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Training on Pasolink +

Technical Center Group NEC India

Digital Microwave Radio Maintenance Pasolink +

GENERAL

This section provides instructions for maintenance of the 11/13/15/18/23/ 26/32/38 GHz 150 MB digital microwave radio system. This section provides instructions on the precautions, preventive maintenance, corrective maintenance.

PRECAUTIONS
The following precautions must be carefully observed during maintenance. The maintenance personnel should report arrival at and departure from a station to the relevant station. The following are dangers and warnings to the maintenance personnel. Warning: 1.The 43 V DC power is superimposed on the center conductor of the coaxial cable between the IDU and the ODU. Connecting test equipment directly to this terminal may damage it and touching the coaxial cable core may cause electrical shock. 2.Do not disconnect the IF cable between the IDU and the ODU in operating condition, to avoid damaging the IDU and ODU. Do not remove/connect the IF cable with the IDU power ON, turn the IDU power OFF before connecting the IF cable. 3. After turning ON the equipment, wait at least 1 minute before turning it OFF again. Repeatedly turning the power ON and OFF within a short interval may cause the IDU to fail.

Caution :
1. In a system using the OPTICAL STM-1 INTFC, do not stare at the laser beam or look at it directly with optical instruments. Otherwise, it may hurt your eyes (Class 1 Laser Product).

2. The top surface of the IDU above MODEM is hot in operation.


3. When replacing the ODU, MODEM, STM-1 INTFC turn off the PWR switch and disconnect all cables connected to the module which is to be replaced. 4. During maintenance, the IDU should be set to Maintenance "On" condition by the local craft terminal (LCT). 5. If each setup item of "Equipment Setup" or "Provisioning" is changed during in operation, traffic will be momentarily interrupted. 6. When the TX SW is activated, momentary traffic interruption may occurs 7. Before removing or installing the IDU/ODU, turn off the power switch on the MODEM

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
This section provides the routine maintenance procedures to ensure the satisfactory operation of the equipment. During preventive maintenance, carefully observe the precautions
Check Item
18/23 GHz 26 GHz Tx Power 32 GHz 38 GHz

Normal Indication
11/13/15 GHz +21 to -4 dBm +19 to -6 dBm +18 to 7dBm +17 to 3 dBm +14.5 to 5.5 dBm

Allowable range
Nominal indication +/- 3 dBm

RX Level ODU PS MON

-30 to 50 dBm -43V

Rx level precision is +/3dBm (typical) -32 to 46V

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
Notes: 1. If an abnormal indication appears, check Alarm/ Status, performance monitor and perform loopback test to distinguish sections of normal and alarmed. 2. RX LEV varies depending on received RF signal level.

3. Power Supply voltage at ODU varies depending on IF cable length between the IDU and ODU.

CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE
Corrective maintenance done in the field is described in this chapter.
Corrective maintenance in the field covers fault isolation, module/unit replacement and SW settings. The fault location procedures describe how to isolate module-level/unitlevel faults.
Faults can be classified into those that cause deterioration of the transmission quality and those that interrupt the traffic due to a malfunction of the equipment. This chapter explains the troubleshooting procedures for equipment faults and the corresponding remedial methods.

The purpose of troubleshooting malfunctioning equipment is to restart the service by locating the faulty part and replacing it with a spare.
The faults that cause deterioration in the transmission quality are primarily originated by changes occurred in the state of propagation. Therefore, if a decline in the transmission quality or similar fault takes place frequently, the link design will have to be reviewed.

CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE

The following 3 methods are available to check the details of a fault:

Checking the ALM LED Indications and LCT Indication


Meter readings Loopback.

CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE
The following 3 methods are available to check the details of a fault: (a) Checking the ALM LED Indications and LCT Indication: A faulty part can be located by checking the ALM LED indications and LCT indications (b) Meter Readings: Based on the meter readings during periodical inspection described in previous section, a faulty part can be located by checking if the reading values exceed the permissible ranges. Table bellow shows the correspondence between the items for which abnormal readings. In the case of an abnormal BER measurement result among the meter reading items, try to locate the faulty part by (c) Loopback: When there is an interruption of signals, use the STM/SONET analyzers and isolate the faulty part by checking the passage of the STM-1 signal by loopback. Locate the fault by using the diagrams.

CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE
DETECTING CIRCUIT
INPUT STM-1 SIGNAL IS LOST FROM MUX

ALARM CONDITION

MODULE LED ALM (150/OPT INTFC) ALM (150/OPT INTFC) ALM (150/OPT INTFC) ALM (150/OPT INTFC) ALM (150/OPT INTFC) ALM (150/OPT INTFC) ALM (150/OPT INTFC) ALM (150/OPT INTFC) ALM (150/OPT INTFC) COLX/DUPLEX(BLINK)( 10/100BASE-T INTFC) ALM(10/100BASE-T INTFC) ALM(WS INTFC/LAN)

ALM INITIATED MAIN INTFC LOS MAIN INTFC LOS E-BER MUX SD-MUX MAIN INTFC LOS DMR MAIN INTFC LOF DMR E-BER DMR SD DMR MAIN INTFC COLLISION LINK SUB INTFC MD CPU ALM MOD ALM DEM ALM HIGH BER ALM PS MODEM TX POWER ALM TX INPUT ALM RX LEV ALM APC ALM

LED INDICATION IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM

FRAME SYNCHRONIZATION OF INPUT STM-1 SIGNAL FROM MUX IS LOST BER IS WORSE THAN PRESET VALUE BER IS WORSE THAN PRESET VALUE (10-3 (10-5 TO TO 10-5 10-9 SELECTABLE) FROM MUX SIDE SELECTABLE) FROM MUX SIDE

RECEIVE STM-1 SIGNAL FROM RADIO IS LOST FRAME SYNCHRONIZATION OF THE STM-1 SIGNAL RECEIVED FROM RADIO LINK IS LOST 150 / OPT INTFC BER IS WORSE THAN PRESET VALUE (10-3 TO 10-5 SELECTABLE) FROM RADIO SIDE BER IS WORSE THAN PRESET VALUE (10-5 TO 10-9 SELECTABLE) FROM RADIO SIDE

150M INTFC / OPT INTFC MODULE FAILURE COLLISION CONDITION OCCURS LINK OF LAN (10/100 BASE-T INTFC) AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT IS NOT ESTABLISHED WS INTFC/ LAN CARD MODULE FAILURE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN MIODULES FAIL MODULATOR FAILURE MODEM DEMODULATOR FAILURE AND INPUT IF SIGNAL LOSS BER IS WORSE THAN PRESET VALUE (10-4 TO 10-6 SELECTABLE) FROM RADIO SIDE DC-DC CONV FAILURE MODEM FAILURE TRANSMIT RF POWER INCREASE/DECREASE BY APPROX. 3 dB FROM NOMINAL TX IF SIGNAL FROM THE IDU IS LOST ODU RECEIVER INPUT ;EVE; DECREASES BELOW SQUELCH LEVEL(32QAM -81dBm, 128 QAM -72 dBm) APC LOOP OF THE LOCAL OSCILLATOR UNLOCK

IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM IDU 1 & 2 ALM ODU 1& 2 ALM ODU 1& 2 ALM ODU 1& 2 ALM ODU 1& 2 ALM

COMMUNICATION BETWEEN IDU AND ODU IS LOST


WHEN EQUIPMENT IS SET TO ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE MODE FAR END / NEAR END LOOPBACK ON / ATPC MANUAL CONTROL ALS MANUAL RESTART / MOD CW ON / MUTE ON (TX OUTPUT POWER MUTED)

CABLE ALM

ODU 1& 2 ALM

MAINT

MAINT

CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE

Meter Condition
Tx Power Rx level ODU PS MON ODU o Path propagation or ODU DC-DC Conv module on MD unit of IDU or IF cable

Fault isolation

1
2

Note: O indicates abnormal condition.

CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE

Notes: 1. Service will be interrupted during Loopback condition. 2. Following Loopback operation is not performed simultaneously. IF Loopback Near End Loopback Far End Loopback

3. Loopback operation is not performed with an opposite station simultaneously.

CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE
IF loopback
Used for localizing equipment failure to ODU or IDU. The input STM-1 signal from MUX is looped back at IF stage.

If no abnormality is found in the signal after IF loopback, then the ODU has a problem.
STM-1 loopback (NEAR END) Used for localizing equipment failure to MUX equipment or radio equipment. The input STM-1 signal from MUX is looped back and then output with STM-1 signal. If no abnormality is found in the signal with NEAR END loopback, then the radio equipment (IDU or ODU) has a problem. STM-1 loopback (FAR END) Used for localizing equipment failure to MUX equipment or radio equipment. Signal is looped back at the IDU of the opposite station. If no abnormality is found in the signal through FAR END loopback, then the local radio equipment (IDU or ODU) has no problem.

Thanks for your Attention. Have a nice day.