Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 25

# Anand K Bewoor & Vinay A Kulkarni

## 2009 Tata McGraw-Hill Education

PowerPoint Slides

## METROLOGY & MEASUREMENT

Anand K Bewoor & Vinay A Kulkarni

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this PowerPoint slide may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this PowerPoint slide, you are using it without permission. 1

## 2009 Tata McGraw-Hill Education

Chapter 20

Temperature Measurement

## Temperature measurement is denoting physical condition of matter. WHAT IS TEMPERATURE?

One of the most fundamental parameters by which its degree of hotness or coldness is identified is the temperature of a body. Heat is a form of energy associated with continuous motion of particles of matter. This continuous motion is sensed as heat, and temperature is a measure of heat. Therefore, it is an expression denoting physical condition of matter. Temperature is one of the most frequently used parameters for measurement and controlling industrial processes such as in case of metallurgical processes (e.g., heat treatment, melting, making alloys etc.), forging, rolling industries, chemical industries, refrigeration and airconditioning industries, etc. There are so many transducers available for temperature measurement starting from glass-filled mercury thermometers, bimetallic strips, thermistors. Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTD), thermocouples, pyrometers and optical temperature transducers.
Many methods have been developed for measuring temperature. Most of these rely on measuring some physical property of a working material that varies with temperature. One must be careful when measuring temperature to ensure that the measuring instrument (thermometer, thermocouple, etc.) is really of the same temperature as the material that is being measured. Under some conditions, heat from the measuring instrument can cause a temperature gradient, so the measured temperature is different from the actual temperature of the system. In such a case, the measured temperature will vary not only with the temperature of the system, but also with the heat transfer properties of the system.
3

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25