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CHAPTER 1

WHAT IS BIOLOGY ?
Biology is : the scientific study of life. derived from 2 Greek words ; Bios = life Logos = study

WHY IS BIOLOGY IMPORTANT ? Education Knowledge Control Research Economy Quality of life Diseases Problem solving Careers

Careers Related to Biology ;


Doctor

Biotechnologist
Nutritionist Veterinarian Geneticist Botanist

Nurse
Pharmacist Dentist Scientist Physiotherapist Zoologist Microbiologist

Ecologist
Biochemist

Mycologist
Aquaculturalist

Toxicologist

Structure & Function


Main Group of Living Things

Fields of Biology Study

Changes & Development

Living Things & Their Environments

Applied Biology

Structure & Function


Morphology Physiology Histology Anatomy

Changes and Development


Embryology Genetics Evolution

Applied Biology

Pharmacy Biotechnology Biochemistry Medicine

Living Things & Their Environment


o Ecology o Environmental o Science Biogeography o Botany

Main Group of Living Things

Bacteriology Microbiology Zoology

What do you call the study of : 1. Insects 2. Fungi 3. Classification of organism 4. Fossils 5. Birds 6. Viruses 7. Variation and inheritance 8. Parasites 9. Development of embryo 10. Structure & organization of organisms

Ans ; Entomology mycology taxonomy palaeontology

Ornithology
virology Genetics Parasitology Embryology

anatomy

WHAT IS SCIENTIFIC METHOD ?

An orderly method which used to investigate a problem or an event

Define problem

Form a Hypothesis

Plan the investigation Control the Variables

Scientific Investigation
Write a Report Make a Conclusion

Analyse the Data

Interpret the Data

SCIENTIFIC Skills
1. Science Process Skills 2. Manipulative Skills

Science Process Skills (Mental Skills)


Observing Classifying Measuring and Using Numbers Inferring Predicting Communicating Using Space Time Relationship

Interpreting Data
Defining Operationally Controlling Variables Hypothesising Experimenting

Manipulative Skills (Hand Skill) Use and handle science apparatus and laboratory substances correctly. Handle specimens correctly and carefully. draw specimens, apparatus and lab substances accurately. clean science apparatus correctly. store science apparatus and lab substances correctly and safely.

Scientific Attitudes & Noble Values


Have a keen interest in studying about nature. Appreciate the nature and the contributions of

Science and Technology Think critically and analytically. Think rationally. Hardworking and responsible. Cooperative, systematic, confident and independent. Thankful to God. Fair and justice Respectful and well mannered.

1.

Which of the following is the correct sequence in a science investigation ?


P To make a hypothesis Q To state the variables R To state the problem S To interpret data T To collect data

R PQTS

2. The following are the Science Process Skills except .


A. Communicating B. Interpreting Data C. Drawing specimens D. Hypothesising
Ans : C. Drawing specimens

3.

A.
B.

C.
D.

In an experiment to study the effect of temperature on the rate of transpiration, the temperature acts as the manipulated variable fixed variable responding variable controlled variable

Ans : A

Exercise 1
1. Write and arrange the steps used in the Scientific Investigation.
Define the problem

Complete

it !!!

Work Hard & study smart ..!!

2.

Arrange the following level of Biological organisation in the ascending order.

Organisms, System, Atom, Cell, Organ, Tissue, Molecules, Populations, Biosphere, Ecosystem, Organelles, Communities.