and linkages of partners. HTCKL activities and events will be displayed. Others will be encouraged to also contribute articles, announcement and programmes. The interface has been completed.

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AP FRIEND WATER DATA ARCHIVE


Regional Level
Information Technology The Centre has developed a new structure of database for the Water Data Archive. Currently, Water Data Archive consisting of 51 river basins from 13 countries. Most of the information is taken from the river catalogue Vol. 1 to Vol. III. It can be accessed through http://htc.ebox.com.my or http://htckl.org.my/apfrie nd.

The art and science of river engineeringPage 48

Water Education: Yearly World Water Day Event in Malaysia


Organized Best Thesis Award (PhD; Masters; Undergraduate) in Hydrology and Water Resources for Malaysias Universities and Higher Learning Institution. to increase the relationship between government, academia and researchers. to increase the standard of research works in the field of water. to give recognition to the graduating students. For 2012, received 70 no. of thesis (PhD 13 nos.; Master 13 nos.; Undergraduate 44 nos.) Prices: in the form of certificate (gold, silver, bronze awards) plaque, and money)
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Water Education: Seminars, Workshop and Lecture


Four (4) Seminars/Workshop conducted in 2012 through networking and collaboration with 3 universities. Participants: government officers, consultants (private), lecturers, university students, NGOs, MIHP members.
No. Seminar/Workshop/ Lecture Workshop on Water Quality Analysis Seminar on Geospatial Related Disaster and Problems: Issues, Challenges and Prevention Seminar on Integrated Urban Water Management Using MSMA Stormwater Management Ecohydrology as part of SWITCH Program: From Theory until Implementation International Conference on Water Resources (ICWR2012) Lecture on IWRM to officers from National Audit Dept. During River of Life Seminar Place & Date

1. 2.

Primula Hotel, Kuala Terengganu, 14th & 15th May 2012 Avillion Admiral Cove, Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan, 4th & 5th June 2012 Heritage Hotel, Cameron Highlands, Pahang, 2nd & 3rd July 2012

3.

4. 5.

Bayview Hotel, Langkawi, 5-6 Nov. 2012 Delivered on 9th Nov. at Awana Hotel, Genting Highlands

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Water Education: University Students R&D


No.
1.

Name of Students
Ms Nur Asmaliza binti Mohd. Nor Mr Kok Kah Hoong

Title of Research
Performance Evaluation of Constructed Wetland as Stormwater Improvement: Case Study at HTCKL Evaluation of Green Roof as an Option of Green Technology for Urban Stormwater Quantity and Quality Control: Case Study at HTCKL Monitoring Program of MSMA Stormwater Management Ecohydrology Project at HTCKL

Candidate
PhD candidate

2.

Master Candidate (completed Bachelor Degree) Completed Master Degree

3.

Ms Amirah Hanim binti Mohd. Fuad Ms Nur Fadzilla binti Usop

4.

Sensitivity Analysis on the Graduated Estimation of Evapotranspiration Model, July 2012 with Penchala River Basin (working group: Urban M.Sc Ecohydrology) Ecohydrological Modeling of Water Discharge and Pollutant Loads in Penchala River (working group: Urban Ecohydrology) PhD candidate

5.

Mr. Mohd. Khairul Idlan bin Muhammad

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Water Education: Papers in 2012


No.
1.

Title of Paper
Transformation and Innovation through R&D in Stormwater Management Ecohydrology Coastal Development Issues and Impacts of Climate Change on Coastal Resources

Place & Date


DID Senior Management Conference, Renaissance Hotel, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, 10-12 September 2012. National Conference On Extreme Weather And Climate Change: Understanding Science And R&D Capacity Needs, Auditorium, Malaysian Meteorological Department, 8-9 October 2012. International Conference on Water Resources (ICWR2012), Bayview Hotel, Langkawi, 5 6 November 2012. International Conference on Water Resources (ICWR2012), Bayview Hotel, Langkawi, 5 6 November 2012. International Conference on Water Resources (ICWR2012), Bayview Hotel, Langkawi, 5 6 November 2012.

2.

3.

Evaluation of Permeable Pavement under Tropical Climate: A Case Study at Humid Tropics Centre (HTC) Sustainability of Hydropower Reservoir as Flood Mitigation Measure: Lesson Learned from Ringlet Reservoir, Cameron Highlands, Malaysia The Relationship Of Localized Rainfall Versus Urban Heat Island (Uhi) Parameters And Air Pollution

4.

5.

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Water Education: Papers in 2013

No.
1. 2. 3.

Title of Paper
River Bank Erosion Risk Potential With Regards to Soil Erodibility Along Langat River Basin. Soil Erosion Risk Potential with Regards to Rainfall Erosivity Along Langat River Basin Comparison of Methods for Estimating Evapotranspiration In A Tropical Urban Catchment: Case Study of Penchala River

Page 53

Participated in the Malaysia UNESCO Day, Malaysia, November, 2011


Note: HTC participated in the Malaysia UNESCO Day, held in Mandarin Oriental Hotel, KLCC and KLCC Park on 3rd and 4th November 2012
YAB Deputy Prime Minister attracted by the HTC-SME model

Page 54

RECENT PUBLICATIONS
Humid Tropics Centre Kuala Lumpur 10-year Report (1999 2009). Proceedings of International Training Workshop on Flash Flood Risk Assessment and Mitigation Strategies, 10 13 August 2009, DICODE Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Technical Guidelines: MSMA Stormwater Management Ecohydrology at Humid Tropics Centre Proceedings Integrated and Multidisiplinary Research on Flood Hazard Assessment in Johor, 3 6 July 2011, Permaisuri Hotel, MITC Ayer Keroh, Malacca, Malaysia

Page 55

FUTURE PROGRAMMES: Artificial BioMacropore for Enhancing Soil Infiltration for Urban Catchment
A heavy storm rainfall with either short or long duration can cause flood inundation in urban catchment that exhibit high percentage of sealed surface. The sealed surface gives a large contribution on increasing runoff and reducing soil water infiltration. Therefore, some techniques are essentially required to overcome this problem. The presence of both natural and artificial soil macropores could increase saturated soil hydraulic conductivity by several orders of magnitudes. As a result, rainfall infiltrates rapidly into soil, conversely runoff and flood inundation will be reduced.
Page 56

FUTURE PROGRAMMES: Artificial BioMacropore for Enhancing Soil Infiltration for Urban Catchment
This project involved evaluating an artificial biomacropore as a media to enhance soil infiltrability in urban catchment as well as in HTCKL. Local community can participate in this project.
Rainfall Surface runoff Bio macroporehole Seal soil surface

Soil Lateral water flow

Organicrubbish, aggregated soil etc. Vertical water flow Water table

Biomacropore hole

Biomacropore hole in axisymmetrical coordinate

Page 57

FUTURE PROGRAMMES: Rural River Rejuvenation (R3): Proposed Pilot R3 Project at Jenderam River, Sepang, Selangor [UNESCO-HELP Langat River]
A means of bringing aquatic life back to rural rivers and cleaning up their waters so as to be fit for recreation. Main functional purpose would be to provide a water based recreational site to a rural community as well as to others. The rationale for the project is the lack of recreational opportunities for families to play together and for youngsters to spend their energies can lead to negative impacts on families and society. Although this is a recognised problem in Malaysia, which may contribute to delinquency, drug addiction and various other societal problems, solutions are seldom followed to the root, or implemented. Through R3, recreational sites for water based activities, as well as for fishing, picnicking, camping, etc, can be made available to surrounding villages. Page 58

FUTURE PROGRAMMES: Rural River Rejuvenation (R3): Proposed Pilot R3 Project at Jenderam River, Sepang, Selangor [UNESCO-HELP Langat River]
To Salak Tinggi House
PROJECT LOCATION

Bridge Sg. Jenderam Screen

MBB

River reserve To Sg. Langat

To Dengkil & Bangi

Features of the proposed pilot R3 project

Location of proposed pilot R3 project at Hulu Jenderam

Page 59

THANK YOU
DR. HJ. MOHAMED ROSELI BIN ZAINAL ABIDIN Director Humid Tropics Centre Kuala Lumpur (HTCKL) Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia HUMID TROPICS CENTRE KUALA LUMPUR No. 2, Jalan Ledang off Jalan Duta, 50480 Kuala Lumpur Tel. 03 20958700 Fax 03 20953366 Free Powerpoint Templates Email : htckl@water.gov.my

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