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A Seminar Report On Practical Training Undergone At

KOTA SUPER THERMAL POWER STATION


Submitted to

RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY


For the partial fulfilment of the requirement of the degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN (ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING) 2011 Submitted to: Er. Bharat Bhushan Jain (HOD of electrical Department) AIET Submitted By : Anil Singh B.Tech. IV year Roll No- 04 AIET

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ARYA INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY KUKAS, JAIPUR

INTRODUCTION OF KSTPS
In April 1973, Central Electricity Authority prepared a Project Report for power station comprising of the two units of each of capacity 110 MW The planning commission cleared the project report in Sept., 1976 for installation of two units each of 110 MW in first estimated cost of Rs. 143 Crores. These two units was manufactured by BHEL, Hyderabad.

SYNCHRONISING DATE OF UNITS


Stage
I II III

Unit No.
1 2 3 4 5

Capacity(MW)
110

Synchronising Date
17.1.1983

Cost(Rs. Crore)
143 480 480

110 210 210 210

13.7.1983 25.9.1988 1.5.1989 26.3.1994

IV
V

6
7

195
195

31.7.2003
30.5.2009

635
880

SALIENT FEATURE OF K.S.T.P.S

LOCATION CAPACITY A) 1ST Stage . B) 2nd Stage. C) 3rd Stage. D) 4th Stage E) 5th Stage. in Sept 2009).

Sakatpura, Kota. 1240MW 2x110 MW. 2x210 MW. 1x210 MW. 1x195 MW. 1x195 MW.(to be commissioned

SOURCE OF WATER. BOILER a) type b )No. of units. c) Max. efficiency. BHEL d) Capacity. e) Steam Pressure f) Steam Temp. g) No. of draft fans in boiler)

Chambal River.

water tube boiler. 6 (86.6 + 1) % 375 tonnes 1 Hr. 139 Kg./cm2 540oC i) FD fans 2 Units ( Each
ii) ID fan 2 Units ( Each boiler ).

h) No. of Air fans in Service.


i) Primary 2 Units. ii) Seal Air fan. 1 Unit. iii) Scanner. 1 Unit. i) No. of coal mills in service. 3 Units. j) No. of Soot blower in service 68

FUELS A) Coal. i) Type ii) Calorific Value. Stack Coal 4450 3074 tonnes 0.5%. Belt

K.Cal./Kg.

iii) Qty. Used. per day. iv) Ash contents. 40% v) Sulphur contents. vi) Type of Handling. Conveyor. vii) Type of disposal of Ash. a) Fly Ash. Wet b) Bottom Ash. Wet. B) OIL i) Type. ii) Qty. used.

HSD & Furnace Oil. As per requirement & draft conditions.

GENERAL LAYOUT AND BASIC IDEA


The conversion from coal to electricity takes place in three stages. Stage 1 The first conversion of energy takes place in the boiler. Coal is burnt in the boiler furnace to produce heat. Carbon in the coal and Oxygen in the air combine to produce Carbon Dioxide and heat. Stage 2 The second stage is the thermodynamic process. The heat from combustion of the coal boils water in the boiler to produce steam. In modern power plant, boilers produce steam at a high pressure and temperature. The steam is then piped to a turbine. The high pressure steam impinges and expands across a number of sets of blades in the turbine.

The impulse and the thrust created rotates the turbine. The steam is then condensed and pumped back into the boiler to repeat the cycle. Stage 3 In the third stage, rotation of the turbine rotates the generator rotor to produce electricity based of Faradays Principle of electromagnetic induction. Control system of station is based on Rankin Cycle.
To increase the heat economy and efficiency we use number of modification in the plant.

COMPONENTS OF STEAM POWER PLANT


Coal storage Coal handling plant Boiler Boiler furnace Super heater Economizer Air-Preheater Chimney Dust collector Induced draught fan

Forced draught fan Main valve Turbine Alternator Exciter Condenser Cooling tower Pumps Ash storage Ash handling plant

The Kota Super Thermal Power Station is divided into four main circuits: Fuel and Ash Circuit. Air and Gas Circuit. Feed water and Steam Circuit. Cooling Water Circuit.

BOILERS

A boiler is a closed vessel in which water or other fluid is heated. The heated or vaporized fluid exits the boiler for use in various processes or heating applications CLASSIFICATION
HORIZONTAL , VERTICAL & INCLINED FIRE TUBE & WATER TUBE

COMPONENTS:
SUPERHEATER AIRPREHEATER EVAPORATOR ECONOMISER DEAERATOR DESUPERHEATER

STEAM TURBINE

NOZZLE BLADE EFFICIENCY-86.6% STEAM PRESSURE-150 Kg/Cm2 STEAM TEMPERATURE : - 535-545 0C OPERATE ON RANKINE CYCLE

COAL HANDLING PLANT

The main coal sources for KTPS are SECL (South Eastern Coalfields Limited), ECL (Eastern Coalfield Limited) and BCCL (Bharat Coking Coal Limited). It costs approximate 2 crores of rupees per day including transportation expenses. coal is firstly unloaded from wagon by wagon triplers And then coal is crushed by crushers. And then coal is transformed to the boiler by magnetic pully.

COAL HANDLING BROADLY DIVIDE INTO THREE SECTIONS:

Wagon Unloading System. Crushing System. Conveying System.

ASH HANDLING PLANT


Fuel and Ash Plant. Air and Gas Plant. Ash Disposal and & Dust Collection Plant.

CONTROL ROOM

In control room various controls are provided simultaneously various measurement are made various relays are provided here.

220 KV SWITCHYARD
TO SYNCHRONIZE BETWEEN LOAD & GENERATOR PROVIDE CONSTANT,RELIABLE,CONSISTENT & NON FLUCTUATING POWER SUPPLY

COMPONENTS OF SWITCHYARD

BUSBARS LIGHTING ARRESTORS C.T. P.T. WAVE TRAP POWER TRANSFORMER INDICATING & METERING EQUIPMENTS ISOLATORS EARTHING SWITCHES C.B. RELAY
VACCUM TYPE,AIR C.B.,M.C.B.

o
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OTHER EQUIPMENTS Series Reactor Coupling capacitor Shunt capacitor

Thank you