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Principles of Peacebuilding and Conflict Resolution

All people desire to live in a world of peace and harmony.

Buddha
We are what we think. All that we are arises with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we make the world.

Conflict Begins within the Individual.

Selfishness

Unselfishness

UNESCO Constitution
Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defenses of peace must be constructed.
Preamble
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Dual Purposes
Whole Purpose

Mind

Body

Self Purpose

Selfishness
Lust

Arrogance

Exploitation

Living only for oneself


Vengeance Greed Prejudice

Basis for conflict


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Unselfishness
Self-control

Humility

Service

Living for others


Forgiveness Generosity Fairness

Basis for harmony


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Nelson Mandela
The first thing is to be honest with yourself. You can never have an impact on society if you have not changed yourself.

Sources of Conflict
o

Spiritual sources of conflict


Result of original ancestors separation from God and negative influence from evil spiritual forces

Individual sources of conflict


Disunity within the individual and confusion of values

Family sources of conflict


Family dysfunctions affect succeeding generations.

National/international sources of conflict


National policies affect future generations and can lead to conflict within or between nations.

Historical Sources of National Conflict


o

National crimes burden future generations.


o

US Civil War

Ethnic/religious resentments accumulate.


o

Balkan conflicts

Individual Choice: To resolve or repeat past conflicts


Past
Each person passes on either the problem or the solution.

Future
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Does Fighting Resolve Conflict?


Fighting can be necessary For self-defense To defend the weak

Fighting does not resolve conflict Defeating an enemy does not answer his grievances or end his hatred. The defeated are tempted to seek revenge.

Results of World War I


Left: General Ferdinand Foch (2nd from right) at German surrender in Compeigne forest near Paris

Above: Adolf Hitler (with hand on hip) visiting the site of the German surrender, June 22, 1940

Results of World War II

George C. Marshall and the Marshall Plan


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Basis for Conflict Resolution


State of Harmony

Lost
State of Conflict

Restored
Indemnity conditions: Efforts to reverse the process by which the original harmony was lost.

Restoration of Conflict
Unselfishness
Right

Loving Relationship

Selfishness

Wrong

Broken Relationship

Steps in Conflict Resolution Step 1. Self reflection & reorientation


o

Consider how one might have

dealt with the problem


differently.
o

Take responsibility for ones contribution to the conflict.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.


We never get rid of an enemy by meeting hate with hate; we get rid of an enemy by getting rid of enmity.

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Steps in Conflict Resolution Step 2. Reversal & restitution


o

Address whatever caused the


other to feel hurt and violated.

o
o

Be open to efforts to reconcile.


Seek to correct injustices.

Steps in Conflict Resolution


Step 3. Reconciliation & renewal
o
o

Give up claim for retaliation.


Forgive and be open to receive

forgiveness.
o o

Resolve to help the other to change. Foster good will.

Actions That Lead to Peace


Humility: - Admitting to not always being right - Being open to learn from others

Generosity: - Giving beyond convenience - Giving unconditionally, without expectation of return Service: - Showing acts of caring to meet others needs - Respecting the dignity of the recipient - Reversing exploitation through service

Greatest Act of Love: Winning over ones enemy


Giving even to those who have done one harm
o o

Converts the enemy into a friend. Reverses ancient patterns of abuse and revenge.

Jesus Christ
I say to you, love your enemies, and pray for those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be sons of your Father in heaven.
Matthew 5:44-46
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Islam
My Lord, who is the greatest of Thy servants in Thy estimation?

The one who forgives when he is in a position of power.


Hadith of Baihaqi

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What Is Needed?

Leadership centered on true love Ambassadors for Peace

Attitude of an Ambassador for Peace


o

Show concern for both sides.

o
o

Affirm the value of both sides.


Gain trust from both sides that each is being treated fairly. Aim for a win-win outcome. Guide both sides beyond blame and accusation.

o o

Mediation Skills: Towards the Offender


o

Help the offender accept responsibility.

o
o

Encourage admission of wrong.


Help the offender accept the challenge of reconciliation. Avoid labeling and blaming.

Praise and offer a second chance.

Mediation Skills: Towards the Offended


o

Help the offended forgive and release

grudges.
o o o

Help the offended recognize own faults. Help the offended to accept an apology. Foster harmony and friendship with the offender.

Promoting Peace and Reconciliation


o

Service programs

o
o o o

Sports competitions
Cultural programs Dialogue between religions Women as peacemakers

Mahatma Gandhi
When I despair, I remember that all through history the ways of truth and love have always won.

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Anwar Sadat
Any life that is lost in war is a human life, be it that of an Arab or Israeli. Innocent children who are deprived of the care and compassion of their parents are ours. They are ours, be they living on Arab or Israeli land.
Speech to the Israeli Knesset
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Rev. Sun Myung Moon


The reason why God does not punish an enemy is that He is thinking of the enemys parents, wife and children who all love him. When you understand that heart of God, could you take revenge on your enemy?

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Thank You!

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