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CHAPTER 7 WiMAX

network
dimensioning and
Introduction
Objectives to be defined in planning:
The service area.
The cell radius.
The minimum number of cell sites
The antenna height.
The type of base stations.
The locations of base stations.
When to plan?
When installing new system

When to meet new requirements

When new techniques appear


1.Cell dimensioning of
WiMAX
It is the first step of radio network planning

It is used estimate the number of required


base stations in accordance with the
theoretical approach

It is based on the assumption of uniform


distribution of subscribers, homogenous
morphology and ideal site distribution
Cell dimensioning
process
4.Nominal cell planing
It is a graphical representation of the network

Do not care about the position of the sites

Hexagonal shaped cells are adopted


2.WiMAX network planning
process
1.Site survey
Site search.

Checking the validity of each location of the


sites

Site location lease agreement.

Carrying out the construction of the civil works.


2.Field measurements
Choosing the frequency point of the
measurement
Field measurements site choice
The tools for field measurement

3.System design
The final cell plans used for network
installations
provide that no dead zones and the overlap
between sites is small as possible.
4. System diagnosis
The driving test team uses a mobile testing toolkit
The testing tool includes:
iii. Mobile test units (MTUs) in cars and fixed test
units geographically distributed.
iv. Mobile station with special software, a portable
personal computer (PC) and a global positioning
system (GPS) receiver.
v. Mobile traffic recording (MTR)
vi. Cell traffic recording (CTR)
5.System tuning
 At the initial network launch it ensures that the network
performs as per the design and is free from
configuration and implementation faults
 involves finely tuning the network after the configuration
faults are eliminated by selecting appropriate network
parameters to achieve the set QoS targets

6. System growth
if the network needs to be expanded to extend
coverage due to increase in traffic or because of
changes in the environment
Uniform solution of WiMAX network
planning
Case study one
 Rural environment
 Area to be covered= 140 km2
 The area surroundings are: at north Al Rabwa, at south media production city,
at east desert road, and at west Al Bashayr.
 Cell radius= 7.4 km
 All the sites with gain 12dBi, the BTS antenna height is 50 meters
Case study two
 Dense Urban environment
 Area to be covered= 79.8 km2
 The area surroundings are : at north Elwarrak, at south Giza square , at east
Nile river, and at west Kafr Hakim.
 Cell radius= 3.2 km
 All the sites with gain 18dBi, the BTS antenna height is 30 meters
Non uniform solution of WiMAX
network planning
Case study one (DU)
 All BS sites are 3 sector cells, with directional antenna with
narrow HPBW, gain 18 dBi and height 30m.
 Area to be covered =79.8 km2
 Cell radius= 3.2 km
Case study two(UR)
 All BS sites are 3 sector cells, with directional antenna with
narrow HPBW, gain 17 dBi and height 40m 
 Area to be covered =120 km2
 Cell radius= 4.8 km
Case study three(SU)
 All BS sites are 3 sector cells, with directional antenna with
narrow HPBW, gain 16 dBi and height 50m.
 Area to be covered =130 km2
 Cell radius= 5 km
Case study four(RU)
 All BS sites are 3 sector cells, with directional antenna with
narrow HPBW, gain 15 dBi and height 60m.
 Area to be covered =207.15 km2
 Cell radius= 8.9 km