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I. The Renaissance was the period that followed (brought Europe out of) the Middle Ages. It was a time of renewed interest in things of this world.

A. B. C.

Human beings and their conditions Education, art, literature, and science Approximately 1300 - 1600


The Renaissance started in Italy where wealth from trade supported art learning. A. Here also modern capitalism was born. Private individuals or companies, not the government, owned businesses. The main goal is profit. B. Republican government arose in most cities. Citizens participated.

III. Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527), in The Prince (1513) said, basically, one must do whatever one must do to get and stay in power. If it works, it is the "right" thing to do. Forget ideals; lie, cheat, even murder if you must. A stable state is needed.

IV. Humanism, a system of thought and action concerned with human interests and values, was the dominant movement of the Renaissance.

A. B.

Human beings have dignity and intelligence. They (we) can change the world and make it a better place for all.

V. The ideal so-called Renaissance man was successful in business, well-mannered, educated, athletic, and brave.


The goal of education became making people well-rounded. Religion remained important, but the authority and some practices of the church began to be questioned.


Gutenberg Bible

C. The Gutenberg Bible, named for the craftsman and inventor of printing by use of moveable type, Johannes Gutenberg, was completed in 1455 at Mainz, Germany. The three-volume Latin text arguably represents the greatest single innovation in the history of communication technology, as well as a style of printing that existed almost unaltered until the twentieth century. Gutenbergs invention and the dispersion of relatively cheap printed materials ultimately stimulated enormous changesocial, political, economic, and religious. Some forty perfect vellum copies of Gutenbergs masterpiece of technological advancement still exist in the world.


Some brilliant people lived during this time.

A. Leanardo da Vinci (1452-1519) painted (Mona Lisa), studied geology, chemistry and anatomy, designed buildings, canals and weapons, and sketched engines and flying machines.

B. Michelangelo Buonaroti (1475-1564) painted (the Sistine Chapel ceiling), sculptured (David), designed buildings, and wrote poetry.

C. Desiderius Erasmus (1469?-1536), a priest who wrote books, The Praise of Folly 1509, condemned ignorance and superstition. He believed education could lead to more perfect societies.

D. Raphael (1483-1520)

E. Titian (1485-1576) More art can be viewed at the Louvre Museum.

F. William Shakespeare wrote plays showing humans as in God's image, but part of this world as well.

Shakespeares Hamlet

To be or not to be.

Renaissance Dance

1st Published-1650-John Playford- English Dance Master. Contained 360 dances and lessons. Most designed for longway sets of three couples are more. Use any number. For dancing country-dances.

British Monarchs of the Period

Last of the Plantagenet Dynasty War of the Roses 1455-1485 House of Lancaster House of York House of Tudor

Official British Royal Family Web site

Edward III (1312-1377) Plantagenet

Richard II (1367-1400) Plantagenet

Henry IV (1367-1413) Lancaster

Henry V (1387-1422) Lancaster

Henry VI (1421-1471) Lancaster

Edward IV (1442-1483) York

Edward V (1470-1483) York

Richard III (1452-1485) York

Henry VII (1457-1509) Tudor

Henry VIII (1491-1547) Tudor

Catherine of Aragon

Anne Boleyn

Jane Seymour

Anne of Cleves

Catherine Howard

Catherine Parr

Edward VI (1537-1553) Tudor

Lady Jane Grey (1537-1554) 9-day reign

Mary I (1516-1558) Tudor

Elizabeth I (1533-1603) Tudor

Sir Walter Raleigh

Sir Francis Drake

Defeat of the Spanish Armada 1588