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ENHANCEMENT SPEECH QUALITY(KPIs) BY OPTIMIZING GSM RF NETWORK SERVICE AREA WITH HELP OF ACTIX POST PROCESSING TOOL

INTRODUCTION
Aim of Network Optimisation oImproved Network Quality Speech quality, Call success rate, Call setup time oImproved Network Availability Service area , Radio Coverage oOptimised utilisation of installed equipment Increase in subscriber potential

OVERVIEW OF GSM TECHNOLOGIES


Evolution Of Wireless Communication System: o1G o2G o3G

o4G

WHY GSM??
oMobility
oHigh security oVariable power oMinimum interference oSupports international roaming

GSM ARCHITECTURE

KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS


CSSR (Call Set up Success Rate). CDR (Call Drop Rate). HSR (Handover Success Rate). TCH (Traffic Channel) Congestion Rate. RX Level. RX Quality.

OPTIMIZATION

Network Optimization can be defined as a continuous process of improving overall network quality. Activity of achieving and maintaining the required quality as designed.

Who does Optimization & Why?


It

is generally done by RF Engineer. The main aim of optimization is to maintain and improve efficiency of the network.

Maintain and

Improve KPIs.

Deviations between plan and reality .

OPTIMIZATION BLOCK DIAGRAM

DRIVE TEST
The

primary tool used by most service providers to solve network problems is a Drive-test system.
Drive

testing is done continually to monitor the health of the network.


It

is a normal procedure to define drive test routes and have them drive tested daily to monitor the network.
The
The

routes should be approximately 2-3 hrs in duration.


software used for drive test is JDSU.

Drive Test Equipment


Test Mobile phone Scanning receiver Transceiver system Antennas GPS Visual display unit Microphone Loudspeaker box Laptop computer

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
Why?
To analyse the errors occurring in a network and enhance the quality of the complete network.

CONT.
When?
There are three cases when we have to perform this analysis
Case1: when any errors occur in the network like lack of coverage

area, dropped calls, handover failure etc.


Case2: when there is any malfunctioning of the equipments

connected over the network


Case3: when there are any complaints arising from the customers

regarding the network performance

SOFTWARE USED

The software used is ACTIX TOOL

Version of this software is

4.05.227.021

SCREENSHOTS OF ANALYSIS

REASONS FOR EFFECTING THE KPIS


CSSR
Due to radio interface congestion.

Increase in radio traffic in inbound network. Faulty BSS Hardware.

CDR
Interference Coverage limitation Hardware faults

CONT
HSR
Location area code
Interference Hardware faults

TCH
TRX Hardware faults Lesser capacity sites

CONT
RX LEVEL
Low RX level might arise due to following issues:
Antenna orientation and tilt
High VSWR value Tx power

CONT
RX QUALITY
Interference Low Rx level

H/O failure
Hardware problem

SOLUTIONS
CSSR
Radio Resources enhancement
Transmission media Expansion to enhance hardware

additions
Faulty Hardware Replacement

CONT..
CDR
Faulty Hardware Replacement in order to ensure there

sources availability in live network.

Existing coverage optimization might be done using

physical optimization techniques.

Frequency hopping technique is also incorporated to

minimize the effect of interference.

CONT
HSR
Interference free band. Adjacencies audits must be done in order to improve

HSR.
Coverage improvement

TCH
Faulty hardware maintenance or replacement can also

minimize TCH congestion.


BSS Resources addition and expansion.

CONT
RX LEVEL
Physical check of orientation and tilt. Check RF connectors and RF cables.

RX QUALITY
Define proper neighbours. Reduction of antenna height, orientation and tilt.

CONCLUSION
As per demand for cellular services increases, operators need to be able to test and troubleshoot their networks to ensure performance quality.