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TKT Unit 7:

Porntip Bodeepongse
What does Listening
• Making sense of meaningful sounds
of language by using context and
knowledge of language and of the
• Understanding spoken language,
which is different from written
Task 1:Discussion
What are the differences
between the spoken and
written language of
Written Language
 Stays on the page and doesn’t disappear.
 Uses punctuation and capital letters to show
 Consists of letters, words, sentences and
punctuation joined together into text.
 Has no visual support-except photos or picture
 Is usually quite well organized: sentences follow
one another in logical sequences and are joined
to previous or following sentences.
 Usually use quite exact vocabulary and more
complex grammar.
Spoken Language
 Disappears as soon as it is spoken.
Sometimes it is spoken fast and
sometimes slowly, with or without pause.
 Shows sentences and meaningful groups
of words through stress and intonation.
 Consists of connected speech, sentences,
incomplete sentences or single words.
 The speaker uses body language to
support his/her communication.
 Is not so well organized
 Often uses rather general vocabulary and
simple grammar.
To understand spoken language:
 The context the language spoken in
 Listener’s knowledge of the world
 Understand different kinds of spoken
text types
 Conversation—monologue, dialogue
 Stories
 Instructions, announcements
 Lectures
 Advertisements
To understand spoken language:
 Understand different speeds of speech
 Understand different accents
 The way we listen depends on our reason
for listening (listening sub-skills)
• Listening for gist
• Listening for specific information
• Listening for detail
• Listening for attitude
Task 2:
Match the instructions with the
ways of listening listed A-G.
Key concepts
 Ss should listen to many sources of
spoken language.
 In class Ss can’t see speaker’s body
language and the context s/he’s
speaking in.
 Ss need practice listening to both
simplified and authentic texts.
Key concepts (cont.)
 Focusing on different aspects of
• Problem sounds
• Features of connected speech
• Sub-skills
• New language
Pattern for listening activities:
1. Introductory activities:
• Introduction to the topic
• Activities focusing on the language of the
2. Main activities: activities developing
different listening sub-skills
3. Post-activities: activities relating the
text to Ss’ lives or give Ss’ opinions on
parts of the text