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ByAkshat pandit Class- 7B Roll No- 19

What is Photography ?

photography is the rocess ofWe recording pictures seldom think of what we have, by means of capturing light on a light-senstive but always think of medium, such as a film or electronic sensor.
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What is Photography ?

Light patterns reflected or emitted from objects expose a sensitive silver halide based chemical or electronic medium during a timed exposure. It is usually done through a photographic lens in a device known as a camera that also stores the resulting information chemically or electronically.

What is camera ?

A camera is a device used to capture images, either as still photographs or as sequences of moving images (movies or videos).

The term comes from the Latin camera obscura for "dark chamber" for an early mechanism of projecting images where an entire room functioned as a real-time imaging system; the modern camera evolved from the camera obscura.

Agfa box camera, a Polaroid Land camera, and a Yashica 35 mm SLR

Photography has many uses for both business and pleasure. It is often the basis of advertising and in fashion print. Photography can also be viewed as a commercial and artistic endeavor.

Lens and mounting of a largeformat camera

A handheld digital camera.

A modern DSLR camera, the Canon EOS 40D

History of camera

The first camera that was small and portable enough to be practical for photography was built by Johann Zahn in 1685, though it would be almost 150 years before technology caught up to the point where this was practical.

History of camera

Before each exposure, a sensitized plate would be inserted in front of the viewing screen to record the image. Jacques Daguerre's popular daguerreotype process utilized copper plates, while the calotype process invented by William Fox Talbot recorded images on paper. The first permanent photograph was made in 1826 by Joseph Nicphore Nipce using a sliding wooden box camera made by Charles and Vincent Chevalier in Paris. Nipce built on a discovery by Johann Heinrich Schultz (1724): a silver and chalk mixture darkens under exposure to light. However, while this was the birth of photography, the camera itself can be traced back much further. Before the invention of photography, there was no way to preserve the images produced by these cameras apart from manually tracing them.

Contax Sthe world's first pentaprism SLR


Kodak Retina IIIC

Nikon F of 1959

Voigtlnder Vitoret of 1962

Silvestri Flexicam

Opened up Cine Kodak, used 35mm movie film

Voigtlnder Brillant twin-lens reflex camera.

History of photography
Photography is the result of combining several technical discoveries. Long before the first photographs were made, Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen) (9651040) invented the camera obscura and pinhole camera.

Albertus Magnus (11931280) discovered silver nitrate, and Georges Fabricius (15161571) discovered silver chloride.
Daniel Barbaro described a diaphragm in 1568. Wilhelm Homberg described how light darkened some chemicals (photochemical effect) in 1694. The fiction book Giphantie, by French author Tiphaigne de la Roche, described what can be interpreted as photography.

Photography as a usable process goes back to the 180s with the development of chemical photography. The first permanent photograph was an image produced in 1826 by the French inventor Nicphore Nipce. However, the picture took eight hours to expose, so he went about trying to find a new process.

Types of photography

Black-and-white photography Color photography Digital photography

The first permanent color photograph, taken by Jame Cerk Maxwell in 1861.

Black-and-white photography All photography was originally monochrome, most of these photographs were black-and-white. Even after color film was readily available, black-and-white photography continued to dominate for decades, due to its lower cost and its "classic" photographic look.

Color photography Color photography was explored beginning in the mid 1800s. Early experiments in color could not fix the photograph and prevent the color from fading. The first permanent color photo was taken in 1861 by the physicist James Clerk Maxwell.
Digital photography In 1981, Sony unveiled the first consumer camera to use a charge-coupled device for imaging, eliminating the need for film: the Sony Mavica. While the Mavica saved images to disk, the images were displayed on television, and the camera was not fully digital. In 1990, Kodak unveiled the DCS 100, the first commercially available digital camera. Although its high cost precluded uses other than photojournalism and professional photography, commercial digital photography was born.

1. Martin Gommel


2. Emily Higginson
3. Jim Goldstein 4. Anoop Negi

Canada America


5. Marko Kosovcevic


Top five Photographers