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For internal use 1 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Configuration


Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SVU Training

For internal use 2 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Nokia Siemens Networks Academy


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For internal use 3 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Module objectives
After completing this learning element, the participant will be able to:
Explain the various type of configuration options supported by Flexi Multiradio
BTS Describe the different options according to how the radios and the system modules are configured in optical RP3-1 interfaces. Describe the different configuration on the radio part. Explain Co-siting with older GSM BTSs and WCDMA/LTE BTSs

For internal use 4 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Content
Combining, Capacity and Coverage Categories and Rules of Configuration Radio connection principles and terms

Configuration Options
RP3 capacity Configuration Options RP3 capacity Example of Configuration

Flexi Multiradio Co-Siting

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Combining, Capacity and Coverage

For internal use 6 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Combining, Capacity and Coverage (1/3)


High coverage RM 60W max/TRX object, min 1 TRX object or 3G carrier/pipe RRH 40W max/TRX object, min 1 TRX object or 3G carrier/pipe

With IDD doubled nominally the TRX object power level.

High Capacity

RM 10W min/TRX object, max 6 TRXobjects or 3/4 3G carriers/pipe RRH 6.67W min/TRx object, max 6 TRX objects or 3/4 3G carriers/pipe 3x3G carriers fit in 850 and 900 band and for 1800 band 4 carriers fit into one RM pipe

High capacity & coverage simultaneously

Use RMs or RRHs with IDD. If the BTS is not having remote islands, the frequencies consumption is high. Likely going for dual band within 2G (900 & 1800) and separately within 3G (900 & 2100). If remote islands are included the headcount of FR modules may be very high

For internal use 7 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Combining, Capacity and Coverage (2/3)


Low capacity & coverage simultaneously

Use only RRHs

Combining IDD Feature

RM & RRH DL gain is nominally 23dB at mobiles. The uplink gain is unavailable unless configured in the same time 4UD. IDD is easy to build with RRH as it has 2 antenna interfaces and antenna optimized configuration as HW support.

Combining DPTRX Feature

Later than ME1 (EX3.1), used external summing device to further boost Tx output power. Performance gain is max 2.5 dB

For internal use 8 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Combining, Capacity and Coverage (3/3)


Dynamic Power Sharing

Here the cumulative Tx power level can in theory exceed the FR power budget , but it is restricted by cumulative means once an active connection is requested by BSC to increase DL power and it is approaching BCCH power level (that is 0 = max). This feature has following limitations: for RMs and RRHs, only for 2G in a pipe of RM/RRH, at least 3 TRX objects reside in one pipe. The intention is to get more power for weaker CS/PS connections and still retain fairly big capacity. The HW limits the summary power level to 60W RM/40W RRH on each timeslot, but in average the further and weaker mobiles can still be heard and in case of rare Tx compression the mobiles will suffer of worse DL quality, but still be heard.

For internal use 9 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Overview

Main configuration rule is:


support for 36 TRXs of 2G carriers and that can be deployed to max 12
sectors having max 16 TRX objects.

2G has no configuration limitations with sharing. 3G cells count is max 3 and with 6 carriers in one RM when shared. Without sharing it is 9 for low bands and 12 for high bands.

The limitation comes from frequency budget

Currently in ME1 (EX3.1), RP3 topology does not support duplicated links, loops, star connections, redundancy, nor recovery

For internal use 10 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Configuration categories
Mandatory (=M) configurations
These configurations are defined in Product definition and recommended for customers and are mandatory to be tested by NSN.

Promoted for testing both extremes: min capacity config with max coverage and max capacity config resulted with min coverage.
Principally the performance of these configurations is optimal

Supported (=S) configurations


The configurations are supported but the performance of these configurations may not be optimal

Not supported (=NS) configurations


Configuration is inefficient e.g. 3 RMs antenna optimized where each RM pipes belong to only one sector at a time. A chain of 2 or 3 FRs and the earlier in chain FR is undefined in SCF, but the later FR is defined in SCF.

Invalid (=I) configurations Example extension FSM used in shared configuration in ME1
For internal use 11 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration

For internal use 12 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Mandatory Configuration

14 RMs and RRHs Max 1 shared RM and RRH 10, 20, 40W Tx power level with RM; 6.7, 10, 20, 40W with RRH 1+1+16+6+6/1 RM, 2+2+212+12+12/2 RMs and RRHs (with all hopping modes) All configurations specified in marketing material When shared with 3G, 3G must be sync master and 2G must be sync slave 1 dedi & 1 shared RM, max BB hopping 6+6+6 (applies also to ANT hopping) Antenna optimized config with 24 RMs 900 & 1800 dual band <= 6 sectors Remote islands: 200m, 2km and max 2 of them included by chaining up to 3 RMs or RRHs E1/T1 based transport is separated for 2G and 3G sharing Ethernet based is combined for 2G and 3G sharing Combination of this list

All testing is done


For internal use 13 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Supported Configuration

1UD, IDD with 2UD, IDD with 4UD with RM; 1UD with RRH 15, 30, 60W Tx power level with RM; 8, 13.3W with RRH 5...6 RMs and RRHs 2 shared RMs and RRHs When shared with 3G simulated 3G can be sync slave and 2G must be sync master MOBSS, EDGE license optimization dual band with any TRXs belonging to any band, but only 2 bands together Max 12 sectors Remote islands: <=20km and max 3 of them SW invisible built co-siting configuration (where Rx gains are customized) To guarantee future proofness, when shared 2G is sync master Combination of this list

For internal use 14 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Not Supported Configuration

712 RMs or RRHs 3 shared RMs or RRHs BB hopping among 2 shared RMs or above 6+6+6 configuration Remote islands: <=40km and max 3 of them Sync slave, but also link master for shared RM or RRH Sync master, but also link slave for shared RM or RRH 4UD & IDD, 2UD & IDD with RRH

No SW/system testing is done

For internal use 15 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Modules, Cabling configuration Rules and exceptions (1/6)
I. II.
1UD, 2UD Rx configurations can be used with normal TRXs 4UD configurations can only be used with IDD. IDD also accepts 2UD. 4UD is antenna optimized configuration when 2 or more TRXs configured to IDD, but other pipe carrying aux Tx and 2nd and 3rd Rx diversity does not have to be specified to have any operational capacity for any TRX object. The Tx aux is located in another pipe than Tx main. The frequency budget must now fit to the used pipes in IDD & 2UD or IDD & 4UD. In shared case, in antenna optimized configuration, the associated FRs needs to have same SM as radio master. Unspecified configurations (not specified in this doc) may also be supported, but not tested. These configurations are discouraged and BTS SW may find broken / operation degraded alarms on them and the performance can be poorer than nominal performance and TRX test may not work. Any RP3-01 port of any module (RM, RRH, ESMx) can be used to interconnect to peer module (RM) when SCF file has such defined. 3G FSM is excluded from this rule. 3G BTS in RU20 supports only usage of ports1&2. Only 1 pcs of RP3-01 links from ESMx are supported at a time to one RM in ME1 (EX3.1) release (not supported dependent capacity RP3-01 link to same RM).

III.

IV.

V.

For internal use 17 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Modules, Cabling configuration Rules and exceptions (2/6)
VI.
Any power connector of ESMx or FSM can be used to provide the power supply to FR module. In addition, the FR can also be power fed by external power supply (applies typically in remote island cases). RM and for external antenna connectors belonging to same sector, any of external antenna connectors can be used to feed out the Rx diversity signal with other BTS. The Rx diversity coming from other BTS must be fed into Rx diversity connector. Cross-feeding, once configured, is typically taken from neighbour RM, but can also be taken from the same RM. No active SW support possible except SCFs custom Rx gain setting. Note that cross-feeding is visible in SCF file so that it is counted as additional antenna. If cross-fed between 2 RMs with antenna optimized configuration, still defined in SCf file 4 antennas.

VII. No RF cables (including Co-Siting or cross-feeding RF cabling) can be autodetected. With

VIII. RM and RRH can not be used simultaneously in same sector. Then RRH is ignored.
However both IDD and normal TRX objects can be used in same sector.

IX. X.

Any TRX object numbers can be allocated on any FR pipes except on FR on SMs port4 that can only have TRX objects 118 allocated. Maximum of two RM modules can be installed on one casing for pole or wall configurations.

For internal use 18 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Modules, Cabling configuration Rules and exceptions (3/6)
XI.
MOBSS or EDGE license (will be built looking like MOBSS) optimized configurations are based on having 2 artifically split sectors using the same Tx and Rx antennas. That can only be built with SCF configuration having more than 1 sector sharing the same antennas and it can be resolved when TRX objects belonging to 2 different sectors are mapped to same antennas. used as per which technology is present standalone or which technologies are shared as per following table:
Technology /bandwidth
2G standalone

Modu lo
4

Consumed indexes/capacity

1 for 11 TRXs (to fit max 36 TRXs in one RP3-01) 2 indexes for 1 carrier 2 for 1 3G carrier, 1 for 2G 2 TRXs 2 for LTE carrier 6 for LTE carrier (made actually 3 x 5MHz) 2 for LTE carrier, MIMO doubles capacity 2 for LTE carrier, MIMO doubles capacity 2 for LTE carrier 2 for LTE carrier 2 for LTE carrier, 1 for 11 TRXs 2 for LTE carrier, 1 for 5 TRXs 2 for LTE carrier, 1 for 2 TRXs 2 for LTE carrier, 1 for 1 TRXs

3G standalone 2G & 3G together LTE/20MHz LTE/15MHz LTE/10MHz LTE/5MHz LTE/3MHz LTE/1.4MHz LTE/10MHz & 2G LTE/5MHz & 2G LTE/3MHz & 2G LTE/1.4MHz & 2G

16 16 2 8 4 8 16 32 4 8 16 32

XII. RP3 link modulo per each RP3 link shall be

For internal use 19 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Modules, Cabling configuration Rules and exceptions (4/6)
XIII. ME1 (EX3.1) nor RU20 do not support 3G extension FSM in shared configurations. XIV. ESMx, FSM, RM and RRH modules follow connector numbering notation from left to right,
but for antenna connectors right to left [NOTE: When observed in front of the front panel]. Furthermore, the antennas have flat numbering (RM:16 and RRH:12) without distinguishing is the antenna dual duplexed Tx & Rx or Rx diversity only. For RM, the Rx diversity to other BTS is fed from ext Rx connector per pipe (this is co-siting, not cross-feeding).

XV. Asymmetrical configurations are supported without any limitations. They may also have
different BC(C)H power levels. In 3G the asymmetric configurations (like 2+1+2) will be converted to next equal configuration (becomes 2+2+2) for internal 3G capacity allocations.

XVI. FSM towards ESMx sync cabling shall be taken from RP3 ext1 connector of FSM. XVII. When 2G TRX objects are defined, the first/only defined object number must reside within
range 118. If specified TRX object number(s) 1936 and ESMB (with 18 TRX objects capacity only) exists, those TRX objects will never become functional.

For internal use 20 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Modules, Cabling configuration Rules and exceptions (5/6)
XVIII.2G dedicated or shared configuration will be terminated for 2G at each FRs MAIA ASIC
based on sector to antenna(s) mapping configuration (retrievable from SCF and BTS_CONF_DATA).

XIX. Synchronization master SM defines the Air interface timing and respective FCB shall feed
to its dedicated and shared FRs. Synchronization slave SM indirectly forwards the FCB received from synchronization master to its dedicated FRs. Ethernet link follows the FCB.

XX. Sync master SM sync slave SM RP3-01 connection must have minimized and always
known length due to minimize extra timing compensation to shared FRs. Therefore FSFO Flexi System Fibre HF 2M 471851A cable shall only be used.

XXI. ESMx and flexi multiradio BTS is always incompliant with 3G HW release 1. FR and FSM
HW release V2.1 or newer must however be compliant with FR HW release 2.

For internal use 21 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Categories and Rules of Configuration


Modules, Cabling configuration Rules and exceptions (5/7)
XXII. Max supported 72 antennas: with 6 sectors 6 antennas each, with 12 sectors 3 antennas
each. Tested with 36 antennas. Note: not tested 9 sectors where each sector is having 4 antennas.

XXIII.One sector having some pipes normal and some other pipes antenna optimized is
untested.

XXIV.At RP3 nodes autodetection all payload slots are marked for control usage. XXV.<empty>

XXVI.MHA or any other antenna line device capable that is shared between 2 FR:s must not
have different technology as radio masters. Rationale: The recovery and alarms handling would become unspecified.

XXVII.Pipes of Remote islands of more than 200 meters distance can not reside in same sector.
The mobiles start have issues with incorrect radio propagation delays.

XXVIII.The 2G technology Air interface timing must be aligned according to legacy BTS
products, like 2G ultrasite and FlexiEDGE BTSs so that unified Air interface timing is possible. Then common BCCH and multi BCF features can work.

For internal use 22 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Medusa HW Configuration
Radio Frequency Types
Abbreviation
FXDA FXDJ FXEA FXCA

Product name
Flexi RF Module Triple 900 Flexi RF Module Triple 900, J-band Flexi RF Module Triple 1800 Flexi RF Module Triple 850

DL bw
20MHz 12.5MHz 20MHz 15MHz

UL bw
20MHz 12.5MHz 30MHz 15MHz

FXFA
FHDA FHEA

Flexi RF Module Triple 1900


Flexi RRH 40+40W 900 Flexi RRH 40+40W 1800

20MHz
25MHz 25MHz

20MHz
35MHz 40MHz

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Radio connection principles and terms

For internal use 24 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Radio connection principles


Dedicated mode
RM/RRH

Dedicated and shared radio

Radio Sharing ESMB/C


sync

ESMB/C
RM/RRH

ESMB/C
sync

RM/RRH

RM/RRH

FSMx FSMx
RM/RRH

RM/RRH

FSMx

System Module chaining


ESMB/C
FSMx
FSM EXT RM/RRH

Dedicated and shared chained radios


RM/RRH

ESMB/C FSMx
FSM EXT

ESMB/C
sync

RM/RRH RM/RRH RM/RRH

RM/RRH RM/RRH RM/RRH

RM/RRH RM/RRH RM/RRH

FSMx

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Radio connection principles


Configuration options

1. 3-pipe vs. RRH configuration 2. Single vs. multiple connections between System and Radio
Modules 3. Chained Radio Modules (more than 1 RM behind a link) 4. 3 Gbit/s vs. 6 Gbit/s RP3-01 link 5. Multiradio vs. single radio technology configuration

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Radio connection principles


RP3 capacity See the attached calculations: The capacity critical cases are the Multiradio configurations with wide LTE bandwidth
A separate RP3-01 from both 2G and LTE System Modules to the 3-pipe
Module is proposed. For higher LTE capacity cases (e.g chaining and LTE Uplink diversity), 6 Gbit/s RP3-01 is proposed

Single fiber RP3-01 Multiradio connections are capacity limited

For internal use 27 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Radio connection principles


Flexi Multiradio BTS: from small to large GSM configurations
Up to 18 GSM TRX; 3 sector support; 3x 60W@antennaconnector Flexible capacity increase from small to very large configurations
Up to 6 cells with 1-12 TRX/cell; Up to 36 TRX per BTS (BCF) Up to 108TRX (36+36+36) in one sits using Multi BCF/common BCCH

Very High capacity sites possible without any cabinets Antenna Optimized Configurations Frequency bands
GSM 850, 900,1800, 1900 Single and Dual Band Configurations

FXxA FXxA ESMC FXxA FXxA ESMC FXxA

FXxA FXxA ESMB FXxA ESMC

FXxA ESMC

Min GSM configuration 6/6/6, 2 modules

Max GSM configuration/BCF 36 TRX, 3 modules

Max GSM configuration (Multi BCF) up to 36/36/36, 9 modules

For internal use 29 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Radio connection principles


Optical RP3 01 interfacing between SM and RFM
OBSAI

GSM SM

RFM 900/1800

Optical OBSAI RP3 01 interface between System


Module and RF Module/RRH Several RF Modules can be simultaneously connected to GSM System Modules in the Base Station The Radios can be in the same or different bands Radio Connections options Separate RP3 01 connections to the system modules (up
to 4 RF Modules can be connected to the system Module Chained* radios (Up to 3 Radios can be chained together in one chain)

Single RM

RFM 900/1800

GSM SM
RFM 900/1800

2 unchained RMs, Single/Dual Band

GSM SM
*Single Technology Chained configurations will be supported with the first Multiradio Maintenance Release (LE P1 2010)

RFM 900/1800

RFM 900/1800

2 Chained* RMs, Single/Dual Band

For internal use 30 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Radio connection principles


Optical RP3 01 interfacing between SM and RFM
RFM 900/1800

GSM SM

RFM 900/1800

GSM SM

RFM 900/1800 RFM 900/1800 RFM 900/1800 RFM 900/1800

3 unchained RMs, Single/Dual Band

3 Chained* RMs, Single/Dual Band

RFM RFM

RFM 900/1800
2 RM in GSM 900 and 2 in 1800

RFM 900/1800

GSM SM
RFM RFM 4 unchained RM, Single Band

GSM SM
RFM 900/1800

3 RMs in 1800 and 1 in 900 3 RMs in 900 and 1 in RM in 1800

RFM 900/1800

4 unchained RM, Dual Band

*Single Technology Chained configurations will be supported with the first Multiradio Maintenance Release (LE P1 2010)
For internal use 31 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Radio connection principles


Optical RP3 01 interfacing between SM and RRH
OBSAI

GSM SM
Single sector

RRH

RRH 900/1800

GSM SM

RRH 900/1800

GSM SM

RRH 900/1800 RRH 900/1800 RRH 900/1800 RRH 900/1800

3 unchained RRH

3 Chained* RRH

*Single Technology Chained configurations will be supported with the first Multiradio Maintenance Release (LE P1 2011)

For internal use 32 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration

For internal use 33 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Cross polarized antennas RF Configurations with single RF Module

TX

RM
MCPA
RXMC

Duplexer

Up to 666 with 1 Radio Module


2 way diversity, 6 antenna ports/module 1 x Pol antenna per sector Output Power 1/1/1 @ 60W per TRX 2/2/2 @ 30W per TRX 3/3/3 @ 20W per TRX 4/4/4 @ 15W per TRX 6/6/6 @ 10W per TRX

RX main RX div

LNA LNA

RX Duplexer

TX RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

LNA LNA

RX Duplexer

TX RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

LNA LNA

RX

Note: Asymmetric powers per TRX are also supported e.g, 4/4/4 with BCCH and 1 TCH TRX@20W and other 2 TCH TRXs@10Weach
For internal use 34 Nokia Siemens Networks

RP3

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Single band RF Configurations with 2 RF Modules (one sector shown)
Chained or unchained RMs 1 x Pol antenna per sector** Output Power 2/2/2 @ 60W per TRX 4/4/4 @ 30W per TRX 6/6/6 @ 20W per TRX 8/8/8* @ 15W per TRX 12/12/12* @ 10W per TRX
TX RP3 TX RX main RX div

RM1
MCPA
RXMC

Duplexer RX Duplexer

LNA
LNA

RM2
MCPA
RXMC

RP3

RX main RX div

LNA LNA

RX

Antenna Optimized Configuration - The sectors are spread over 2 RMs to allow maximum availability - If one RM becomes unavailable, the total traffic gets reduced and RX Diversity would be lost
* With ESMC **Both the branches must be tuned to the same RF Frequency Range
For internal use 35 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Single Band RF Configurations with 3 RF Modules (one sector shown)
TX RP3 RX main RX div

RM1

MCPA
RXMC

RM1 Rx RM2 DRX

Duplexer

LNA LNA

Chained or unchained RMs Antenna optimized** 3 antenna Lines per sector Output Power 3/3/3 @ 60W per TRX 6/6/6 @ 30W per TRX 12/12/12* @ 15W per TRX

RX RM2 Rx Duplexer RM3 DRX

TX RP3 RX main

RM2
MCPA
RXMC

LNA LNA

RX

RX div

RM3 Rx TX RP3

RM3
MCPA
RXMC

RM1 DRX

Duplexer

Antenna Optimized Configuration The sectors are spread over 3 RMs to allow maximum availability If one RM becomes unavailable, the traffic capacity would decrease and RX Diversity would be lost for 1 RM

RX main RX div

LNA LNA

RX

* With ESMC **All the branches must be tuned to the same RF Frequency Range
For internal use 36 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Single Band RF Configurations with 4 RF Modules RM1 (one sector shown) TX MCPA
Duplexer RX RP3 RX main RX div RXMC

LNA

LNA

4 Unchained RMs Antenna Optimized


RP3

TX

MCPA
RXMC

RM2
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX

RX main
RX div

2 x Pol antenna per sector**


Output Power 4/4/4 @ 60W/TRX 8/8/8 @ 30W/TRX

X
TX RP3 RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

RM3
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX

12/12/12* @ 20W/TRX
RP3

TX RX main
* With ESMC

MCPA
RXMC

RM4
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX

RX div

**All the branches must be tuned to the same RF Frequency Range


For internal use 37 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Dual band RF Configurations with 2 RF Modules (one sector shown)
X
TX RP3

RM1
MCPA
RXMC

Duplexer

RFM 900

Chained or Unchained RMs 2x Pol antenna per sector

RX main

LNA LNA

RX

RX div

GSM 900: Up to 6/6/6@10W/TRX


GSM 1800: Up to 6/6/6@10W/TRX
RP3 RX main TX

X
RM2
MCPA
RXMC Duplexer

LNA LNA

Flexible o/p power/TRX enables different combinations of Macro cell 900 and Micro cell 1800

RX

RX div

RFM 1800

For internal use 38 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Dual Band RF Configurations with 3 RF Modules (one sector shown) Cross polarized antennas
TX RP3 RX main RX div

RM1
MCPA
RXMC

X
RFM 900/1800

Duplexer

LNA LNA

Chained or Unchained RMs Mixed: Normal and Antenna Optimized 2 x Pol antenna per sector*

RX Duplexer

TX

RM2
MCPA
RXMC

GSM 900 #
4/4/4@30W/TRX 6/6/6@20W/TRX 8/8/8@15W/TRX

GSM 1800

X
RFM 900/1800

RP3

2/2/2@30W/TRX 3/3/3@20W/TRX 4/4/4@15W/TRX

RX main RX div

LNA LNA

RX Duplexer

TX

RM3
MCPA
RXMC

# or vice versa

RP3

RX main

LNA LNA

RFM 900/1800

RX

RX div

With 2xESMB (Cositing) or 1x ESMC for >18 TRX *Both the branches must be tuned to the same RF Frequency Range
For internal use 39 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Dual Band RF Configurations with 4 RF Modules RM1 (one sector shown) TX MCPA
Duplexer RX RP3 RX main RX div RXMC

LNA

X
RFM 900

LNA

4 Unchained RMs Antenna Optimized 2 x Pol antenna per sector* GSM 900: up to 6/6/6@20W/TRX GSM 1800: up to 6/6/6@20W/TRX
RP3 RP3

TX

MCPA
RXMC

RM2
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX

RX main
RX div

RFM 900

X
TX RX main

MCPA
RXMC

RM3
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX

RFM 1800

Flexible o/p power/TRX enables different combinations of Macro cell 900 and Micro cell 1800
RP3

RX div

TX RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

RM4
LNA LNA

For internal use 40 Nokia Siemens Networks

*Both the branches in each band must be tuned to the same Rx Frequency Range
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Duplexer RX

RFM 1800

RF Configuration
Dual Band RF Configurations with 4 RF Modules RM1 (one sector shown) TX MCPA
Duplexer RX RP3 RX main RX div RXMC

LNA

X
RFM 900

LNA

4 Unchained RMs Antenna Optimized 5 antenna lines per sector* Output Power 30W/TRX GSM 900 6/6/6, GSM 1800 2/2/2, or GSM 1800 6/6/6, GSM 900 2/2/2

TX RP3

MCPA
RXMC

RM2
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX

RX main
RX div

X
RFM 900

TX RP3 RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

RM3
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX Duplexer RX

RFM 900

TX RP3 RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

RM4
LNA LNA

RFM 1800

For internal use 41 Nokia Siemens Networks

*Both the branches in each band must be tuned to the same Rx Frequency Range
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration Most Compact and unique 6 sector GSM site


Up to 25% less sites for same coverage area as for 3 sectors
Flexi Multiradio BTS Feeder less Site 1 System Module and 2 RF modules 6 Sectors (up to 6TRX each) Less than 70Kg Power consumption 1080W (6 x 6, 40% load) 25% lesser sites when compared to 3 sector solution Deployment with Bi-sector Array antennas

4 port antenna
Two 6 sector antennas in common Radome Small adjacent sector overlap and asymmetrical pattern reduce Fits into the existing frequency plan for BCCH and TCH interference

Conventional Multi-Sector
For internal use 42 Nokia Siemens Networks

TenXC Bi-Sector Array

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
RRH single sector configuration
Flexible RRH configurations Dual Duplexer to enable MIMO and
2-way diversity schemes for 1 sector (2 antenna ports / module)
Up to 6+6 MIMO or 12 with 1 RRH Capacity extensions with chaining 12+12+12 with 3 RRH Cost optimized for 1 sector MIMO
configurations
TX Optical RP3 RX main

MCPA

RRH
LNA

Duplexer Duplexer

TX RX main

MCPA
LNA

Flexi RRH 2TX 900 and 1800


MCPA1 GSM Dedicated Mode
1TRX@40W/TRX 2TRX@20W/TRX 3TRX@13W/TRX 4TRX@10W/TRX 5TRX@8W/TRX 6TRX@6W/TRX

Configurations: Minimum: up to 6+6 MIMO (1 module) Maximum: up to 12+12+12 (3 RRH) With these power steps: 1 TRX * 40W (2 ant/sect) 2 TRX * 20W (2 ant/sect) 3 TRX * 13.3W (2 ant/sect) 4 TRX * 10W (2 ant/sect) 5 TRX * 8W (2 ant/sect) 6 TRX * 6.7W (2 ant/sect)
For internal use 43 Nokia Siemens Networks

MCPA2
1TRX@40W/TRX 2TRX@20W/TRX 3TRX@13W/TRX 4TRX@10W/TRX 5TRX@8W/TRX 6TRX@6W/TRX

RRH unit
2TRX@40W/TRX 4TRX@20W/TRX 6TRX@13W/TRX 8TRX@10W/TRX 10TRX@8W/TRX 12TRX@6W/TRX

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration Single band RF Configurations


Example: 3 chained RRH at different Locations
TX

MCPA

RRH1
LNA

Duplexer

RP3

GSM SM

RX main

TX RX main RP3

MCPA
LNA

Remote Sector 1

Duplexer Duplexer

Suitable for remote islands


1x Pol antenna per sector Output Power: 22/2@ 40W per TRX 4/4/4@ 20W per TRX 6/6/6@ 13W per TRX 8/8/8@ 10W per TRX 10/10/10@ 8W per TRX 12/2/12@ 6W per TRX
RP3

TX RX main

MCPA

RRH2
LNA

TX RX main

MCPA
LNA

Remote Sector 2

Duplexer Duplexer

X
TX RX main

MCPA

RRH3
LNA

Remote Sector 3

Duplexer

TX RX main
For internal use 44 Nokia Siemens Networks

MCPA
LNA

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration Antenna Optimized Configuration


Example: 3 RRH on Common Pole or Mast Top
TX RP3 RX main

MCPA

RRH1
LNA

Sector 1

Duplexer Duplexer

Sector 2

TX RX main

MCPA
LNA

Suitable for co located sectors

1x Pol antenna per sector


One sector is spread over two RRHs Allows High Redundancy Failure of one RRH does not result in total Failure of any sector.
RP3

TX

MCPA

RRH2
LNA

Sector 3

Duplexer

RX main

Sector 1

Duplexer

TX RX main

MCPA
LNA

TX RX main RP3 TX RX main


For internal use 45 Nokia Siemens Networks

MCPA

RRH3
LNA

Duplexer Duplexer

Sector 2

MCPA
LNA

Sector 3

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Common Sector Configuration
# of carriers (2G-3G)
1 2 3 4 60 30 20 15

Max Tx Power

Antenna optimized
No No No No 1 1 1 1

# of RF branches (pipes)

# of antennas
1 or 2 1 or 2 1 or 2 1 or 2

6
2 4 6 8 12 6 1 (2G) 1 (3G) 2 (2G) 1 (3G) 3 (3G) 1 (3G) 2 (2G) 1 (3G) 4 (2G) 2 (3G) 1 IDD 2 IDD 4 IDD 1 IDD nad 2 non-IDD
For internal use 46 Nokia Siemens Networks

10
60 30 20 15 10 30 40 20

No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No

1
2 2 2 2 2 3 1

1 or 2
2 2 2 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 1 or 2

20 40
20 20 10 40 10 30 20 40 20 20 60 60 30 30/30 No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 2 2 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 1 or 2 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 2 4 2 No 1 1 or 2

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Configurations)

Common configurations Dedicated 2G Configuration


# of FXxx # of ESMB/C # of FPAA *) **) # of FPDA *) # antennas

Unchained RF Module 1+1+1 up to6+6+6 2UD Two chained RF Modules 2+2+2 up to 12+12+12 2UD Three chained RF Modules 3+3+3 up to 12+12+12 2UD Two unchained RF Modules 2+2+2 up to 12+12+12 2UD Three unchained RF Modules 3+3+3 up to 12+12+12 2UD Four unchained RF Modules 4+4+4 up to 12+12+12 2UD

1 2 3 2 3 4

1 1 1 1 1 1

2 3 4 3 4 5

1 2 2 2 2 3 ***)

6 12 18 12 18 24

*) Optional depending on the external power source. The number of power modules is based on maximum power consumption and does not account for redundancy. **) One FPMA supports up to four FPAAs. FPBAs may also be installed in the FPMA. ***) An FSEC is also required since a maximum of two FPDAs can be installed in parallel for each System Module.
For internal use 47 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Configurations) One RF Module antenna optimised 2 up to 12 OMNI 2UD Two chained RF Modules antenna optimised 2+2+2 up to 12+12+12 2UD Three chained RF Modules antenna optimised 3+3+3 up to 12+12+12 2UD

Common configurations Antenna Optimized


# of FXxx 1 1 # of ESMB/C # of FPAA *) **) 2 # of FPDA *) 1 # antennas 12

12

18

*) Optional depending on the external power source. The number of power modules is based on maximum power consumption and does not account for redundancy.
**) One FPMA supports up to four FPAAs. FPBAs may also be installed in the FPMA.

For internal use 48 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Antenna Sharing with GSM/WCDMA
Concurrent/Non concurrent mode

TX
RP3

RM1
MCPA
RXMC

Duplexer

Non Concurrent Mode RM1: GSM Mode RM2: WCDMA Mode Concurrent Mode RM1/RM2: GSM/WCDMA

GSM

RX main
RX div

LNA LNA

RX

RP3 TX RP3

RM2
MCPA
RXMC

Duplexer

WCDMA

RX main RX div

LNA
LNA

RX

For internal use 49 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
2+2+2 Flexi EDGE extension to 4+4+4 with RFM (one sector shown)

For internal use 50 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Outdoor cabinet configurations
basic GSM 12+12+12 & 3G/LTE Full cabinet

E S M

RFM RFM RFM ESM RFM

RFM ESM FSM RFM RFM ESM FSM RFM F S M

RFM ESM RFM RFM RFM

For internal use 51 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

RF Configuration
Indoor cabinet configurations

For internal use 52 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Example of Configuration

For internal use 53 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Example of Configuration

Dedicated 2G Configuration 1+1+1 up to 6+6+6 2UD with 1 unchained RF Module 1 System Module (ESMB/C) 1 RF Module (FXxx)
PWR IN PWR 1 OPT 1 OPT 1

FXxx

ESMB/C

For internal use 54 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Example of Configuration

Dedicated 2G Configuration 2+2+2 up to 12+12+12 2UD with two chained RF Modules 1 System Module (ESMB/C) 2 RF Modules (FXxx)
PWR IN PWR 1 OPT 1 OPT 1 OPT 2

FXxx

ESMB/C

FXxx

PWR IN
For internal use 55 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

OPT 1

Example of Configuration
Dedicated 2G Configuration 3+3+3 up to 12+12+12 2UD configuration with three chained RF Modules OPT 1 1 System Module (ESMB/C) 3 RF Modules (FXxx) OPT 2
PWR IN

PWR IN
PWR IN PWR 1 PWR 2 OPT 1 OPT 1 OPT 2 OPT 1 OPT 2 FXxx

FXxx
OPT 1

ESMB/C

FXxx PWR 3

For internal use 56 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610 PWR IN

OPT 1

Example of Configuration
Dedicated 2G Configuration 2+2+2 up to 12+12+12 2UD configuration with two
unchained RF Modules

1 System Module (ESMB/C) 2 RF Modules (FXxx)


PWR IN PWR 1 OPT 1 OPT 1 OPT 2

FXxx

ESMB/C

FXxx

PWR IN
For internal use 57 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

OPT 1

Example of Configuration
Dedicated 2G Configuration 3+3+3 up to 12+12+12 2UD configuration with three
unchained RF Modules
OPT 1

1 System Module (ESMB/C) 3 RF Modules (FXxx)


PWR IN

PWR IN
PWR IN PWR 1 PWR 2 OPT 1 OPT 1 OPT 2 OPT 1 FXxx

FXxx
OPT 1 OPT 1

OPT 1

ESMB/C

FXxx PWR 3 PWR IN


For internal use 58 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610 PWR IN

OPT 1 OPT 1

Example of Configuration
Dedicated 2G Configuration 4+4+4 up to 12+12+12 2UD configuration with four
unchained RF Modules

1 System Module (ESMB/C) 4 RF Modules (FXxx)


PWR IN PWR IN PWR IN PWR 1 PWR 2 OPT 1 OPT 1 OPT 2

OPT 1

FXxx OPT 1

FXxx OPT 1 OPT 1 OPT 1 PWR 4 ESMB/C

FXxx PWR 3 PWR IN OPT 1 FXxx PWR IN

For internal use 59 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

OPT 1

Example of Configuration
Antenna-optimised configurations 2 up to 12 OMNI 2UD antenna-optimised
configuration with one RF Module

1 System Module (ESMB/C) 1 RF Modules (FXxx)


PWR IN PWR 1 OPT 1 OPT 1

FXxx

ESMB/C

For internal use 60 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Example of Configuration
Antenna-optimised configurations 2+2+2 up to 12+12+12 2UD antennaoptimised configuration with two chained RF Modules 1 System Module (ESMB/C) 2 RF Modules (FXxx)
PWR IN PWR 1 OPT 1 OPT 1 OPT 2

FXxx

ESMB/C

FXxx

PWR IN
For internal use 61 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

OPT 1

Example of Configuration
Antenna-optimised configurations 3+3+3 up to 12+12+12 2UD antennaoptimised configuration with three chained RF Modules 1 System Module (ESMB/C) 3 RF Modules (FXxx)
PWR IN

PWR IN
PWR IN PWR 1 PWR 2 OPT 1 OPT 1 OPT 1 OPT 2 OPT 1 OPT 2 FXxx

FXxx
OPT 1 OPT 1 OPT 2 OPT 1 ESMB/C

FXxx PWR 3 PWR IN


For internal use 62 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610 PWR IN

OPT 1 OPT 1

Example of Configuration
Shared 2G and 3G with RF Modules 2G 1+1+1 up to 5+5+5/3G 1+1+1 2UD configuration with one RF Module 1 System Module (ESMB/C) 2 RF Modules (FXxx) 1 3G System Module (FSMx) OPT 1
PWR 1 PWR 1 OPT 1 OPT 4 PWR AUX OPT EXT 1

ESMB/C

FSMx

FXxx

PWR IN
For internal use 64 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

OPT 1

OPT 2

Example of Configuration
Concurrent dedicated (2G) and shared (2G and 3G) RF Modules Concurrent dedicated configuration with 1+1+1 20W in 3G and 6+6+6 15W in 2G 1 System Module (ESMB/C) 2 RF Modules (FXxx) 1 3G System Module (FSMx)
PWR 1 OPT 1 PWR 1 OPT 4 PWR AUX OPT 1

3G: 1+1+1 20W


FXxx

2G: 6+6+6 15W The maximum baseband hopping configuration is limited to 6+6+6 and highest usable

OPT 1

OPT EXT 1

ESMB/C

FSMx

number of TRXs is 18.


FXxx

For internal use 65 Nokia Siemens Networks

PWR IN

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

OPT 1 OPT 2

Example of Configuration
IDD configurations 2G 1+1+1 up to 2+2+2 IDD 2UD configuration with two unchained RF Modules 1 System Module (ESMB/C) 2 RF Modules (FXxx)
PWR IN PWR 1 OPT 1 OPT 1

FXxx

ESMB/C

FXxx

PWR IN
For internal use 66 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

OPT 1

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Co-Siting

For internal use 67 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Co-Siting


Co-Siting with existing BTS Types

Flexi Multiradio BTS is a part of the Flexi platform

Fully compatible with the Flexi casings, cabinets and conversion/installation kits Complies with the Flexi power modules and NSN power systems for Flexi Flexi EDGE transmission plug-in units can be used within the Flexi MR system
module

Compatible with the Flexi alarm extension modules (FSEB)


Radio Module is compatible with:

ESMx 2G System Module Rel2 WCDMA System Module Flexi and Ultrasite antenna line
Co-siting is supported with: UltraSite and Flexi System modules

Co-siting with BTSplus is planned in RG20


For internal use 68 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Co-Siting


Co-Siting with UltraSite BTS and / or Flexi EDGE BTS (RG10ED)
Flexi Multiradio can be used as an expansion BTS
to existing Flexi EDGE and UltraSite BTSs and allows the operators to create an effective and flexible GSM / EDGE, WCDMA / HSPA, LTE site

Ultrasite 900

Multiradio Modules can be installed inside UltraSite


cabinets in space-limited sites to expand GSM / EDGE capacity or to be stacked on top of existing Flexi EDGE BTS for capacity expansion and evolution to future technologies
Flexi Multiradio 900 / 1800

The BTS types are synchronized for seamless cositing with Multi BCF / common BCCH

Operator can flexibly migrate to WCDMA / LTE


using the same RF Modules, antennas and feeders

Flexi Multiradio 900 / 1800 Flexi EDGE 900

Transmission can be aggregated between the BTS


types so as there is only one single connection to existing transmission equipment

For internal use 69 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Co-Siting


Evolution from any legacy BTS Flexi LTE BTS co-siting
Antenna Panel Existing or new Multiband antenna Existing or new Multiband antenna New Antenna Existing Antenna

MHA/TMA

Feeder Cable

Existing
Legacy BTS

Inside Legacy BTS


Combining

Stacked installation
Combining Flexi RF Module Flexi System

3 sector RF Module

MHA/TMA

Rooftop Optical /Antenna Installations


Flexi System

Feeder Cable

Legacy BTS

Legacy BTS

Legacy BTS

Flexi RF Module Flexi System

For internal use 70 Nokia Siemens Networks

Migration

Option 1
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Option 2

Option 3

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Co-Siting


Co-Siting technique (1/3)

Sharing of RX diversity paths after LNA (Low Noise Amplifier)


GSM Sharing of RX diversity paths can be done with UltraSite and Flexi EDGE in case that they operate in the same frequency band

Flexi Multiradio BTS

Flexi EDGE BTS


For internal use 71 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Co-Siting


Co-Siting technique (2/3)

Sharing of feeders using Diplexers

Sharing of feeders is done when both BTSs operate in different frequency bands or in case RX diversity paths cannot be shared (3rd party BTS)

diplexers

For internal use 72 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Co-Siting


Co-Siting technique (3/3)

Sharing of TX and RX antennas using Multi Radio Combiner (MRC)

Sharing of TX and RX antennas using Multi Radio Combiner can be done with Flexi WCDMA release 1 BTS (both BTSs have to operate in the same frequency band).

MRC

For internal use 73 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

*) MRC = multi radio combiner

For internal use 74 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE / 090610

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