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Dynamic Analysis

Using MSC.Patran and MSC.Nastran


NAS122 Course Notes

January 2004

Part Number:NA*V2004*Z*Z*Z*SM-NAS122-NT1

DISCLAIMER

MSC.Software Corporation reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior notice. The concepts, methods, and examples presented in this text are for illustrative and educational purposes only, and are not intended to be exhaustive or to apply to any particular engineering problem or design. MSC.Software Corporation assumes no liability or responsibility to any person or company for direct or indirect damages resulting from the use of any information contained herein. User Documentation: Copyright 2004 MSC.Software Corporation. Printed in U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. This notice shall be marked on any reproduction of this documentation, in whole or in part. Any reproduction or distribution of this document, in whole or in part, without the prior written consent of MSC.Software Corporation is prohibited. MSC and MSC. are registered trademarks and service marks of MSC.Software Corporation. NASTRAN is a registered trademark of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. MSC.Nastran is an enhanced proprietary version developed and maintained by MSC.Software Corporation. MSC.Patran is a trademark of MSC.Software Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 1.0 Review of Fundamentals
Single DOF System Undamped Free Vibrations SDOF System Single DOF System - Undamped Free Vibrations Damped Free Vibration SDOF Damping with Forced Vibration MSC.Nastran Documentation Text References on Dynamic Analysis 1-3 1-6 1-8 1-9 1-13 1-23 1-25

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2.0

Normal Modes Analysis


Overview 2 DOF Equation of Motion using Engineering Approach Summarizing Some Important Ideas About Normal Modes That Emerge Setting the Same Problem using a Matrix Approach Case Study 1 Normal Modes of a 2 DOF Structure Workshop 2 Normal Modes Analysis of a 2 DOF Structure Extending to Multi DOF Problems Eigenvalue Extraction Method Sturm Sequence Theory Lanczos Method Case Study 2 Normal Modes Analysis of a Satellite Reasons to Calculate Normal Modes Workshop 13 Modal Analysis of a Car Chassis How Accurate is the Normal Modes Analysis Mesh Density Workshop 1a to 1c Normal Modes Analysis with Various Mesh Size Element Type Workshop 15a to 15e Modal Analysis of a Tuning Fork Mass Distribution Workshop 14a Modal Analysis of a Tower 2-5 2-6 2-12 2-13 2-20 2-47 2-48 2-56 2-58 2-59 2-62 2-76 2-78 2-79 2-80 2-81 2-84 2-85 2-88 2-89

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 2.0 Normal Modes Analysis (cont.)
Detail of Joints Detail of Constraints Workshop 14b Modal Analysis of a Tower with Soft Ground Connection Hand Calculations Check List for Normal Modes Prior to Doing Further Analysis 2-90 2-91 2-92 2-93 2-94

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3.0

Mass Modeling
Mass Modeling Coupled Versus Lumped Mass Rod Finite Element Example Justification for MSC.Nastran Coupled Mass Convention Mass Units Mass Input 3-4 3-5 3-7 3-9 3-11 3-12

4.0

Effective Mass
Participation Factor Theory Nastran Case Control Entry Case Study Applications in Industry Workshop 19 Effective Mass 4-3 4-6 4-8 4-18 4-19

5.0

Guyan Reduction
Introduction to Dynamic Reduction Static Condensation (Internal Calculation) Solution Control for Guyan Reduction Difficulties with Guyan Reduction 5-3 5-4 5-9 5-11

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 6.0 Rigid Body Modes
Rigid Body Modes and Rigid Body Vectors Calculation of Rigid Body Modes Selection of Suport Degrees of Freedom Checking of Suport Degrees of Freedom Rigid Body Modes 6-3 6-7 6-10 6-12 6-15

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7.0

Pre-Stiffened Normal Modes


Pre-Stiffened Normal Modes Case Study: Pre-Stiffened Normal Modes using Sol 106 Method Setting up Pre-Stiffened Normal Modes in MSC.Patran Comparing the Results Using the Statsub Method Comparing the Results Workshop 12a, 12b, 12c 7-3 7-7 7-9 7-13 7-15 7-17 7-18

8.0

Response Method
Response Types Spring Mass System Transient Analysis Frequency Response Analysis Response Types Modal and Direct Methods Patran Menu Choice Modal and Direct Methods 8-3 8-4 8-5 8-9 8-10 8-11 8-13 8-14

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 9.0 Damping Overview
Damping in Dynamic Analysis Rayleigh Damping Viscous Damping Input Frequency Dependent Impedance Sample Sample using CBUSH Element Displacement Output for CBUSH Element Force Output for CBUSH Element 9-3 9-7 9-9 9-24 9-25 9-26 9-27

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10.0

Transient Response Analysis


Introduction to Transient Response Analysis Direct Transient Response Case Study Direct Transient Analysis of a Simple Plate Workshop 3 Direct Transient Analysis Transient Excitation Transient Excitation Considerations TLOAD1 Entry Load Set Combination DLOAD TLOAD2 Entry Initial Conditions Damping in Direct Transient Response Analysis Damping in Dynamic Analysis Workshop 17 Direct Transient Analysis of a Car Modal Transient Response Data Recovery in Modal Transient Response Modal Transient Response Mode Truncation Modal Transient Versus Direct Transient Workshop 4 Modal Transient Analysis Workshop 18 Modal Transient Analysis of a Seismic Input on the Tower 10-5 10-6 10-12 10-40 10-42 10-46 10-50 10-55 10-57 10-60 10-64 10-65 10-77 10-78 10-86 10-87 10-94 10-96 10-97 10-98

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 11.0 Frequency Response Analysis
Introduction to Frequency Response Analysis Direct Frequency Response Damping in Direct Frequency Response Case Study Direct Frequency Response of a Plate Workshop 5 Direct Frequency Response of a Plate Excitation Definition The RLOAD1 Entry The RLOAD2 Entry Frequency Response Considerations Solution Frequencies Recommendations Modal Frequency Response Damping in Modal Frequency Response Mode Truncation in Frequency Response Modal vs. Direct Frequency Response Workshop 16 Modal Frequency Response of a Car Interpreting Frequency Response in Patran 11-3 11-6 11-10 11-12 11-33 11-34 11-37 11-41 11-46 11-48 11-88 11-90 11-96 11-106 11-110 11-111 11-112

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12.0

Enforced Motion
Enforced Motion Enforced Motion in Transient Analysis Workshop 8 Direct Transient Response with Enforced Acceleration (Automatic Method) Using Large Mass Method in Transient Response Workshop 7 Direct Transient Response with Enforced Acceleration (Large Mass Method) Enforced Motion in Frequency Response Using Large Mass Method in Frequency Response Recommendations in Enforced Motion 12-3 12-4 12-10 12-11 12-14 12-15 12-16 12-18

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 13.0 Interactive Frequency Response
Overview Case Study Conclusion 13-3 13-7 13-27

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14.0

Random Analysis
Classification of Dynamic Environments Examples of Random Dynamic Environment Ergodic Random Data Random Response Analysis What is a PSD? Summarizing the Input How do we use Random Results? MSC.Random Overview MSC.Random Flowchart Case Study Input Format Recommendations in Random Analysis Workshop 9 Random Analysis using MSC.Random Workshop 11 Random Vibration Analysis on a Satellite using MSC.Random 14-3 14-4 14-5 14-6 14-9 14-14 14-16 14-18 14-19 14-21 14-54 14-59 14-60 14-61