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VALVE

VALVE
Equipment used to control flow of fluid in a pipe line or a storage vessel. 1 2

1. Gate valve
2. Globe valve 3. Ball valve 5

4.Butterfly valve
5. Diaphragm valve 6. Check valve

SAFETY

Wear hand gloves while operating a valve.

Use appropriate handle to open / close a valve.


Position the body in line with valve position while operating a valve. Do not operate valve with bare hands. Never keep hands / fingers in between body and flap/ gate/ globe/ seat .

OPERATING PROCEDURE
When opening a closed valve loosen it for free movement.

Ensure the valve is free to operate.


Use F Handle for wheel handles. Use Box handles for AUDCO type ball valves.

When opening a pressurised line(or) system de-throttle the valve gradually to avoid hammering on the pipe line.
While closing a valve Ensure that the valve is completely closed.

MAINTENANCE
Lubricate

the spindle for easy operation.

Attend gate gland leak if any. Check for any gasket damage in the fixing.

Lubricate gate spindle for smooth operation.


Tighten the lock-nut of valve handle/wheel.

In an unattended system to maintain a valve in

good health Operate the valve once a fort night .

GATE VALVE
PARTS
1. Threaded stem and bushing. 2. Follower for gland. 3. Lilting lugs for handling the valve. 4.Swing eyebolts & gland shelves for packing. 5. Inner row of studs . 6.Outer studs secures yoke-arm to the body. 7.The bonnet joint . 8.Body . 9. Stellited seat provides guiding of stem. 10. Streamlined pipe for flow with minimum turbulence. 11. Stellite faced flexible "H" type wedge.. 12. Seal rings.

TROUBLE SHOOTING - GATE VALVE


TROUBLE
VAL VE DOE S NOT OPE N

POSSIBLE CAUSE
STEM AND GATE DETACHED

REMEDY
FIX THE LINK / CHANGE THE VALVE

STEM STRUCK UP DUE FREE THE RUST , TO RUST LUBRICATE AND OPEN. TIGHTENED TOO HARD LOCK NUT OF STEM AND WHEEL DAMAGED. BUSH AND STEM THREAD DAMAGED GRADUALLY OPERATE THE WHEEL AFTER LUBRICATION. CHANGE LOCK NUT REPLACE BUSH & STEM or CHANGE VALVE

GLOBE VALVE

PARTS
1. Threaded stem and bushing. 2. Follower for gland. 3. Lilting lugs for handling the valve. 4.Swing eyebolts & gland shelves for packing. 5. Inner row of studs . 6.Outer studs secures yoke-arm to the body. 7.The bonnet joint . 8.Body . 9. Stellited seat provides guiding of stem. 10. Streamlined pipe for flow with minimum turbulence. 11. Stellite faced flexible "H" type wedge.. 12. Seal rings.

TROUBLE SHOOTING - GATE VALVE


TROUBLE
VAL VE DOE S NOT OPE N

POSSIBLE CAUSE
STEM AND GLOBE DETACHED

REMEDY
FIX THE LINK / CHANGE THE VALVE

STEM STRUCK UP DUE FREE THE RUST , TO RUST LUBRICATE AND OPEN. TIGHTENED TOO HARD LOCK NUT OF STEM AND WHEEL DAMAGED. BUSH AND STEM THREAD DAMAGED GRADUALLY OPERATE THE WHEEL AFTER LUBRICATION. CHANGE LOCK NUT REPLACE BUSH & STEM or CHANGE GLOBE&BED

BALL VALVE

FLANGED BALL VALVE

Name Of Part
1. 2. 3. 4. Body Body Connector (Flange/ thread) Ball Seat

5.
6.
THREADED BALL VALVE

Stem
Thrust Bearing Stem Seal Gland Nut Hand Lever Lever Nut Body Stud Body Stud Nut Body Seal Hand Lever Sleeve

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

TROUBLE SHOOTING - BALL VALVE


TROUBLE
VAL VE DOE S NOT OPE N

POSSIBLE CAUSE
HANDLE AND BALL DETACHED

REMEDY
FIX THE LINK NUT/ CHANGE THE VALVE

STEM STRUCK UP DUE FREE THE RUST, TO RUST LUBRICATE AND OPEN. TIGHTENED TOO HARD SEAL CORROEDED / DAMAGED BALL DAMAGED GRADUALLY OPERATE THE LEVER AFTER LUBRICATION. REPLACE THE VALVE REPLACE THE VALVE.

BUTTERFLY VALVE

Butterfly valves occupy less space than any other of the mentioned valves. These valves accomplish relatively tight sealing (without excessive torque) through the use of resilient seats or piston rings on the disk. However, improper fluid pressure distribution can cause the valve to close. Because of this, some smaller models have a latching device on their handle. The pressure drop in butterfly vavles is quite large as compared to that of gate valves.

Operating stem is shown in solid black. Motion of the moving valve parts are shown by arrows on a dotted line. Moving parts are shown in closed position with solid lines, open position with dotted lines.

TROUBLE SHOOTING - BUTTERFLY VALVE


TROUBLE
VAL VE DOE S NOT OPE RATE

POSSIBLE CAUSE

REMEDY

HANDLE AND SPINDLE FIX THE LOCK NUT LOCK NUT DETACHED FLAP STRUCK DUE TO FORIGEN MATERIAL TIGHTENED TOO HARD SEAL CORROEDED / DAMAGED FLAP DAMAGED FREE THE MATERIAL BY DISMANTELING THE VALVE. GRADUALLY OPERATE THE LEVER AFTER LUBRICATION. REPLACE THE VALVE / SEAL. REPLACE THE FLAP/VALVE.

DIAPHRAGM VALVE

DIAPHRAGM VALVE - PARTS

handle
body stop plug diaphragm

wire plate
flange face

DIAPHRAGM VALVE - PARTS

TROUBLE SHOOTING - DIAPHRAGM VALVE


TROUBLE
VAL VE DOE S NOT OPE RATE

POSSIBLE CAUSE

REMEDY

HANDLE AND SPINDLE FIX THE LINK BOLT LOCK NUT DETACHED TIGHTENED TOO HARD DIAPHRAGM DAMAGED GRADUALLY OPERATE AFTER LUBRICATION. REPLACE THE VALVE / DIAPHRAGM.

CHECK VALVE/ NRV

Check valves are used to avoid back-flow and/or to relieve pressure. Whenever the upstream pressure is at a higher pressure than the downstream pressure (usually by five psi or more), the valve is

forced to open. Continued high upstream pressure keeps the


valve open. If the flow ceases or reverses direction, a spring or piston forces the valve to close. Once the piston or puppet is seated, the higher downstream pressure keeps the valve closed. Often a lightweight spring is also placed above the piston to assist in closing, unless low cracking pressures are required that preclude the use of a spring.

CHECK VALVE - PARTS

1 Body 2 Seal ring 3 swing disc 4 Hinge 5 Gasket 6 Bolt 7 Nut 9 Disc Nut 10 Hook Screw Steel 11 Set Screw 12 Name Plate 13 Hinge pin