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NGfL CYMRU GCaD

PLUMBING MATERIALS, PIPE BENDING AND PRESSURE TESTING

www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk

PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk

PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Pipes are used to connect various plumbing elements together, to form a plumbing system. www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk

PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Pipes are used in the supply of gas, drinking water, water in heating systems, and in drainage. Pipes can be made from plastic, copper, stainless steel, or cast iron.

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PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Pipes are colour coded to show what they carry. Underground gas pipes are yellow: inside a building, gas governors are also painted yellow. www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk

PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Water supply pipes can be blue in colour. Alternatively, copper pipes can be used for water supplies, but lead pipes cannot be used. The above picture shows a temporary water supply during a site redevelopment. www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk

PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Pipes for foul drains are coloured brown.

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PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Pipes carrying water to heat or cool a building, or that supply hot water, are heavily insulated. This reduces heat loss and energy costs. www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk

PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Connections between pipes can be made with compression fittings (shown below), or by soldering pipes together, as follows:-

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PLUMBING MATERIALS

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PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Wire wool is used to clean the ends of connectors (shown left) before pipes are soldered together.

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PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Flux is applied to prevent oxidisation of the surfaces.

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PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Pipe work is heated using a blow lamp. Solder is melted to a liquid with the blow lamp, and is used to weld connectors and pipes together. Once cooled, the solder returns to a solid, forming a watertight seal.

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PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Pipes are fixed in place using special brackets. Once pipes are joined, water can be run through them to pressure test the pipework.

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PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Lead sheet is used to make flashings around chimneys and flues.

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PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Components are joined together using oxyacetylene torch welding. www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk

PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Pipes are bent to shape using pipe bending tools. The series of images shown next show pipe being bent.
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PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk

PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

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PLUMBING MATERIALS

NGfL CYMRU GCaD

Pipework is earth bonded.

www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk