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OTC103101 OptiX BWS 1600G System Hardware

ISSUE 2.1

Optical Network Curriculum Development Section

Introduction

In DWDM theory, What kind of Key technologies have we learned?

Next, we will learn OptiX BWS 1600G DWDM Optical Transmission System Equipment.

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Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Grasp the general structure of OptiX BWS 1600G


DWDM System,

Understand the working principle of boards in OptiX BWS 1600G DWDM System,

Grasp the functional features of boards in OptiX BWS 1600G DWDM System.

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Reference Material

WDM Principle

OptiX BWS 1600G Hardware Description Manual

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Contents

Chapter : System Overview


Chapter :Cabinet and Subrack

Chapter :Boards

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System Overview

OptiX BWS 1600G

Designed for ultra high capacity optical backbone transmission network.

It allows to transmit 160 channels simultaneously, with maximum of 10Gbit/s data rate, over single strand of optical

fiber.

C-band and L-band are provided .


C band:192.10THz-196.05THz(1529.16nm-1560.61nm) L band:186.95THz-190.90THz(1570.42nm-1603.57nm)

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The position of OptiX BWS 1600G system in an optical transmission network


OptiX BWS 1600G OptiX OSN 9500

160 channels

32 channels

Backbone Layer
OptiX BWS 320G

OptiX BWS 1600G

OptiX Metro 3100

OptiX Metro 6100

OptiX Metro 6100

OptiX 10G

STM-16

32 channels STM-64

Tandem Layer

OptiX 2500+

OptiX Metro 6100

OptiX Metro 6100 OptiX 10G

OptiX 155/622 OptiX 2500+ OptiX 2500+ STM-16 STM-4

OptiX Metro 500/1000 STM-4/1

OptiX 155/622 STM-4/1

OptiX 155622H OptiX Metro 3000

Access Layer
STM-4/1 OptiX Metro 500/1000

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Equipment Technical Features


Ultra capacity with high accuracy
Smooth capacity expansion Multi-rate and multi-service access Long haul transmission Timing signal transmission Uniform intelligent network management system

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High Efficient Multi-service Access

10G 10G 2.5G LWF 2.5G TWC 10G 4X2.5G 2GE 34M~2.5G arbitrary bit rate 155M/622M/2.5G configurable OCU 2.5G LDG LWX LWM

DWDM

Multiple interfaces available for various applications


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Types of 1600G System


Types
OptiX BWS 1600G-I OptiX BWS 1600G-II OptiX BWS 1600G-III OptiX BWS 1600G-IV OptiX BWS 1600G-V OptiX BWS 1600G-VI (LHP)

Channel spacing
50GHz 100GHz

Characteristics of five types of systems


Scalable 1600G system, support long haul and large capacity transmission. 80 channel system(40 channels in C-band and 40 channels in L-band), each channel can carry up to 10Gbps, Maximum capacity is 800Gbps. 40 channels in C-band, each channel can carry up to 10Gbps, Maximum capacity is 400Gbps For G.653 fiber, mainly be used in L-band. 40 channels in C-band, each channel can carry up to 2.5Gbps, Maximum capacity is 100Gbps 40 channels in C-band, each channel can carry up to 10Gbps, Maximum capacity is 400Gbps 10 channels in C-band, each channel can carry up to 10Gbps, Maximum capacity is 100Gbps
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100GHz 100GHz 100GHz

100GHz 200GHz

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Contents

Chapter : System Overview

Chapter :Cabinet and Subrack


Chapter : Boards

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Chapter 2 Cabinet and Subrack

Section 1 Cabinet
Section 2 Sub-rack Section 3 DCM and HUB Section 4 ODF Sub-rack

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Cabinet Structure

Cabinet Dimension
A. 2200 (H) X 600 (W) X 300 (D) B. 2600 (H) X 600 (W) X 300 (D)

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Structure of Cabinet
Cabinet Description
1. 2. 3. Back plate Fiber channels Back support

4.
5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Front support
Sliding protection plate Fiber-blocking plate Frames for DCM & HUB (including front cover plate) Sub-rack Power box

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Power Box

1 2&3 4&5 6&7

OPU board Main power switches Power ground Input -48V/-60V Input

13 14 15 16

Mute Switch RUN & ALM Indicators PMU Board Subrack Com Interface

8,9,10
11

U, M, L subrack Switches
Hub Switch

17
18

ALM Interface
Power Output

12

TEST Switch

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Protection Grounds
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The Functions of Power Box

PMU

Over-voltage Protection
Under-voltage Protection

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Chapter 2 Cabinet and Subrack

Section 1 Cabinet

Section 2 Sub-rack
Section 3 DCM and HUB Section 4 ODF sub-rack

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Sub-rack Structure
Sub-rack Description 1. Interface Area

2. Air damper
3. Ventilation Tunnel 4. Board Area 5. Fiber Spool 6. Fiber Outlet Area 7. Fan Tray (with air filter ) 8. Front Door 9. Hook

Max. power consumption: 650W (when fully-loaded)


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Board Area in Sub-rack

13 Slots in sub-rack, Slot 7 for SCC/SCE Board, Fibers outlet from board panel,

Fiber Connector: LC/PC


IU1~IU6, IU8~IU13:38mm wide IU7:24mm wide

U U U U U U S U U U U U U 1 2 3 4 5 6 C 8 9 1 1 1 1 C 0 1 2 3 / S C E
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Sub-rack Interface Area

1. ETHERNET1 5. OCU CLKIN 9. ALM 13.POWER2

2. ETHERNET2 6. F&f 10. F1 14. Power Filter

3.CLKIN 7. Serial1 11.OAM 15. Orderwire

4. CLKOUT 8. Serial2 12. POWER1

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Air circulation in OptiX BWS 1600G subrack

Interface area

Air damper Air outlet

Board area

Air inlet and outlet should not be blocked; The cooling and ventilation system of OptiX BWS 1600G is very important;
Optical fiber wiring area Air inlet

Fan box

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Chapter 2 Cabinet and Subrack

Section 1 Cabinet

Section 2 Subrack
Section 3 DCM and HUB Section 4 ODF Cabinet

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DCM and HUB


DCM: Accommodate two DCMs at most, HUB: Accommodate 2 Hubs at most, Power is supplied to the Hubs from the power box. The 2 Hubs are used alone, they can not be cascaded.

1. 2.

DCM Frame Box

4. 5.

Hub Tray Hub

3.

DCM

6.

Fiber Fender
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Chapter 2 Cabinet and Subrack

Section 1 Cabinet

Section 2 Subrack
Section 3 DCM and HUB Section 4 ODF Cabinet

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ODF Cabinet

OptiX BWS 1600 system offers a optional ODF


cabinet. Optical fiber terminal unit is located at the left side of the cabinet. At most, four optical fiber terminals can be mounted. Each unit has 12 rows and 8 columns, so total of 96 flanges can be fixed.

1. Spool

2. Front door

3. Terminal unit

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Questions

1.Please describe the architecture of OptiX BWS 1600 System Cabinet.

2.What is the structure of OptiX BWS 1600G subrack?

3.Please describe the structure and function of OptiX BWS


1600G ODF cabinet.

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Contents

Chapter : System Overview

Chapter :Cabinet and Subrack


Chapter : Boards

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OTM Signal Flow-Transmitting Side


OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU

M40

C- EVEN ITL

DCM

C
OAU

SC1

M40

C-

ODD

MCA
M40

FIU L

L-

EVEN

ITL
M40

OAU

L-

ODD

DCM

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OTM Signal Flow-Receiving Side


OTU OTU
OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU
C-EVEN
D40
DCM

ITL
C-ODD
D40

OAU

SC1
RPA-L

MCA
L-EVEN
D40

FIU

RPA-C

L ITL
L-ODD
D40
DCM OAU

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OptiX BWS 1600GIII Signal Flow


DCM
1

C-EVEN OTU
40

D40

OAU

FIU

RPC

Client Side Signal

MCA
SC1/TC1 1 C-EVEN DWDM OAU FIU

OTU 40

M40/V40

DCM

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Chapter 4 Boards

Section 1 Optical Transponder Unit Section 2 OM/OD/OADM Unit Section 3 Amplifier Unit Section 4 Other Function Unit

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Optical Transponder Unit


Board Name LWF LWS LRF LRS RWF TWF TRF LWC Full Name STM-64 Transmit-receive Line Wavelength Conversion Unit with FEC Function STM-64 Transmit-receive Line Wavelength Conversion Unit with Enhanced FEC Function STM-64 Line Regenerating Wavelength Conversion Unit with FEC Function STM-64 Line Regenerating Wavelength Conversion Unit with Enhanced FEC Function STM-64 Receiving Optical Wavelength Unit with FEC Function STM-64 Transmitting Optical Wavelength Unit with FEC Function STM-64 Optical Transmitting Regenerator with FEC Function STM-16 Line Wavelength Conversion Unit System I,II,III,IV I,II,III,IV I,II,III,IV I,II,III,IV II,III II,III II,III II,III,V

TWC
TRC OCU LDG LWX

STM-16 Transmitting Optical Wavelength Conversion Unit


STM-16 Optical Transmitting Regenerator Quadruple STM-16 MUX STM-64 Optical Wavelength Conversion Unit with FEC 2Gigabit Ethernet Unit Arbitrary Bit Rate Wavelength Conversion Unit

II,III,V
II,III,V I,II,III,IV II,III,V II,III,V

LWM

Multi-rate Optical Wavelength Conversion Unit

II,III,V

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LWF

Performance & alarm monitoring

B1, J0

STM-64 Client side STM-64 Optical transponder module

G.692 DWDM side G.692

CPU

Mailbox

SCC

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LWF
STM-64 SDH signal
ITU-T G.692 compliant DWDM signal

the channel spacing of LWF board is 50GHZ or 100GHz


Support NRZ and super CRZ coding in the line. Error correction coding: Comply with the FEC encoding specified in ITU-T Recommendation G.709.

The B1, B2 and J0 bytes are monitored Automatic Laser Shutdown (ALS) function is controlled by NMS.

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LWF

OptiX BWS 1600G has two different types of LWF board, applicable to different systems: The LWF supporting optical power adjustment and wavelength lock functions is used in OptiX BWS 1600G-I and IV system, and L band of type

II system.
The LWF not supporting VOA and wavelength lock function is used in C band of OptiX BWS 1600G-II and III system. LRF (STM-64 Line Regenerating Wavelength Conversion Unit with FEC Function) , It is used in REG node.

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LWF
Category
LWF

Flash State Off Three times every other second Twice every other second

Description No alarm Critical alarm Major alarm

RUN ALM

Alarm indicator (Red)

Tx

Rx

Once every other second


Five times per second Once every two seconds Running indicator (Green) Once every four seconds (2 seconds on and 2 seconds off)

Minor alarm
Not in service In service The communication with SCC unit is interrupted, and is in off-line working state

IN OUT

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List of LWF board alarms


Alarm FEC-LOF Description Loss of receive FEC frame Received FEC frame is out of frame No board software Causes 1. Receiving signal deteriorated 2. Remote station transmitting signals do not have FEC frame structure 1. Receiving signal deteriorated 2. Remote station transmitting end problem Software is not loaded on the board Red indicator flashes Three times every other second Three times every other second Three times every other second Three times every other second Alarm category Critical

FEC-OOF

Critical

NO-BD-SOFT

Critical

R-LOS

Loss of signals at receiving end

1. The optical fiber is broken 2. The attenuation of optical path is too high 3. Fault occurs in the transmitting part of remote end

Critical

IN-PWRLOW
IN-PWRHIGH BD-STATUS

Input power too low


Input power too high Board is not in the position

1. Input optical power is too low 2. The attenuation is too large


1. Input optical power is too high 2. Proper attenuation is not added No board in slot, board mailbox faulty or board is not properly inserted
Security Level: Internal

Twice every other second


Twice every other second Twice every other second

Major
Major Major 37

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LWS
Features:

LWS can carry out the wavelength conversion in two directions. The implementation of EFEC gives high quality transmission and longer haul transmission without any electrical regenerator than FEC,

It converts the client side signal to the G.692-compliant standard wavelength optical signal,

Channel spacing: the channel spacing of LWS board is 50GHZ

or 100GHz.

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OCU
STM-16(A) STM-16(B) STM-16(C) STM-16(D) STM-16(A) STM-16(B) STM-16(C) STM-16(D) G.692 STM-64 4:1 Encoding

1:4

STM-64

Decoding

Serv ice processing module

Control processing module External 2M clock input

Clock processing module

2M clock output

OCU board is quadruple STM-16 MUX STM-64 optical wavelength conversion unit with FEC.

The channel spacing of OCU board is 50GHz or 100GHz.


The B1, B2 and J0 bytes are monitored to help locating the fault .
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OCU
OCU board performance parameters include:

B1 error counting and B2 error counting.

OCU
RUN ALM

Output/input optical power, laser bias current, laser cooling


current, laser working temperature and ambient temperature monitoring.

IN OUT

Name
Tx1 Tx2 Tx3 Tx4

Connector type LC LC LC LC

Description
Connected with D40/MR2, receive DWDM signal. Connected with M40/MR2, transmit DWDM signal. Connected with customer equipment, transmit SDH signals to external equipment. Connected with customer equipment, receive signals from external equipment.

IN OUT
Rx1 Rx2 Rx3 Rx4

Tx1~Tx4 Rx1~Rx4

OCU can be inserted in slot: 1~5, 8~12, If OCU board needs external clock, it shall be inserted in slot 12/10/8/5/3/1 in turn.

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LWC
Performance & alarm monitoring B1, J0

STM-16 Client side (G.957) STM-16 Optical transponder module

G.692 DWDM side G.692

CPU

Mailbox

SCC

The channel spacing of the board is 100GHz, It is mainly used in


system V with only the channel rate of 2.5G.

B1 error counting, B2 error counting. Automatic Laser Shutdown (ALS) function is controlled by NMS. TRC is used for electrical regeneration.
Security Level: Internal

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LDG
Performance & alarm monitoring B1, J0

GE1 Client side GE2 GE1 GE2 CPU Optical transponder module

STM-16 DWDM side (G.692) STM-16

Mailbox

SCC

The 2 Gigabit Ethernet unit, multiplexes 2 GE (Gigabit Ethernet) channels into one ITU-T G.692-compliant STM-16 optical signal for DWDM transmission. It provides two GE optical interfaces (IEEE 802.3z compliant) at the client side. the channel spacing of the board is 100GHz.

In REG station, TWC is used as the regenerating board of LDG.


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LDG

LDG

Name
RUN ALM

Connecto Description r type


LC LC LC Connected with D40/MR2 board, receive DWDM signal. Connected with M40/MR2 board, transmit DWDM signal. Connected with GE customer equipment, transmit IEEE 802.3z standard signal. Connected with GE customer equipment, receive IEEE 802.3z standard signal.

IN1, IN2 OUT1, OUT2 Tx1~Tx2

OUT1 OUT2

IN1 IN2

Rx1 Tx1 Rx2 Tx2

Rx1~Rx2

LC

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LWX

Functions and features:

LWX receives arbitrary rate signal (34Mbit/s~2.5Gbit/s) at


1280~1565nm and converts it into standard wavelength DWDM signal in compliance with ITU-

LWX can satisfy the access of non-common service, such as PDH (34M, 45M, 140M optical interface), ESCON (200M), Fiber Channel (1.6G).

the channel spacing of the board is 100GHz. It can be used in the system with channel spacing as 100GHz, such as OptiX BWS 1600G system II, III and V.
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LWM

Functions and features:

LWM supports the wavelength conversion for three signal


rates: STM-1/OC-3, STM-4/OC-12 and STM-16/OC-48, and supports SDH/SONET and various concatenated services.

the channel spacing of the board is 100GHz. LWM board provides B1 monitoring .

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Other OTUs
To guarantee the compatibility,we can adopte the universal wavelength conversion boards in other DWDM system.

TWF:STM-64 Transmitting OTU Board with FEC Function RWF:STM-64 Receiving OTU Board with FEC Function TRF:STM-64 Regenerator OTU Board with FEC Function.

Notes:

Different Error correction coding; TRF can be used on the electrical regenerator equipment corresponding to OCU. LGS: convert one GE and one STM-1/4 into STM-16 LQS: convert four low-rate SDH signal into STM-16
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Chapter 4 Board Unit

Section 1 Optical Transponder Unit Section 2 Optical Multiplex/Demultiplex/Add/Drop Unit

Section 3 Amplifier Unit Section 4 Other Function Unit

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Optical Multiplex/Demultiplex/Add/Drop Unit In OptiX BWS 1600G System,We will study

Optical multiplexing/ demultiplexing unit (OM/OD)

M40 V40 D40 MR2

40-channel Multiplexing Unit 40-channel Multiplexing Unit with VOA 40-channel Demultiplexing Unit 2-channel Add/Drop Unit

I,II,III,IV,V I,II,III,V I,II,III,IV,V I,II,III,IV,V

Optical add/drop unit (OADM)

MB2

Expandable 2-Channel Optical Add/Drop Multiplexing Board

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M40
Optical inputs

1 2 MUX 40 Optical module Electrical module Control and communication circuit Splitter

OUT MON

SCC

M40 can multiplex 40 optical wavelengths at most. According to the


working wavelengths and channels, M40 is available in four types, called C-ODD, C-EVEN, L-ODD and L-EVEN accordingly.

channel spacing of the M40 board is 100GHz.


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M40

A dedicated monitoring port (MON) is provided; Support optical power detecting and the alarms &

performance reporting.
M40

RUN ALM

Performance events of M40 include:

total output optical power, AWG heating/cooling current, AWG


Name M01~M40

MON OUT M01 M02 M03 M04 M05 M06

working

temperature

and

environmental

temperature of board.
M07 M08 M09 M10 M11 M12 M13 M14 M15 M16 M17 M18 M19 M20 M21 M22

Description Connected with OUT port of 40 OTUs, receives 40 channels corresponding signals Connected with ITL or OAU, transmits multiplexed signal. Connected with MCA, accomplishes online monitoring of optical spectrum.
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M23 M24 M25 M26 M27 M28 M29 M30 M31 M32 M33 M34 M35 M36

OUT
M37 M38 M39 M40

MON

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M40--Alarms
Red indicator flashes Three times every other second Alarm category Critical

Alarm MUT-LOS

Description Loss of multiplex signal

Causes 1. Output optical power detecting circuit is faulty or board failed 2. or too high line attenuation No board in slot, board mailbox faulty or board is not properly inserted Too high output optical power Too low output input optical power

BD-STATUS

Board is not in the position Output optical power of main path is too high Output optical power of main path is too low

Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second

Major

SUM-OUTPWR-HI

Major

SUM-OUTPWR-LOW

Major

FPGA-ABN

FPGA status is abnormal

1. Main FPGA is not present when board is started 2. Main FPGA loading fail
Ambient temperature crosses threshold

Twice every other second

Major

TEMP-ALARM

Temperature alarm

Once every other second

Minor 51

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V40
Difference between V40 and M40:

V40=VOAAWG. V40 is a multiplexing unit with built-in variable optical

attenuator.

V40 is used only for C-band, and is available in two types i.e. C-ODD and C-EVEN.

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D40
MON Input Splitter
40 output

DMUX Optical module Electrical module SCC Control and communication circuit

signals

D40 is 40-channel optical demultiplexer unit. Similar to M40, it is available in 4 types according to the working wavelengths, called C-ODD, C-EVEN, L-ODD and L-EVEN

AWG Type, Channel spacing: 100GHz. Support optical power detecting and the alarms & performance reporting.

A dedicated monitoring port (MON) is provided.


Security Level: Internal

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D40
Name
D40

Description Connected with IN port of 40 OTUs, transmits 40 channels corresponding signals to OTUs Connected with ITL or OAU, receives multiplexed signal. Connected with MCA, accomplishes online monitoring of optical spectrum.

D01~D4 0
RUN ALM

IN MON

MON IN D01D02 D03 D04 D05D06

D07 D08 D09 D10 D11D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20 D21 D22

D23D24 D25D26 D27D28 D29 D30 D31 D32 D33D34 D35D36

Performance events of M40 include:

total output optical power, AWG heating/cooling current,


D37D38 D39 D40

AWG

working

temperature

and

environmental

temperature of board.
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MB2

D01

D02

MRO

IN OUT OADM optical module CPU

BMO BMI

Mailbox A01 A02 MRI

SCC

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MR2
A02 D01 A01 MI IN OADM D02 MO OUT

An MR2 board can add/drop two service channels with 100GHz channel spacing.

In type I, II, III and V system, MR2 board can add/drop channel in C-band; in type IV system, MR2 will add/drop service channel in L-band.

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MR2

Interfaces:
Name Description

A01~A02
MR 2

Connected with OTU, receive (add) accessing channel at home station Connected with OTU, transmit (drop) service channel to local station Input/output from main DWDM path i.e. connected with ITL Cascading input/output interface of MR2

D01~D02
RUN ALM MON

IN/OUT MI/MO

A01

A02

Alarms
D 01 D 02

Alarm MUT-LOS

Description Loss of multiplex signal

Causes 1. Output optical power detecting circuit is faulty or board failed 2. Fiber is not connected or the connection is poor No board in slot, board mailbox faulty or board is not properly inserted Ambient temperature crosses threshold
Security Level: Internal

Red indicator flashes Three times every other second

Alarm Level Critical

OU T MO

IN

MI

BDSTATUS TEMPALARM
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Board is not in the position Temperature alarm

Twice every other second Once every other second

Major

Minor 57

Chapter 4 Board Unit

Section 1 Optical Transponder Unit Section 2 Optical Multiplex/Demultiplex/Add/Drop Unit

Section 3 Amplifier Unit Section 4 Other Functional Unit

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Optical Amplifier Unit

OptiX BWS 1600G offers a few types of optical fiber amplifiers:


OAU/OBU/OPU

-Erbium-Doped optical Fiber Amplifier (EDFA)

RPA/RPC/RPL
-Raman optical fiber amplifier

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Erbium-Doped optical Fiber Amplifier


C-band: OAU, OBU, OPU L-band: OAU, OBU

OAU-CG and OAU-LG: when only the EDFA used in the system.

OAU-CR and OAU-LR


If Raman amplifier is installed together with EDFA

OBU board can also be classified in C band and L band.

OPU can amplify C-band 80 channels.

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OAU
IN OUT
EDFA optical module

MON

Control and communication module

SCC

An

OAU (line amplifier) consists of PA (pre amplifier) and BA (booster amplifier), An external DCM (dispersion compensation module) can be attached in between these two amplifiers. OBU just have one BA module.

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OAU
Functions:

It can amplify 80 optical channels simultaneously, with 50GHz channel spacing.

It can enable the full-band optical amplification of C and L bands by using different types of OAU. The gain provided by OAU board can be adjusted continuously, and the typical gain is respectively 23dB, 28dB, and 33dB;

For the provision of gain-locking function;


Provide gain flatness function.
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OAU
L-band OAU
a gain shift erbium-doped fiber amplifier (GS-EDFA) is being used in L band in type I system. Features:

It is a high-density, low loss special erbium-doped fiber. the erbium-doped optical fiber can work in stable working

temperature, ensuring the stable gain curve and gain flatness of L-band signal. The pump power for different wavelengths in L-band is far lager than that in C-band.
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OAU
Red indicator flashes
Three times every other second

Alarm
MUL-LOS

Description
Loss of multiplex signals

Causes
1. Output optical power detecting circuit is faulty or board failed 2. Fiber is not connected or the connection is poor
1. Pump laser is aged 2. Input optical power is too high 3. A/D detect circuit failed 1. Input power is too low, maybe the too big attenuation is added 2. Line attenuation is too large 1. Environmental temperature is high 2. Laser cooling equipment is faulty

Alarm category
Critical

OA-LOW-GAIN

The gain of optical amplifier is lower

Three times every other second Twice every other second

Critical

IN-PWR-LOW

Input optical power is too low

Major

PUMP-TEMPALM

Pump temperature crosses threshold

Twice every other second

Major

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Raman Amplifier (RPA)


SYS LINE Raman pump source module MON

Control and communication module

SCC

Optical fiber Raman amplifier is used at the receiving end of DWDM system to amplify optical signals. OptiX BWS 1600G facilitates the network operators with three types of Raman amplifiers including RPC, RPL and RPA.

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Raman Amplifier (RPA)

The gain of Raman amplifier is 10dB. Used with appropriate


EDFA, it enables the flatness of system gain to be less than 2dB, so the noise figure will be greatly reduced.

In the OptiX BWS 1600G system, fiber Raman amplifier is always used with the EDFA amplifier.

Provides pump power automatic locking, receive control command to switch on/off pump source, divide signal light, report various performances and alarms, and enable pump laser protection.

Raman amplification requires a strong light source (pumping).


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Raman Amplifier (RPA)


Na m e
RPA
RPC
RPL

Connect or type
E2000/AP C E2000/AP C E2000/AP C LC
E2000/APC

Description
Connected with optical fiber line, receive remote signals (other station) Extended interface of RPC, connected with RPL so that full band transmission can be realized Connected with FIU, transmit amplified signals to the local equipment Connected with MCA
RPL output, connected with RPC

LINE EXT

RUN ALM

RUN ALM

RUN ALM

LINE

OUT

SYS MON

EXT

OUT

LINE

SY S MON

SY S MON

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Raman Amplifier (RPA)


Alarm
OUT-PWR-HIGH

Description
Output power is too high

Causes
1. Laser driving circuit failure 2. Detecting circuit failure

Red indicator flashes


Twice every other second

Alarm category
Major

OUT-PWR-LOW

Output power is too low

1. Laser driving circuit failure 2. Detecting circuit failure


1. Environmental temperature is high 2. Laser cooling equipment is faulty 1. Environmental temperature is very high 2. Laser is aged Power failure or power is off Chip register damaged No board in slot, board mailbox faulty or board is not properly inserted
Security Level: Internal

Twice every other second

Major

PUMP-TEMP-ALM

Pump temperature crosses threshold Laser cooling current crosses threshold Board power failure alarm Write/read register failed Board is not in the position

Twice every other second

Major

PUMP-COOL-ALM

Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second

Major

POWER-FAILURE W-R-FAILURE BD-STATUS

Major Major Major

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Chapter 4 Board Unit

Section 1 Optical Transponder Unit Section 2 Optical Multiplex/Demultiplex/Add/Drop Unit

Section 3 Amplifier Unit Section 4 Other Functional Unit

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Other Functional Unit


In this part,we will learn

SC1/SC2TC1/TC2 OCPOLPSCS

Optional part,including
MCA VA4

DCM
ITL FIU
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SC1/SC2
SCC Optica l supervisory signal Receiving module Optical supervisory signal

Overhead processing module

Transmitting module

CPU

SCC Mailbox

The supervisory board is mainly monitors the optical channels, collects


and transmits the orderwire & NM information.two different types of boards are used, named SC1 & SC2.

SC1 is a single-directional optical supervisory channel unit, used in OTMs. SC2 is dual-directional supervisory channel unit, used in OLA, REG, and OADM.
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SC1/SC2
Features:

SC1/SC2 board is independent from the main control board;

SC1/SC2 is transmitted in sections, with 3R function.


The signal wavelength of supervisory channel in OptiX BWS 1600G system I, II, III and V is 1510nm, while the wavelength of supervisory signal in system IV is 1625nm.

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SC1/SC2

SC1

SC2

RUN ALM

RUN ALM

Name
TM1/TM2 RM1/RM2

Connector type
LC LC

Description
Connected with FIU, to transmit supervisory channel Connected with FIU, to receive supervisory channel

TM

RM

TM1 TM2

RM1 RM2

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SC1/SC2
Alarm
R-LOS

Description
Loss of signals at receiving end

Causes
1. The optical fiber is broken 2. The attenuation of optical path is too high 3. Fault occurs in the transmitting part of remote end Input optical power is too low or excessive bit errors. Software is not loaded on the board 1. Input optical power is too low 2. The attenuation is too large 1. Input optical power is too high 2. Proper attenuation is not added Optical transmitting module fault or wrong optical module parameters setting Optical transmitting module fault or wrong optical module parameters setting 1. Loop command is in execution for the sake of media testing 2. Auto-execution of loop by board for testing

Alarm indicator flashes


Three times every other second

Alarm category
Critical

R-LOF NO-BD-SOFT IN-PWR-LOW IN-PWR-HIGH OUT-PWRHIGH OUT-PWRLOW LOOP-ALARM

Loss of frame at receiving end No board software Input power too low Input power too high Output power too high

Three times every other second Three times every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Once every other second

Critical Critical Major Major Major

Output power too low

Major

Indication of loop in operation

Minor

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TC1/TC2
TC1/TC2, not only accomplishes the supervisory channel processing function, but also provides the clock transmission function

Provide 3-channel E1 clock service add/drop, and provide electrical interface for the external synchronous signal and synchronous equipment timing source. Clock interface 2048kbit/s or 2048kHz .

Provide equipment-level 1+1 board protection, and double


optical wavelength redundancy protection. Supervisory information and clock signals are transmitted in both 1510nm

and 1625nm.
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SCC
To other boards DCC interface Control logic & mailbox C P U Orderwire phone

Data communication network

NM

Memory

it accomplishes all the management functions and is responsible for the


communication between the equipment and network management system. It implements the orderwire overhead processing as well.

The only difference of SCE with the SCC lies in its absence of orderwire overhead processing function .

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SCC

SCC

Name
RST ALC

Description
Reset button for board resetting Alarm switch is used to activate or deactivate the alarm buzzer which located at the top of the Cabinet

RUN ALM ETN

SCC can be inserted in slot: 7

RST

ALC

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SCC
Alarm indicator flashes
Three times every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Once every other second

Alarm
NESTATE-INSTALL

Description
NE is in being installed

Alarm category
Critical

FAN-FAIL POWER-FAIL CFGVERIFY BD-STATUS TEMP-ALARM

Fan failure Power fail Configuration is not verified Board is not in the position Temperature crossed the threshold

Major Major Major Major Minor

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OCP
OUT1 OUT2 OUT8 TP RP IN8 IN2 IN1

Client side

RX1 RX2 Coupler Optical Tx module Optical Rx module Coupler

TX1 TX2
Client side

RX8 Optical sw itch Optical sw itch

TX8

Control circuit

SCC

Mailbox

CPU

Control circuit module

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OCP

Features:
The function of OCP (optical channel protection) board is to

protect OTU wavelength channel to Ensure uninterrupted service channel transmission.

The OCP board is usually placed in between OTU and SDH

equipment accessed. OCP board provides 1:8 OTU protection.


APS The

(automatic protection switch) protocol is involved in 1:8 OTU protection.

whole switching process is completed within 200ms.

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OLP
splitter C+L FROM FIU splitter splitter PIN to control circuit PIN splitter C+L TO FIU 1 x 2 optical sw itch splitter splitter FROM FIU C+L PIN to control circuit PIN 1 x 2 optical sw itch TO FIU C+L

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OLP

OLP

RUN

Name
T/R T01/T02

ALM

Connecto r type
LC LC

Description
Connected with FIU and access line signals Connected with both active/standby optical fibers to transmit at transmitting end

T01 R01

R01/R02

LC

Connected with both active/standby optical fibers to receive at receiving end

T02 T

R02 R

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OLP
Pw-34dBmPp-34dBm,OLP board will not generate protection switching; Pw-35dBmPp>-34dBm,OLP board will generate protection switching from the active fiber to the standby fiber; Pw>-34dBmPp-35dBm,OLP board will generate protection switching from the standby fiber to the active fiber; Pw>-35dBm,Pp>-35dBm

i|Pw-Pp|5dB ,services will be switched to the fiber with larger


optical power ii3dB|Pw-Pp|<5dB ,No switching occurs, but corresponding alarm is reported. iii|Pw-Pp|<3dB, It means that both active and standby fibers are in normal status
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SCS
Sync optical channel separator (SCS) board helps in providing system protection at optical path and OTU level :

No need the support of protocol, and it executes switching by detecting


SD and SF events of the channel.

When LOS, B1-EXC alarms are reported, the system triggers the automatic switching process.
Active path Tx Tx
SCS

Rx Rx
SCS

Rx Rx Redundant path

Tx Tx
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MCA
1 2 .. . 8 Optical spectrum analysis module

Driving/ control circuit

CPU

Mailbox

SCC

MCA (Multi-channel spectrum analyzer unit) facilitates with built-in it can supervise central wavelength, power, OSNR and other parameters

online spectrum analysis and supervisory function.

of optical signal for 8 channels.

MCA board accesses the signals to be tested, from monitoring ports

(MON) located at M40, V40, D40, OAU and FIU etc.


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VA4

Features:

VA4 board is used for optical power adjustment and


equalization.

One VA4 can process four optical channels. It drives the

variable optical attenuator according to the control command


sent by the SCC.

VA4 board is mainly used in OADM equipment. It is also located before M40 to achieve the power adjustment of the accessed optical power signals.

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DCM
Features:

It uses negative dispersion slope to compensate the positive

dispersion of transmitting fiber, so as to maintain the original


shape of the signal impulse.

DCM is installed between PA and BA of optical amplification unit of OTM, OADM and OLA equipment.

a DCM unit is classified in C & L band DCMs. Typical compensation distance are 20km 40km 60km 80km100km

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ITL
Features:

ITL board is only used in OptiX BWS 1600G-I and II system, multiplexing/demultiplexing the odd channels and even channels.

The optical module comprises two interleavers, converges ODD and


EVEN channels to one stream with 50GHz channel spacing and sends to FIU board.
ODD D40 100GHz 50GHz TO EVEN D40 TE Interleaver IN OAU

ODD M40 RO RE EVEN M40 100GHz ITL Interleaver OUT 50GHz OAU

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FIU
FIU (Fiber Interface Unit) is located in front of the supervisory channel board and behind the amplifier unit in OptiX BWS 1600G system.

FIU has four types of different specifications:


the first type FIU-I board is only used in the system needing clock protection (1625nm protection wavelength).

The second type FIU-II is only applicable in the 1600G system without clock protection.

The third type FIU-III only supports the multiplexing/demultiplexing of C band and supervisory signals (1510nm). The board components are then reduced and

the cost is saved. It is used in C band 400G/100G system (System III, V).

The fourth type FIU-IV only supports the multiplexing/demultiplexing of L band and supervisory signals (1625nm), applied in the 400G system of L band (i.e., system IV).
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FIU-I
FIU-I receives main channel signal from optical fiber through IN interface, then divides it into C and L bands signals. C band signal is

further processed to extract the optical supervisory channel (1510nm)


and L band signal is further processed to extract the protective optical supervisory channel (1625nm)
TMB TM 1625nm TC TL WDM 1510nm WDM C-band L-band C/L WDM IN

RL RC

WDM WDM 1625nm

L-band C-band C/L WDM splitter OUT MON

FIU-II board is used. Two WDM optical couplers can be omitted in L band, both at transmitting and receiving ends.

1510nm

RMB

RM

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FIU-III
FIU-III board used in C band 400G system only includes two WDM components, multiplexing/demultiplexing the C band signal and

supervisory signal in the transmitting and receiving directions respectively.

TM 1510nm C-band

TC

EAST

WDM

IN

LINE WEST
WDM
splitter

FIU-IV board used in L band 400G system only includes two WDM components, multiplexing/demultiplexing the L band signal and supervisory signal in the transmitting and receiving directions respectively.

RC

C-band

OUT MON

1510nm

RM

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Name
TC/TL
FIU
FIU
FIU

Description
Connected with OAU, transmit C/L band channels

RUN

RUN

RUN

RC/RL

Connected with OAU, receive C/L band channels

ALM

ALM

ALM

IN/OUT
MON
MON
MON

Connected with fiber


Transmit/Receive supervisory channel over 1510nm

TM/RM

IN OUT TC RC

IN OUT TC RC

IN OUT TC RC

TMB/RMB

Transmit/Receive backup supervisory channel over 1625nm Connected with MCA

MON
TM RM

TL RL TM RM

TL RL TM RM

TMB RMB

From left to right:FIU-IFIU-IIFIU-III


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