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Engineering Quality common problems Civil Work

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

The common problems of civil work


The type of problem
The strength of basement
1 The base of tower falls into crack 2The sustainable cement block is cracked 3The base of the tower settles

The standards of Quality


1The strength of the concrete should meet the design requirements. The strength after 28-day maintenance should not be less than C20. 2Cement, water, sand, gravel and additives for the concrete and mixing ration should meet the design requirements 3The base backfill records are complete and correct Check the appearance of the base: No concave, spongy surface, crack (crack on the surface 1mm), defects of appearance, etc.

Check method
1Rebound instrument 2check the delivery inspection report 3Check the records for the concealed project Visual measurement Tape measurement

The surface of base:


1 concave, spongy surface 2crack, defects of appearance

Design of civil work


1The support of tower base does not meet with the requirements 2The support of ladder does not meet with the requirements 3The rabbet of feeder does not meet with the requirements

All installation should meet the design requirements

Visual measurement Check against the drawing

Fence
1The spray paintcoating dont meet with the requirements 2No grounding

1The coating of the Fence component complies with the design and specifications requirements 2The spray paint of the Fence component complies with the design and specifications requirements
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Visual measurement Check the records for the concealed project

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

The strength of the concrete Cracked surface of the base


Suggestion: 1.Test the strength of the base; 2.If the strength meets the requirement, repair the base, otherwise rework. Problem: The cracked concrete probably shows the bad strength of the base.

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

The strength of the concrete The sustainable cement block is cracked


Problem: The sustainable cement block is cracked

Suggestion: 1.Test the strength of the base; 2.If the strength meets the requirement, repair the base, otherwise rework.

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

The strength of the concrete The base of tower settles


Suggestion: Repair the base and make sure the base is firm. Problem: The base of the tower are not rammed down with soil and sink

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

The surface of the base The defects of appearance


Suggestion: Remove the scratch and rework. Problem: The surface is uneven. Problem: Separation of the top layer from the base of the slab by a thin layer

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

The surface of the base Disintegration of the surface

Suggestion: 1.Repair 2.Pay attention to the curing duration 3. The step should be under the eave according with the design

Problem: Surface collapse

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

The surface of the base Spongy surface


Suggestion: 1.Test the strength of the base; 2.If the strength meets the requirement, repair the base, otherwise rework.

Problem: The surface is spongy.

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

The surface of the base Delamination


Suggestion: 1.Test the strength of the base; 2.If the strength meets the requirement, repair the base, otherwise rework. Problem: Separation of the top layer of the slab from the base of the slab by a thin layer

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

Design of civil work The support of ladder dont meet with requirements
Suggestion: Make a concrete base. Problem: The base is unstable.

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

Design of civil work The cable trough dont meet with requirements
Problem: The support of the trough is unstable.

Suggestion: Make a concrete base to support the trough.

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

Fence installation The spray paint of the Fence component dont meet with the requirements
Problem: The paint comes unglued.

Suggestion: Clean the bar and repaint.

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

Appendix1 Tower-Civil Work Checklist


Problem type Check Item
The examination records for the concealed project are complete and correctinclude 1The pit (ditch) examination records for the groundwork are complete and correct 2The examination records of steel bars are complete and correct 3The template records are complete and correct 4The concrete records are complete and correct 5The base backfill records are complete and correct

A B B B

The dimensions of tower base section should meet the design requirements, and the tolerance should be +15/-10mm
Check the smoothness of the tower base surface. The deviation should be 5mm Check the appearance of the base: No concave, spongy surface, crack (crack on the surface 1mm), defects of appearance, etc. The intensity of the concrete should meet the design requirements. The intensity after 28day maintenance should not be less than C20.

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

Appendix2 Shelter-Civil Work Checklist


Problem type
A

Check Item
The examination records for the concealed project are completeinclude The pit (ditch) examination records for the groundwork are complete The concrete records are complete Check the appearance of the base of the equipment room: No concave, spongy surface, crack (crack on the surface 1mm), defects of appearance, etc. The dimensions of base section of the equipment room should meet the design requirements, and the tolerance should be +15/-10mm Check the smoothness of the base surface of the equipment room. The deviation should be 5mm

A B

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

Appendix3 Transmission Room-Civil Work Checklist


Problem type
A A A B Brick laying records are complete Check that the dimensions and azimuth of the equipment room meet the design requirements Check the verticality of each wall. The allowable deviation is 10mm Smoothness of the surface (the allowable deviation for the cement mortar is 4mm; the allowable deviation for the terrazzo is 3mm; and the allowable deviation for the ground tile is 2mm)

Check Item

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Picture Case of Common Engineering Problem Civil Work

Appendix4 Solar energy-Civil Work Checklist


Problem type
A

Check Item
The concrete records are complete and correct

For the cement base on the floor: The distance to the floor, the intensity of the base and the level deviation should conform to the design requirements. The level deviation of the base should be no more than 3mm/m; For the overhead cement base:Check whether the installation holes match the equipment against the construction drawings. The level deviation of the platform should be no more than 3mm/m

The coating of the Fence component complies with the design and specifications requirements The spray paint of the Fence component complies with the design and specifications requirements

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