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GENERATION OF HIGH VOLTAGE

GENERATION OF HIGH VOLTAGE

AC HV

DC HV

IMPULSE

HIGH FREQUENCY AC

POWER FREQUENCY AC

SHORT PERIOD IMPULSE

LONG PERIOD IMPULSE

Generation of HV DC
Half and Full wave rectifier circuits.
Voltage doubler circuit. Cockcroft-Walton voltage multiplier circuit.

Half wave rectifier

Full wave rectifier


Centre-tapped FW rectifier Bridge full wave rectifier

Voltage multiplier Cockcroft-Walton circuit


Named after the British and Irish physicists John Douglas Cockcroft and Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton. This circuit design was used to power the particle accelerator. CW multiplier gives an output voltage of more than one million volts and load current of 30 mA.

Video of CockcroftWalton generator

Generation of High Alternating Voltage


Cascade Transformer. Resonant Transformer.

Tesla coil(for high frequency AC).

Cascade Transformer
Transformers are used in cascade to achieve high voltage rating of range 100kV-1MV. Isolation transformers are used to provide galvanic isolation between stages of step-up transformers.

Tesla coil
High voltages of high frequency are generated.
The secondary voltage ranges between 500 to 1000kV.

The transformer used is air cored and usually immersed in oil.

Video of Tesla coil

Generation of Impulse voltage


Multistage Impulse generators-Marx circuit.

Impulse Generator
An IG is an electrical apparatus which produces very short high-voltage or high-current surges. High impulse voltages are used to test the strength of electric power equipment against lightning and switching surges.

Marx multistage Impulse generator


A Marx generator is an electrical circuit first described by Erwin Otto Marx. A number of capacitors are charged in parallel to a given voltage, and then connected in series by spark gap switches. Output voltage= V x N, V=voltage of each stage, N=number of stages.

Marx generator video

Electrostatic generators
Van de Graff generator
In electrostatic machines,charged bodies are moved against electrostatic fields,such that mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy.
Van de Graff generators,generate high voltage with low current.

Works on the principle of charge transfer.

Video of Van de Graff generator

Source:
www.youtube.com

www.hilaroad.com
www.rimstar.org

THANK YOU
Presented by:
Girish G MD Niyamath Khan Nishanth B.N

Guided By
Ms. B C Sujatha

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