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TUTORIAL 1

In groups, Reflection on your own language learning experience, i. First 3 years ii. Pre-school years iii. School years

Group members : 1) Alice Eliska (TESL 1) 2) Siti Noor Wahida binti Abdul Rahman (TESL 2) 3) Norsuhaidah binti Koppeli (TESL 1) 4) Mithraroobini A/P Jeganathan (TESL 2)

i. First 3 years

- The purpose of this early communication is to attract attention from the parents, caregivers and others in the environment. - During the first year : a) Crying : We cry since birth. Crying can signal distress and other things such as hunger or pain. b) Babbling : Produce the strings of consonant-vowel combination like ba, ba,ba,ba, ma, ma,ma,ma. This first occurs in the middle of their first year.

c) Gestures : We start to use gestures such as pointing and nodding. We wave our hands for bye-bye or a nod for yes and show an empty bottle for milk. - We start to speak the first word during the first year. - A babys first words include the words of important people (papa and mama).

- At the age of 2, we begin to utter two word sentences and relies heavily on gestures and tones. Example : More milk, Papa come - Then, we move quickly to 3-4 words combination during the age of 2.
- We begin to scribble when we are 3 years old.

PRESCHOOL YEARS

PRESCHOOL YEARS
First of all, during preschool years teachers will use teaching aids such as picture or book. So the children at this level will start to imagine things and they can remember what is the name of certain things. Thus, they also can write a simple words such as books, read, cup . Besides, children at this time will learn to develop their language learning through the nursery rhyme songs like humpty dumpty, twinkle little star and etc. They also can write down a simple sentences with a subject and predicate such as I like batman.

SCHOOL-YEARS

We can handle opposite analogies easily such as girl-boy, man-woman, fliesswims, blunt-sharp short-long, sweetsour, etc. We also can understands such terms as alike, different, beginning, end, etc. We also be able to tell time to quarter hour and able to do simple reading and to write or print many words.

We can relate rather involved accounts of events, many of which occurred at some time in the past and can use complex and compound sentences easily. We also have learnt reading with considerable ease and able writing simple compositions. Can control of rate, pitch, and volume are generally well and appropriately established. Despite on that, we can carry on conversation at rather adult level and able to follow fairly complex directions with little repetition.

THANK YOU