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Special Numbers

Primes ( only 2 factors) 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 91, 97. Triangles Square numbers to 100 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 10. hexagon

Shapes

Times tables
1 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10
6 1 6 2 12 3 18 4 24 5 30 6 36 7 42 8 48 9 54 10 60

3D shapes
Prisms

octagon

pentagon

Equilateral
Multiples of 3 Add the digits - if they add to 3, 6 or 9 its a multiple of 3.

Isosceles Isosceles

Multiples of 6
As above but the number MUST be even. Multiples of 9 If you add the digits they make 9. Multiples of 2 Even and can be halved

scalene Quadrilaterals

scalene

2 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
7 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 70

3 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30
8 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80

4 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40
9 9 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 90

5 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
10 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

cube

cuboid

cylinder

cylinder

Triangular prism

Hexagonal prism

Pyramids

rectangle

square rhombus

parallelogram

trapezium

Multiples of 4
Even and can be halved twice Multiples of 8 Even and can be halved 3 times. Multiples of 5 Unit digit is either 0 or 5 Multiples of 10 trapezium trapezium kite

Triangular based pyramid

Square based pyramid

Inverted kite 7 sides heptagon 9 sides nonagon 10 sides - decagon

Hexagonal based pyramid

Cone

Unit digit is 0

Lines and Angles


parallel

Measures
Averages 1 Litre = 100cl 1 Litre = 1000ml

Data
2, 3, 6, 9, 4, 7, 9, 8

Fractions decimals percentages


Decimal % 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 25% 75% 24% 35% 42% 67% 55% Fraction 1/10 1/5 3/10 2/5 1/2 3/5 7/10 4/5 9/10 1 1/4 3/4 24/100 = 6/25 35/100 = 7/20 42/100 = 21/50 67/100 55/100 = 11/20 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5

Perpendicular lines Cross at right angles

1cl = 10ml

Mean = add up the numbers and divide by the amount in the set. 48 8 = 6 Median Put the numbers in order and highlight the middle one. 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 9.

1m = 100cm 1cm = 10mm

Angles in a triangle = 180o

1m = 1000mm 1km = 1000m

0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 0.25

Angles in a quadrilateral = 360o

8km

5 miles

1kg = 1000g
Angles on a straight line = 180o

Median = 6.5 Mode the most occurring number in the set. Mode = 9 Range difference between highest and lowest number in the set. 92=7

Probability
The chance of an event occurring lies between 0 1 Can be stated as a decimal, fraction or percentage. 0 = impossible 1 = definite 0.5 = 50 / 50 chance or half chance

0.75 0.24 0.35 0.42 0.67 0.55

Angles around a point = 360o

Opposite angles at intersecting lines are equal

Lines and Angles


acute obtuse Plus Add More

Addition +

Multiplication x
Multiply

Symbols
= < > equals less than greater than less than or equal to

Times
Product of Lots of Groups of .. Times bigger than is Increased by a scale factor of..,

Increased by Make reflex Sum total Altogether

greater than or equal to


not equal to approximately perpendicular to parallel to

Area and Perimeter Subtraction Minus

Division
Divided by / into Shared by How many groups of .. go into Find the quotient of How many go into in ? reduced by a scale factor of

B L
Area = L x B Perimeter = (L + B ) x 2

% percent

Subtract Take away Less than Reduced by Decreased by

The crocodile always eats the bigger number. OR put two dots at the big number 1 dot at the small and join them up you will always get the right one!

Volume
Volume of a prism = area of end face x depth 18cm2 10cm 12cm2 6cm 12 x 6 = 72cm3 18 x 10 = 180cm3

The difference between How many more than How many less than How many are left over are removed, how many left

14 14

. . . . . .

7 7