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Test Apparatus

Manufacturing and Test
Structures, Layout and Monitoring for PON-
Solar Desalination Cell
G. Rogers 090407
World View Water

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Table of Contents
First Test Unit
Cell Image 3
Test Environment Image 4
Cell Water Production 5
Test Configuration 6
Instrumentation 7
Data and Notes 8-9
Summary of First Test 10
Upcoming Test Progress and Plans
Site Layout 11-12
Site Use Authority Memo 13
Goals and Timeline 13
Unit Instrumentation 14-15
General Summary
Safety 16
Reliability 17
Assessors 18

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First Test Unit

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First Test Unit 10/26/08 with

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10/26/08 12:45 PM

No Heavy
Condensation Condensation

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Test Apparatus Configuration
Schematic Representation

Fresh Water

Sea Water
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Test Equipment
Unit under
Test X005      
Test Manufacturer/Mod
Equipment Units
Temperatur Resolution el/ Serial Number
e And .1
Relative Fahrenheit La Crosse/WS-
Humidity Degree, 1% 7220U-IT/(Non
  meter RH serialized)
  Gram Scale .1 Grams serialized)

  Yard Sticks 1/16 Inch  

Horizontal Qualitative
  Level (bubble)  
Configurati (See Slide 6 of
on     this file)

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Test Data and Notes
(Reconstructed from Manuscript)

Time (Fahrenheit) Relative humidity Notes
8:00 Ambient
conditions 59 44
Cell Internal conditions
8:10 No Reading No Reading First Sun contact on cell
8:13 62 46
Water introduced into cell channels partially filled under
8:40 65 49 siphon water column ~1.3" all valves full open
8:55 96.8 38
8:58 101.3 38
Flow terminated due to assembly leakage additional
9:08 112.1 35 Adhesive sealant and cure
9:18 122.7 35
9:25 125.7 34
9:34 No Reading No Reading Flow Resumed
9:36 131.9 35 Flow Intermittent Channels Partially filled
Added refrigerated seawater and added .25 inches of
9:51 OFL OFL water column by adjusting height of water clock
assembly leakage at drain lip: La Crosse in OFL Unit fails
to read out. Added 2 Gallons of sea water, reworked
water clock Source water at ~65 F. La Crosse in OFL Unit
10:05 OFL OFL fails to read out. Reprimed channel siphon.
Temperature and Humidity Meter Tests discontinued,
Reworked water clock clock, Source water at ~65 F, Prime
10:59 OFL OFL successful at 11:03, Flow Regular no leakage visible
Special note: I have seen the La Crosse unit Report
Temperatures inside the cell up to 162 F with no water
OFL OFL introduced and only weighted seal on external wall only:

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Test Data and Notes
(Fahrenheit) Relative Humidity Notes

Restricted saline effluent by partial shutdown of valve,

Water column +6.5 inches, Interior Cup Water Column ~1".
Channels nearly completely full flow rate constant at
approximately 1.5 drops per second, condensation visible
11:21 OFL OFL and specific to channel surface.
Channels full, Flow at ~1.5 Drops /second, interior head at
11:47 OFL OFL ~3"

Interior head at ~1.7" incoming water temp ~ 70, note

clear evidence of Counter current gradient functionality -
Drop size and frequency on channel opposite of spiral rap
12:00 OFL OFL count

Lowered Cell corner to promote drainage, Added one gallon

of rough filtered seawater at ~40 F and 1 gallon of
seawater at ~50 F, detected empty seawater effluent
channel at 1:21, reprimed. Started Volumetric collection at
1:15 OFL OFL 1:22. Effluent temp ~10 F above incoming (by hand)

Water production of approximately 1 gram at effluent

channel but significant evidence of freshwater collection
2:10 OFL OFL between walls of cell at fresh water effluent corner.
2:24 139.2 31
2:30 138.5 31 Shade on Cell, Test discontinued

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Summary of First Test
• The test demonstrated Proof-of-Concept by
showing systematic condensation on
prescribed location.
• Water column height was the single control
• No Moving Parts are in the system
• Cell is representative of multi-cell systems
• While production was low, with considerable
implementation difficulties the system still
allowed for demonstration of heat of
vaporization recapture in a simple system.
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Site Layout

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Dedicated Seawater Source Installed
on Site to Support Testing of World
View Water Products

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Start Memo to Use Site at MSI

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General Location and Sensor types
Sensor 1
Height Gage Float
Sensor 2
Incoming Water
Sensor 3
Dome Air
Sensor 4
Sensor 8 Central cup
Light Intensity Water Temperature
Sensor 9 Sensor 5
Ambient Temperature Out going Water
Sensor 7 Temperature
Out going salt Sensor 6
Water Mass Out going fresh Water
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Current Plans for Upcoming
Metrology Sensor Definitions
from Slide 14
•Sensor 1 height 0-10 centimeters in 1
millimeter increments
•Sensors 2,3,4,5, and 9 Temperature 0-110
C in .5 Degree increments
•Sensors 6 and 7 Mass 0-100 Grams in .1
gram increments
•Sensor 8 Light intensity Photovoltaic or

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Safety: Proposed Systems
•No exotic materials: Food Grade Materials Only
•No high voltage: Pumping Only
•No Moving Parts: Please refer to slide 14
•No high weights above thoroughfares
•Automated sensing and remote notification: Please refer to slide
•Structured to be secured against high wind and other natural
•Special Note: As a solar collector, high internal temperatures are
anticipated. Breech of enveloping insulation is required to access
these areas.
•Special Note: In the event that water flow is terminated, cooling is
discontinued, and given an extended period in the sun
deformations can occur that will focus high intensity light on areas
not intended to support it, temperatures may rise and ignition may
occur. This is planned for and multiple fire extinguishers will be
onsite at all times. Additionally, Flow Monitors will be linked to
paging systems manned at all times by World View Water Staff
and Security personnel who will be notified if flow stops.
Continuous video monitoring will be used by security and World
View Water Staff. Special monitored testing will be performed to
identify susceptibility to this condition in the course of the study.
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One of the primary goals of the present study as
shown in the timeline in the start memo, is to establish
product life and lifecycle including recyclability, failure
mechanisms, and means of remediation. The duration
that the systems have been run is far too short to establish
any formal reliability metrics, although I have personally
placed a facsimile of a cell in the elements and it showed
substantial integrity for over one year. Establishing
Techniques of effectively sealing the structural elements of
the system is a fundamental element of this primary goal.

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Data Assessed By
• Gordon Rogers
• Hugo Loaiciga
• World View Water Staff

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