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Pakistan State Oil

PAKISTAN ENERGY SCENARIO & PSOS INITIATIVE

Presented by : Syed Nawaid Anjum Zaidi Deputy General Manager NBD-Alternate Energy Pakistan State Oil Pakistan State Oil 17th February 2012

OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
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World Energy Scenario Energy Scenario in Pakistan Latest alternate fuels & their future in Pakistan

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WORLD MARKETED ENERGY CONSUMPTION


B

Source: International Energy Outlook 2010


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WORLD MARKETED ENERGY USE BY FUEL TYPE


B

Source: International Energy Outlook 2010


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WORLD OIL RESERVES BY REGION


B

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PEAK OIL
B

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Pakistan Energy Situation

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POWER DEMAND AND SUPPLY POSITION


B

Year ( Year ending 30th June) 2008 2009 2010

Firm Supply (MW) 15,055 15,055 15,055

Peak Demand (MW) 17,689 19,080 20,584

Surplus/Deficit (MW) (2634) (4025) (5,529)

Electricity load shedding in the spring of 2011 reached more than 6,000 MW primarily due to fuel supply constraints. Planning Commission of Pakistan

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PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLIES BY SOURCE 2009-10


B

12% 7% 31%

63.1 MILLION TOE

OIL LPG GAS COAL HYDRO,NUCLEAR&IMPORTED ELECTRICITY 1%

49%

Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Resources-HDIP Pakistan State Oil

PETROLEUM PRODUCT CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR 2009-10


B

Total Consumption 19.13 Million Ton


46.10% 46.30% Transport Agriculture Industrial Dom estic Other Govt. Power 1.70% 0.50% 5.10% 0.30%

Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Resources-HDIP February 17th, 2012 Pakistan State Oil

NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR 2009-10


B

30.8 MTOE

8.84MTOE

8.04MTOE

4.22 MTOE

Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Resources-HDIP Pakistan State Oil

COAL CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR 2009-10


B

4.61 MTOE

1.70MTOE 2.6 MTOE

Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Resources-HDIP Pakistan State Oil

ENERGY MIX PROJECTIONS 2005-30


B

Current 2004 Total MTOE Oil Natural Gas Coal Hydro Renewable Nuclear 50.8 15.2 25.5 3.3 6.4 0.0 0.4 % 30 50 6.5 12.7 0.0 0.8

Short Term 2010 79.4 20.7 39.0 7.2 11.0 0.84 0.69 % 26 49 9 13.9 1.1 1.9 120.2 32.5 53.0 14.5 16.4 1.6 2.2

Medium Term 2015 % 27 44 12 13.6 1.3 1.9 2020 177.4 45.5 77.9 24.8 21.4 3.0 4.8 % 25.7 44 14.0 12.1 1.7 2.7 2025 255.4 57.9 114.8 38.3 30.5 5.58 8.24

Long Term 2030 % 22.7 45 15 12 2.2 3.2 361.3 66.8 162.6 68.65 38.9 9.2 15.1 % 18.5 45 19 10.8 2.5 4.2

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http://www.pc.gov.pk/vision2030/approach%20paper/Approach%20Paper.pdf

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Energy crises has lead to tremendous opportunity for Alternate Energy Sources
Fossil fuel reserves are declining Concerns over security of assured supplies Ever-increasing prices of petroleum products Environment effects

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AVAILABLE ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES


B

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MAJOR ENERGY CONSUMERS


B

POWER SECTOR

TRANSPORT SECTOR

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PETROLEUM PRODUCT CONSUMPTION IN TRANSPORT SECTOR 2009-10


B

8.86 MILLION TOE

0% 5% 21% Aviation Fuel Motor Spirit HSD Others

73%

Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Resources-HDIP Pakistan State Oil

Can Consumption of THIS HSD be fulfilled indigenously??

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TYPES OF BIOFUEL
B

Bioalcohols Biodiesel Vegetable oil Biogas Solid biofuels

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BIODIESEL POTENTIAL IN PAKISTAN


B

Biodiesel is a clean-burning alternative to petroleum diesel made from domestic, renewable resources such as vegetable oils, recycled cooking oil and animal fats.

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BIODIESEL
B

Biodiesel is a renewable, environmentally friendly substitute for petro-diesel fuel. It is produced from edible & non-edible oils, and animal fats. Normally Biodiesel blends can be used in diesel engines without any alteration.

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BENEFITS OF BIODIESEL
B

Economic Saving of precious Foreign Exchange. Poverty alleviation by providing jobs, Create additional revenue for farmers National Security Reduces Dependence on Imported Oil Sustainable, Renewable Resource grown domestically

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BENEFITS OF BIODIESEL
B

Environmental Approx. 80% less carbon dioxide emissions Almost 100% less sulphur dioxide Over 90% reduction in total unburned hydrocarbons Approx. 75-90% reduction in aromatic hydrocarbons Significant reduction in particulates & carbon monoxide

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SOURCES OF BIODIESEL
B

EDIBLE OIL SOURCES Sunflower Soybean (USA) Corn Rapeseed Others

NON-EDIBLE OIL SOURCES Pongamia (Sukh Chein) Jojoba Castor Jatropha Others

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PSOs Journey to Bio-Diesel

VISION To excel in delivering values to the customer as an innovative and dynamic energy company that gets to the future first.

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FOCUS OF PSO
B

Non-edible plant seeds as feed stock Avoidance of competition with Food Crops Utilization of countrys ample Marginal /Barren land Conserving agricultural Water Resources. Produce biodiesel at minimum possible cost

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OBJECTIVE
B

PSOs ultimate goal is to significantly participate in blending 10% of Countrys total petro-diesel consumption (8 million tonnes) with biodiesel; in line with GoPs directives

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GoPs DIRECTIVES
B

ECCs Decision of 15th Feb, 2008: 5% biodiesel blending with petro-diesel by 2015 10% biodiesel blending with petrodiesel by 2025

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GoP / ECCs INCENTIVES


B

All imported plant, machinery, equipment and raw material for use in production of biodiesel shall be exempted from

Custom duty Income tax Sales Tax


S.R.O. 474 (I)/2008 dated 21.05.2008

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SCOPE FOR BIODIESEL


B

Total consumption of diesel per year: 10% of requirement (Biodiesel) per year: Land requirement (800 shrubs / acre):

8 M tons 800 K tons 812500 Acres

Yield varies from 4 - 8 kg/shrub

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PICTORIAL VIEW OF PSOs JOURNEY TO BIODIESEL


B

Visits

Nursery

Selection of land

Land Preparation

Site Visit

Plantation overview

5 month old Plant

Jatropha Plantation

Fruitin g

Transesterification unit

B-100,HSD & B-10

Testing of B-10

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Set up the nurseries


B

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Selection of land
B

Pakistan State Oil Barren/marginal land selected for Jatropha at PMY-Kar

Land Preparation
B

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Leveling & Dressing of Ground at Karachi in Progress

Jatropha Plantation
B

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Jatropha Plantation
B

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Jatropha Plantation
B

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Jatropha Plantation
B

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Jatropha Plantation
B

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Jatropha Plantation
B

Observations & comments :


The progress of plants at PMY highlights high growth potential of Jatropha in Pakistani soil and climate conditions. Flowering and fruiting on limited plants are found round the year. Diseases like mealy bug and root rot; for which Profenofos and Fungicide are used to encounter them. Pakistan State Oil

Site Visit
B

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Site Visit of MoW&P Mr. Raja Parvez dated

Site Visit
B

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Site Visit of Fed. & Prov. ministers dated

Site Visit
B

Pakistan State Oil

Site Visit of Fed. & Prov. ministers dated

Site Visit
B

Site Visit of Fed. Minister of Food & Pakistan State Oil Agriculture dated 05.03.2011

Obtaining Jatropha Oil & Transesterification Biodiesel


B

(3)

Oil filter
(2)

Oil Expeller
(1)

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HSD,B-100 & B-10


B

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On Road Trial of Blended Biodiesel


B

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On Road Trial of Blended Biodiesel


B

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Demonstration of renewable sources at Site


B

DG set is running on blended


Biodiesel

Windmill- Utilizing wind energy for pumping water

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THANK YOU

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POWER SECTOR - TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY


B

PUBLIC SECTOR MW WAPDA NUCLEAR SUB TOTAL 12,374 462 12,836 % 59 2 61

Public Sector Thermal Private Sector 5885 MW 7564 MW

PRIVATE SECTOR IPPs KESC SUB TOTAL GRAND TOTAL 6,408 1,756 7,564 21,000 30 9 39 100 Public Sector Hydel 6489 MW Nuclear 462 MW

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PAKISTANS RENEWABLE ENERGY POTENTIAL


B

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WIND ENERGY IN PAKISTAN


B

The wind map developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), USA in collaboration with USAID, has indicated a potential of 346,000 MW in Pakistan.

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SOLAR ENERGY IN PAKISTAN


B

All Pakistan, especially Balochistan, Sind and Southern Punjab, receives abundant Solar radiation about 3000 hours / year (8 hrs/day). This is on the highest side of global averages. Exploitable potential of Solar energy at country level is of the order of 100,000 MW.

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BIOMASS/WASTE POTENTIAL IN PAKISTAN


B

Bio-mass has a huge potential (over 2000 MW) Sugar industry has a potential of at least 700 MW additional power using Bagasse during sugar season Every major city has an estimated potential of 500 MW

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COAL AVAILABILITY IN PAKISTAN


Reserves in Pakistan Sind Punjab Baluchistan KPK Azad Kashmir tonnes tonnes tonnes tonnes 217 million 90 million 9 million tonnes
Thar

185,457 million 235 million

Pakistan State Oil

February 17th, 2012

Pakistan State Oil