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# Special Numbers

Primes ( only 2 factors) 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 91, 97. Triangles Square numbers to 100 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 10. hexagon

Shapes

Times tables
1 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10
6 1 6 2 12 3 18 4 24 5 30 6 36 7 42 8 48 9 54 10 60

3D shapes
Prisms

octagon

pentagon

Equilateral
Multiples of 3 Add the digits - if they add to 3, 6 or 9 its a multiple of 3.

Isosceles Isosceles

Multiples of 6
As above but the number MUST be even. Multiples of 9 If you add the digits they make 9. Multiples of 2 Even and can be halved

scalene

2 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
7 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 70

3 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30
8 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80

4 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40
9 9 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 90

5 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
10 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

cube

cuboid

cylinder

cylinder

Triangular prism

Hexagonal prism

Pyramids

rectangle

square rhombus

parallelogram

trapezium

Multiples of 4
Even and can be halved twice Multiples of 8 Even and can be halved 3 times. Multiples of 5 Unit digit is either 0 or 5 Multiples of 10 trapezium trapezium kite

Cone

Unit digit is 0

## Lines and Angles

parallel

Measures
Averages 1 Litre = 100cl 1 Litre = 1000ml

Data
2, 3, 6, 9, 4, 7, 9, 8

## Fractions decimals percentages

Decimal % 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 25% 75% 24% 35% 42% 67% 55% Fraction 1/10 1/5 3/10 2/5 1/2 3/5 7/10 4/5 9/10 1 1/4 3/4 24/100 = 6/25 35/100 = 7/20 42/100 = 21/50 67/100 55/100 = 11/20 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5

## Perpendicular lines Cross at right angles

1cl = 10ml

Mean = add up the numbers and divide by the amount in the set. 48 8 = 6 Median Put the numbers in order and highlight the middle one. 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 9.

## Angles in a quadrilateral = 360o

8km

5 miles

1kg = 1000g
Angles on a straight line = 180o

Median = 6.5 Mode the most occurring number in the set. Mode = 9 Range difference between highest and lowest number in the set. 92=7

Probability
The chance of an event occurring lies between 0 1 Can be stated as a decimal, fraction or percentage. 0 = impossible 1 = definite 0.5 = 50 / 50 chance or half chance

## Lines and Angles

Multiplication x
Multiply

Symbols
= < > equals less than greater than less than or equal to

Times
Product of Lots of Groups of .. Times bigger than is Increased by a scale factor of..,

## greater than or equal to

not equal to approximately perpendicular to parallel to

## Area and Perimeter Subtraction Minus

Division
Divided by / into Shared by How many groups of .. go into Find the quotient of How many go into in ? reduced by a scale factor of

B L
Area = L x B Perimeter = (L + B ) x 2

% percent

## Subtract Take away Less than Reduced by Decreased by

The crocodile always eats the bigger number. OR put two dots at the big number 1 dot at the small and join them up you will always get the right one!

Volume
Volume of a prism = area of end face x depth 18cm2 10cm 12cm2 6cm 12 x 6 = 72cm3 18 x 10 = 180cm3

The difference between How many more than How many less than How many are left over are removed, how many left

14 14

. . . . . .

7 7