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Content:

Background Of Study -Goal And Objectives Literature Methodology Programme Schedule Study Area Costing

Background of study
OBJECTIVE
To examine community structure, composition and resources To identify needs and problems To suggest solutions and programs related to community development

Background of study

SCOPE
Community profile: List of villages and settlements in the study area; population and number of households.
Community structure, composition and resources: Age, ethnic group, occupation, income, household size, skills, education, physical capital, social capital, heritage and culture. Community needs and problems Proposals and programme of community development

LITERATURE
DEFINITION OF COMMUNITY

People who live within a geographically defined area and who have social and psychologically ties with each other and with the place where they live - (Mattessich and Monsey 2004 cited in Phillips and Pittman (2009).

A group of people who live close to one another and are united by common interest and mutual aid.
- (National Research Council 1975 cited in Phillips and Pitman (2009).

A combination of social units and systems which perform the major social functions and the organization of social activities - (Waren 1963 cited in Phillips and Pittman (2009)

LITERATURE
CONCEPT OF COMMUNITY
Community as an organic and physical entity, emphasized on symbiosis and collective action. Social group interaction as a main phenomena Coincide with the society concept, city, village and neighbourhood. Characteristic of community - the territorial base, distribution of space of man,

institution, and activities, close living together on the basis of kinship and organic
interdependence, and common life based upon the mutual correspondence of interests. Basic factors of community - Social unity, physical unity, commonness and common possession Social interaction - developed from interpersonal discourse based on shared experience, which shape values and attitudes and create a group of people residing in close mutual proximity and who come to identify themselves as a social grouping.

LITERATURE
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT (UN)
Community development is a process during which people in the small community first thoroughly discuss and define their wants, and then plan and act together to satisfy them. Community development is the process by which the efforts of the people themselves are united with those of the government authorities to improve the economic, social and cultural conditions of the communities, to integrate communities into the life of the nation, and to enable them to contribute fully to the national progress. - (UN in Somashekharapa and Gurumurthy, 1993:51-52)

LITERATURE
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
Community building in all of these efforts consists of actions to strengthen the capacity of communities to identify priorities and opportunities and to foster and sustain positive neighborhood change - (Chaskin 2001 cited in Haines, 2009). Community development is defined as a planned effort to produce assets that increase the capacity of residents to improve their quality of life -(Green and Haines 2007 cited in Haines, 2009) Community development is asset building that improves the quality of life among residents of low to moderate income communities, where communities are defined as neighborhoods or multi-neighborhood areas - (Ferguson and Dickens 1999 cited in Haines, 2009). Community development is a place-based approach: it concentrates on creating assets that benefit people in poor neighborhoods, largely by building and tapping links to external resources - (Vidal and Keating 2004 cited in Haines, 2009)

LITERATURE
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
A PROCESS
developing and enhancing the ability to act collectively

AN OUTCOME

taking collective action and the result of that action for improvement in a community in any or all realms; physical, environmental, cultural, social, political, economic.

LITERATURE
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.continue
SOCIAL CAPITAL OR CAPACITY
is the extent to which members of a community can work together effectively to develop and sustain strong relationships; solve problems and make group decision and collaborate effectively to plan, set goal, and get things done.

FOUR OTHER FORMS OF COMMUNITY CAPITAL

HUMAN CAPITAL: labour supply, skills, capabilities and experience, etc.

PHYSICAL CAPITAL: buildings, streets, infrastructure, etc.


FINANCIAL CAPITAL: community financial institutions, micro loan funds, community development banks, etc. ENVIRONMENTAL CAPITAL: natural resources, weather, recreational opportunities, etc.

LITERATURE
PROCESS OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

Capacity Building Community Development Process Developing The Ability To Act

Social Capital The Ability to Act

Community Development Outcome Taking Action Community Improvement

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CHAIN

LITERATURE
LINKING COMMUNITY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Community Development Outcome Taking Action Community Improvement

Capacity Building Community Development Process

Social Capital The Ability to Act

Developing The Ability To Act

Economic Development Outcome Job Creation Increase in income & wealth Increase in Standard of living

Economic Development Process Creating and maintaining ED programmes Mobilizing Resources

METHODOLOGY
SCOPE
Community profile: List of villages and settlements in the study area; population and number of households Community structure, composition and resources: Household survey

METHODOLOGY
Secondary data from various local authorities

Age, ethnic group, occupation, income,


household size, skills, education, physical capital, social capital, heritage and culture Community needs and problems Household survey, focus group meeting

Proposals and programme of community


development

Focus group meeting

WORK OF PROGRAMME
ASPECT OF STUDY
a) PRELIMINARY a) WORK a) a) FIELD STUDY OF SELECTED a) VILLAGES a) a) ANALYSIS a) a) a) PROPOSAL a) a) Literature review Preparation of data based on villages and settlements Maps Physical survey Socio-economic Focus group meeting 1 Settlement profiles Identification of problems and potential Causes and consequences of the problems Focus group meeting 2 Strategy Programmes and action plan Time (months) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

STUDY AREA

SITE

STUDY AREA

NUMBER OF VILLAGES
NUMBER OF HOUSING ESTATES

26 Buah Kampung

29 Buah Taman

TOTAL

55PENEMPATAN

LIST OF VILLAGE, AND HOUSING SCHEME IN MUKIM PLENTONG, PASIR GUDANG PARLIAMENTARY AREA
NO 1 NAME OF HEAD VILLAGE ABU BAKAR BIN MOHD SALLEH Tel : 019-7335327 ADDRESS Ketua Kg Pasir Gudang Baru No 43, Jalan Rambutan Kg Pasir Gudang Baru 81700 Pasir Gudang,Johor VILLAGE NAME 1.Kg Pasir Gudang Baru HOUSING ESTATE 1. Taman Mawar Fasa 1,2,3,4,5 2. Perumahan Imigresen, Kastam , TNB/Bakti 1,2 Petronas/Tembesu 3. Taman Air Biru Fasa 8,9, 10 4. Taman Cendana 5. Taman Bukit Dahlia, 6. Taman Mel 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Taman Sri Plentong Taman Plentong Utama Taman Baru Permas Rumah Awam Plentong Taman Bayu Plentong Taman Rinting Taman Cahaya Kota Putri Taman Megah Ria Taman Kota Putri Taman Seera Perdana DUN PERMAS

2.

YAHAYA BIN SHAHDAN Tel : 0197120006

Ketua kampong Senibung 1. Lot 1122, Kg Plentong Baru, 81750 Plentong, 2. Johor 3. 4. 5. Ketua Kg. Kuala Masai No 31 Jalan Tasek 49 Bandar Seri Alam 81750 Masai Johor Ketua Kg Kopok Baru No 10 Jalan Hijrah 8,Kg Kopok Baru,81700 Pasir Gudang , Johor Ketua Kg Felda Cahaya Baru No 152-C Kg Cahaya Baru 81750 Masai Johor 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Kg Senibong Kg Plentong Baru Kg Seri Makmur, Kg Sg. Tengkorak Kg Sg Plentong Baru Kg Kuala Masai Kg Teluk Jawa Kg Sungai Rinting B, C,D Kg Rekoh Kg Teluk Jawa

PERMAS, JOHOR JAYA

ROSLAN BIN WAHAB Tel : 013 7796779

PERMAS

HJ MOHAMAD SAPUAN BIN HJ SUPAAT Tel: 019 7503767 HJ MOHD NASIR BIN ABD RAHMAN 0197107722, 2611186 ABD SAMAT BIN ABD HAMID Tel : 013 7617202,3329982

1. Taman Desa Rakyat Perdana

Permas

Ketua Kg DatoSulaiman Menteri 1. Kg Bendahara No 181 Jalan Teratai Biru 2. Kg Belantik Kg Dato Hajah Hasnah Ahmad 81100 Johor Bahru Ketua Kg Baru Masai No 101 Jalan Bangau Kg Sepakat 2,81750 Masai Johor 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Kg Baru Masai Kg Pertanian Kg Sepakat Kg Desa Bakti Kg Masjid Kg Sg Masai Kg Melayu Pandan Kg Plllentong Tengah Kg Rumah 10 Kg BaruPlentong tengah Kg Sri Bahagia Kg Saujana Baru Kg Desa Perwira

1. Taman Sri Pandan 2. Taman Sri Amar

Johor Jaya

HJ SALIM BIN JUAHER No Tel : 016 7945543/ 2552122

1. 2. 3. 4.

Taman Bunga Raya Masai Taman MAsai Utama Bandar Sri Alam Taman Flora Height

Permas Jaya Johor Jaya

JUMAT BIN JAAFAR Tel 013 7700124

Ketua Kg Melay Pandan No 11, Jalan Hj Jaafar Kg Plentong Tengah

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Taman Johor Jaya Taman Molek Taman Desa Harmoni Taman Redang Taman Saujana

Johor Jaya

HJ MOHD NASIR BIN ABD RAHMAT Tel :019 7107722, 2611186

Ketua Kg Felda Cahaya Baru No 152-c Kg Cahaya Baru 81750 Masai Johor.

1. Taman Desa Rakyat Perdana

Permas Jaya

No 1 KG PASIR GUDANG BARU 2 KG SENIBONG 3 KG PLENTONG BARU 4 KG SERI MAKMUR 5 KG SG TENGKORAK 6 KG SG PLENTONG BARU 7 KG KUALA MASAI 8 KG TELUK JAWA 9 KG SUNGAI RINTING B, C, D 10 KG REKOH 12 KG BENDAHARA 13 KG BELANTIK 14 KG BARU MASAI 15 KG PERTANIAN 16 KG SEPAKAT 17 KG DESA BAKTI 18 KG MASJID 19 KG SG MASAI 20 KG MELAYU PANDAN 21 KG PLENTONG TENGAH

VILLAGE NAME

VILLAGE CLASSIFICATION TRADITIONAL VILLAGE TRADITIONAL VILLAGE TRADITIONAL VILLAGE TRADITIONAL VILLAGE TRADITIONAL VILLAGE TRADITIONAL VILLAGE TRADITIONAL VILLAGE TRADITIONAL VILLAGE

HOUSING UNITS >50 11-50 11-50 11-50 0-10 11-50 11-50 11-50

TRADITIONAL VILLAGE

>50

22 KG RUMAH 10
23 KG BARU PLENTONG TENGAH 24 KG SRI BAHAGIA 25 KG SAUJANA BARU 26 KG DESA PERWIRA

NAME OF HOUSING ESTATE


1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Taman Mawar Fasa 1,2,3,4,5 Perumahan Imigresen, Petronas/Tembesu Taman Air Biru Fasa 8,9, 10 Taman Cendana Taman Bukit Dahlia, Taman Mel Taman Sri Plentong Taman Plentong Utama Taman Baru Permas Rumah Awam Plentong Kastam , TNB/Bakti 1,2

NO OF HOUSING UNIT
3315

AREA(ACRE)
313.33

8091 4066

512.14 16.74

8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Taman Bayu Plentong


Taman Rinting .Taman Cahaya Kota Putri Taman Megah Ria Taman Kota Putri Taman Seera Perdana Taman Desa Rakyat Perdana Taman Sri Pandan Taman Sri Amar Taman Bunga Raya Masai Taman MAsai Utama Bandar Sri Alam Taman Flora Height Taman Johor Jaya Taman Molek

4356

337.6

481

4.7

11097

3801.53

23
24 25 26 27 28 29

Taman Desa Harmoni


Taman Redang Taman Saujana Taman Desa Rakyat Perdana

COSTING OF PROJECT
1) IMREC
No. 1 2 3 4 Items Prof. Dr. Sr. Abd. Ghani bin Khalid Prof. Dr. Alias bin Mohd. Yusof Dr. Sarajul Fikri bin Mohamed Administration Cost(5% part of overall cost) Sub Total Total RM 3,000.00 RM 3,000.00 RM 3,000.00 RM 2,500.00 RM 11,500.00

2) CONSULTANT
No. 1 2 Items Prof. Madya Dr. Ibrahim Ngah Research Assistant 5 man-month @ RM1,6000 per month Sub Total Total RM 7,700.00 RM 8,000.00 RM 15,700.00

3) REIMBURSEMENT
No 1 2 3 4 5 6 Items Workshop of Villagers and Residents (Refer to Detailing (a)) Travelling Claim Printing and Report Binding Telephone, fax, post and courier Field Study Stationery SUBTOTAL Maximum (RM)

RM 5,500.00
RM 3,000.00 RM 1,800.00 RM 1,500.00 RM 10,000.00 RM 1,000.00 RM 22,800.00

(A) WORKSHOP COSTING

No
1

Items
Foods (Breakfast, Lunch and High Tea) Souvenir for participant Printing Subtotal

Cost
RM 20.00 X 150

TOTAL (RM)
3,000.00

2
3

RM 10.00 X 150
Module, letter, programmes, etc.

1,500.00
1,000.00 5,500.00

OVERALL COST

= (1) + (2) + (3) = RM 50,000.00

REFERENCES
1. 2. Gallent, Nick et. al (2008), Introduction to Rural Planning, London: Routledge. Haines, Anna (2009), Asset-based Community Development, in Phillips, Rhonda and Pittman, Robert H. ed, An Introduction to Community Development, New York: Routledge.032 James DeFilippis, Susan Saegert (eds) (2008), The Community Development Reader, London: Routledge. Phillips, Rhonda and Pittman, Robert H. ed (2009), An Introduction to Community Development, New York: Routledge. Somashekharapa, C.A and Gurumurthy K.G (1993), Community Studies and Community Development, New Delhi: Reliance Publishing House. Yahaya Ibrahim (ed) (2009), Kumuniti, Pembangunan dan Transformasi, Bangi: UKM Publisher. Neal, Peter (ed) (2003), Urban Villages: The Making of Community, New York: Apon Press.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

LAMPIRAN II

Kawasan Parlimen Pasir Gudang


TUJUAN
Mengenalpasti masalah-masalah dan

potensi komuniti perkampungan tradisional dan petempatan setinggan membangunkan komuniti depan

TARIKH : 8 HB MEI 2010 (SABTU) MASA : 8.00 PAGI HINGGA 5.00 PETANG TEMPAT : HOTEL SELESA, PASIR GUDANG

Pandangan-pandangan penduduk untuk Terapkan komuniti mampan pada masa

FOKUS
Kampung Setinggan Kampung Tradisional Taman Perumahan

PROGRAM
8.00 -9.00 pagi : Pendaftaran 9.00-10.00 pagi : Perasmian 10.00-10.30 pagi: Minum Pagi 10.30-11.00 pagi: Taklimat Oleh Prof Madya Dr Ibrahim Sesi Pertama 11.00 pagi 1.00 Tengahari : Merumuskan Masalah Dan Potensi 1.00-2.30 petang: Rehat 2.30 - 4.30 petang : Wawasan Dan Pembangunan Komuniti 4.30-5.00 petang : Minum Petang 5.00-6.00 petang : Pembentangan Rumusan

PESERTA
JKKK Kampung Terlibat Ketua Kampung Pertubuhan Umno Belia, Wakil Surau, Persatuan Peniaga, Teksi dan Bas Sekolah