Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

BY: VRINDA GOSWAMI POOJA DAS SUMIT KARMAKAR SUMIT VARSHNEY PROJECT MENTOR-Mr.

KAMALRAJ SINGH

CONTENTS
Introduction

Limitation

of robot using RF circuits or technology DTMF technology Why we used DTMF technology? Control and design steps Milestones

INTRODUCTION

Radio control (often abbreviated to R/C or simply RC) is the use of radio signals to remotely control a device.

The objective of our project is to control the robotic (Robots can be autonomous or semiautonomous machine) assistance by mobile phone using DTMF technology.

LIMITATION OF ROBOT USING RF - TECHNOLOGY


Conventionally,

wireless-controlled robots use RF technology which have the drawback of :# Limited working range. # Limited frequency range. # Limited control.

DTMF TECHNOLOGY

In this , the robot is controlled by a mobile phone that makes a call to the mobile phone attached to the robot. In the course of a call, if any button is pressed, a tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end of the call. This tone is called "Dual Tone Multiple-Frequency" (DTMF) tone. The robot perceives this DTMF tone with the help of the phone stacked on the robot.

The received tone is processed by the microcontroller with the help of DTMF decoder.

WHY WE USED DTMF TECHNOLOGY?

Use of a mobile phone for robotic control can overcome the limitation of RF technology. It provides the advantage of robust control, working range as large as the coverage area of the service provider, no interference with other controllers and up to twelve controllers. It has little noise interference. It ha large bandwidth.

CONTROL AND DESIGN STEPS

For the designing of our project we require we some specific hardware and software and then interfacing the components with each other to accomplish the task required by our project . Control of robot consists of mainly 3 phases:1. Perception 2. Processing 3. Action

The main component of hardware section of our project are given below:

HARDWAR REQUIREMENT

Microcontroller (Atmega16 or 8051) Crystal Oscillator (4 MHz) DTMF decoder IC(MT8870) Servo Motor Voltage Regulator (IC 7805) Resistors Capacitors Transistors LEDs

The software required are :-

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT

1. Keil compiler is used for programming the microcontroller and generating the HEX file. Language used: Embedded C or Assembly 2. Proteus ISIS for designing and simulating the circuit.

PERCEPTION

First part is the decoding of DTMF tone generated by pressing a key in calling phone. Audio signal output from receiving is fed to DTMF decoder chip. Decoder chip converts DTMF tone into binary codes to be fed to microcontroller.

PROCESSING

After perception stage , microcontroller process the binary codes it receives. Microcontroller is pre-programmed in C or ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE to perform specific task according to inputs bits.

ATmega16 or 8051 is used for processing.

ACTION

Final stage is rotation of motor based on input given by microcontroller.


Servo motor are driven by PWM generated by the microcontroller.

MILESTONES
1.This is the basic phase but the most time consuming phase as in this phase we would do extensive research on robotic assistance.

STUDY AND RESEARCH (September)

2. We will be assembling all the previous works that have been done and all the possible innovations that we can instil in our project work.

1. Keil compiler is used for programming the microcontroller . 2. Proteus ISIS for designing and simulating the circuit.

KNOWING THE SOFTWARE (Sept-Oct)

All the basic operations and different components which can be simulated with the help of Proteus ISIS and Keil compiler will provide an impetus and act as driving force in our mainstream project.

SIMULATION OF CIRCUIT (Nov-Jan):

1.Study of signal generation and observation. 2.We optimized the circuit for better performance. 3.Programme codes tested in virtual microcontroller. 4.Fault detection and correction.

ACTUAL FABRICATION(THE HARDWARE STAGE) (Feb):

With the advent of 8th semester, we shall hopefully hit the final nail in the coffin by synthesizing the the mobile operated

robotic assistance circuit with the help of an ARM industry.

FINAL THESIS (Mar):

With the completion of our project, we will submit the intricate details about the various concepts and processing stages of the mobile operated robotic assistance circuit in the form of a thesis.