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Panduan Singkat Problem RTWP

Prepared by SME Team

01 July 2013

Pengukuran RTWP
RTWP adalah salah satu kriteria pengukuran kualitas uplink channel

RTWP : Received Total Wideband Power (UE signal + UL interference) Dikenal juga sebagai UL RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indicator) RTWP = Measured RTWP - GAIN Faktor2 yang mempengaruhi RTWP: Air-interface signal (RTWP aktual yang diterima antenna) Feeder connection (RTWP aktual yang masuk ke TRX board) Internal parameter settings di TRX module (GAIN)

Note:

Apabila terdapat external amplification unit (e.g TMA), GAIN dari perangkat ini harus dimasukkan dalam perhitungan, sebagai channel attenuation.

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Setting standar untuk Attenuation di RX Branch


Cek keberadaan perangkat dual band combiner di site : No Combiner Site = 0
MO Parameter ID Parameter Name NE MML Command Meaning IsKey Mandatory Feature ID Feature Name Value Type GUI Value Range Enumeration Number/Bit Unit Actual Value Range Default Value Recommended Value RxBranch ATTEN Attenuation NodeB MOD RXBRANCH Indicates the attenuation of the RX channel of the RRU. NO NO None None Interval values 0~60 Not involved 0.5dB 0~30 0 When the TMA is not used, this parameter needs to be set to 0. When the 12 dB TMA is not used, this parameter needs to be set to 4 dB to 11 dB. When the 24 dB TMA is not used, this parameter needs to be set to 11 dB to 22 dB.

With Combiner Site = max 3 dB (GUI value 6)

Note : Ada 2 tipe dual band combiner yg digunakan di HCPT, yaitu Kathrein & Fingu.

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Problem Umum RTWP and Penyebabnya


Problem Type Problem Uplink Channel Problem Location Air-interface channel Related Problem External interference Description Space characteristics: regional external interference dan site interference Time characteristics: intermittent interference dan continuous interference Signal characteristics: inter-system interference Inter modulation interference, incorrect antenna dan feeder connection, faulty di antenna and feeder components dikarenakan poor antenna and feeder quality RF channel configurations : berefek ke RTWP di semua carrier dalam RF channel termasuk channel attenuation configuration, interconnection mode, distributed sector, and single-antenna/dual-antenna mode Carrier configurations: berefek ke RTWP di carrier tersebut termasuk initial RTWP value and desensitization intensity Hardware failure di RF module termasuk RF Unit Hardware Fault Akibat dari heavy traffic, version upgrade, feature deployment, interference antar neighboring cells

Antenna channel

Plumbing issues

Intra-TRX channel

Incorrect configurations

Hardware failure Problem Capacity Air-interface channel Service capacity problems

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Metode untuk Menemukan Problematic RTWP Cell


Pilih counter Vs.MinRTWP karena counter in yang paling objektif di antara 3 RTWP counters
(Vs.MinRTWP, Vs.MeanRTWP, Vs.MaxRTWP) Ambil low hour (3 AM) sebagai periode pengamatan Ambil nilai minimum Vs.MinRTWP dalam 7 hari di minggu yang sama Taruh threshold >-90 dBm untuk menyusun cell list

Contoh distribusi permasalahan RTWP yang ditemukan di network

Source:

Presentation title in footer

Huawei Confidential

01 July 2013

Cara Mengecek Configuration Problem dengan MML Command

Parameter
RF channel attenuation value RTWP Initial RTWP value RF desensitization value

MML
DSP RXBRANCH

Impact Range
Sector

Check Point or Recommended Value


Diset berdasarkanTMA installation and feeder connection. Umumnya, channel attenuation value = TMA gain-feeder loss Typical setting adalah 0. Typical setting adalah 0.

DSP RXBRANCH LST RRU

Cell Sector

Cell desensitization intensity


Interconnection mode Cell mode TMA gain value TMA mode Current status on the antenna port

DSP DESENS

Cell

Typical setting adalah 0.

LST SEC LST SEC DSP TMASUBUNIT DSP TMASUBUNIT DSP ANTENNAPORT

Sector Sector Sector Sector Sector

Diset berdasarkan physical connections and cek juga apakah hardware connection dalam kondisi normal Diset berbeda2 untuk single-antenna, dual-antenna, distributed scenarios Diset sesuai denganTMA specifications atau settable value. Umumnya, TMA mode adalah Normal. Umumnya, power switch ON.

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Alarm2 yang Terkait dengan Problem RTWP


No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Alarm Name ALM-26522 RF Unit RX Channel RTWP/RSSI Unbalanced ALM-26521 RF Unit RX Channel RTWP/RSSI Too Low ALM-26532 RF Unit Hardware Fault ALM-26752 ALD Hardware Fault ALM-26758 TMA Running Data and Configuration Mismatch ALM-26755 TMA Bypass ALM-26757 RET Antenna Running Data and Configuration Mismatch ALM-26541 ALD Maintenance Link Failure

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1. ALM-26522 RF Unit RX Channel RTWP/RSSI Unbalanced


Triggering condition: Apabila perbedaan antara RTWP main RX channel dana RTWP diversity RX channel melebihi 10 dB. Suggested handling procedure:

Antara main dan diversity channels, salah satu memiliki high RTWP dan lainnya normal. Clear alarm sesuai prosedur troublosehooting high RTWP. Main dan diversity channel memiliki high RTWP dan perbedaan keduanya melebihi 10 dB. Clear alarm sesuai prosedur troublosehooting high RTWP. Antara main dan diversity channels, salah satu memiliki low RTWP dan lainnya normal. Clear alarm sesuai prosedur troublosehooting high RTWP.

2. ALM-26521 RF Unit RX Channel RTWP/RSSI Too Low


Triggering cause: Apabila RTWP/RSSI RX channel di RF unit kurang dari -144 dBm. Suggested handling procedure:

Salah satu di antara main dan diversity channel memiliki low RTWP. Clear alarm sesuai prosedur troublosehooting low RTWP. Diversity channel memiliki low RTWP. Untuk indoor site, diversity channel umumnya tidak dikoneksikan ke antena. Apabila kedua RF modules berada di kabinet yang sama, RF interconnection mode bisa di-disable. Main channel memiliko low RTWP. Untuk indoor site, RX dan TX channels terpisah akibatnya tidak ada uplink signal di main channel.

3. ALM-26532 RF Unit Hardware Fault


Triggering cause: RF channel atau RX channel kemungkinan faulty, berakibat ke abnormal RTWP. Suggested handling procedure: Lakukan soft dan hard reset RF module, cek apakah alarm hilang. Jika tidak, ganti RF module

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4. ALM-26752 ALD Hardware Fault


Triggering Cause: TMA gain invalid. Suggested handling procedure: Replace TMA.

5. ALM-26758 TMA Running Data and Configuration Mismatch


Triggering cause: TMA gain inconsistent dengan configuration, berakibat ke abnormal uplink TMA gains and RTWP problems.
Suggested handling procedure: Reset gain TMA atau working mode TMA.

6. ALM-26755 TMA Bypass


Triggering cause: TMA gain is invalid. Suggested handling procedure: Cek apakah TMA faulty. Jika ya, replace TMA. Jika tidak, set working mode TMA ke normal mode.

7. ALM-26757 RET Antenna Running Data and Configuration Mismatch


Triggering cause: Tilt angle antenna inconsistent dengan configuration. Suggested handling procedure: Reset tilt angle antenna terkait.

8. ALM-26541 ALD Maintenance Link Failure


Triggering Cause: TMA maintenance links disconnected.

Suggested handling procedure: Cek TMA. Apabila maintenance links TMA tidak dapat di-restore, coba replace TMA.

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Cara Melakukan Pengecekan RTWP dengan LMT (sisi RNC)


RTWP Real Time User Number di Cell

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Cara Melakukan Pengecekan RTWP dengan LMT (sisi Node-B)

Petunjuk Setting

RTWP Real Time

Cell RTWP Tracing

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Contoh RX Scanning melalui Node-B LMT (WRFU locked, prosedur penyelidikan External Interference)

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Contoh UL Measurement Result Menggunakan Spectrum Analyzer (+ Drive Test, prosedur penyelidikan External Interference)

00 = -100.4 dBm

300 = -131.4 dBm

900 = -132.2 dBm

600 = -125.7 dBm

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Contoh skenario trial selama troubleshooting RTWP

Sector 2 WRFU Board A Jumper B Combiner C Feeder D Antenna

Sector 3 WRFU Board W Jumper X Combiner Y Feeder Z Antenna

Untuk mengecek Board and Combiner, swap titik B dan X lalu cek ulang nilai RTWP Untuk mengecek Combiner, swap titik C dan Y lalu cek ulang nilai RTWP

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01 July 2013