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Presentation on Nathuram Godse and the assassination of Gandhi


by Gattesh yadav

introduction
Nathuram godse was born on19 May 1910 Baramati, Pune District, Bombay Presidency, British India (now in Maharashtra, India) Born as a chitpavan brahmin,to Marathi family . His father, Vinayak Vamanrao Godse, was a post office employee and his mother was Lakshmi

His actual name was ramachandra


Godse attended the local school at Baramati through the fifth standard, after which he was sent to live with an aunt in Pune so that he could study at an English-language school

Godse dropped out of high school and became an


activist with Hindu nationalist organizations such as the Hindu Mahasabha, and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS)

Godse started a Marathi newspaper for Hindu

Mahasabha called Agrani, which some years later


was renamed Hindu Rashtra.

Reasons for killing Mohandas Gandhi


Nathuram had given 150 reasons for

killing Gandhi;

1. In 1919 people of India wanted General Dyer to be tried for the Massacre of innocent people at Jalianwalla Baugh . Gandhi refused to support this demand.

continued

2.Whole of India wanted Gandhi to intervene and save Bhagat Singh,Rajguru and Sukhdev from the Gallows. Gandhi stubbornly refused on the grounds that they were misguided freedom fighters, and theirs was an act of violence.

3. On 6th May 1946 on public platform, Gandhi asked Hindus to sacrifice and not fight the members of Muslim league. In Kerala Muslim league members killed over 1500 Hindus and converted 2000 to Islam. Instead of protesting Gandhi expressed that it was a brave act of Allah's followers.

4. On several occasions Gandhi called Shivaji, Maha Rana pratap and Guru

Govind Singh as misguided nationalists.


continued......

5. Gandhi advised Raja Harisingh of Kashmir to abdicate


as Kashmir had Muslim majority ,and settle down in Kashi. On the other hand he supported the Nizam (Osman AliKhan ) of Hyderabad to join Pakistan , even though the state of Hyderabad(Andhra , Telangana ,Karnataka and Berar) had Hindu majority. Nizam Osman Ali Khan, Sardar Vallabh bhai Patel however over ruled Gandhi .When Nehru heard of Patel's police action in Hyderabad (operation POLO) he disconnected his telephone with Patel. Nizam

surrendering to Patel

6. In 1931 the congress committee on designing of Indian flag suggested that the flag be only in saffron. Gandhi insisted changed it to a tri color flag.

Continued..

7. During the Tripura congress , Subhash Chandra Bose was elected


as president with majority however Gandhi supported Pattabhi Sitaramayya forcing Bose to resign.

8. On 15th June 1947 during congress conclave it was decided to resist the partition of India but Gandhi went to the meeting at the last minute and supported the partition. In fact it was Gandhi who had declared earlier that partition will take place only over my dead body.

9. Sardar Patel was elected by majority as the first Prime Minister

but Gandhi insisted on Nehru .

Continued..

10. Nehru government had decided to reconstruct Somnath Mandir at its cost but Gandhi without even being a member of the ministry forced the Govt. to reject this proposal .At the same time on 13th January 1948 he went on a fast to allow Muslims to repair the mosque in Delhi at govt's cost.

11. When Hindus refugees returned to India after partition, some of them took shelter in some mosques temporarily .When Muslims objected ,Gandhi forced all such Hindus children, ladies and the old to leave the mosque and live on the streets.

12. In October 1947 Pakistan attacked Kashmir , Gandhi went on a fast and

forced the Indian Govt to pay Pakistan a compensation of Rs.55 crore. Gandhi
did not mind hurting Hindu feelings to win over the Indian Muslims. Continued.

Godse approached Gandhi on January 30, 1948 during the evening prayer at 5:15PM. He shot Gandhi in the chest three times at point-blank range with a Beretta M

1934 semi-automatic pistol. Gandhi died


almost immediately. Following the assassination of Gandhi, he was put on trial at Peterhoff, Shimla which housed the Punjab High Court. On November 8, 1949, Godse was sentenced to death.

Godse was hanged at Ambala Jail on


November 15, 1949, along with Narayan Apte, a co-conspirator Continued..

Suggested books
Gandhi Vadh aur Main (Gandhi Hatya Aani Me), by Gopal Godse (1967) May it Please your Honor!, published by Surya Bharti, India, (2003) - the play based upon the book was banned.

Why I assassinated Mahatma Gandhi, published by Surya Bharti (1993)


Nine Hours to Rama, Stanley A.Wolpert (1962)

Suggested movies
The actor Horst Buchholz portrayed Nathuram Godse in the 1963 film Nine Hours to Rama.
In the 1982 film Gandhi, the actor Harsh Nayyar portrayed Godse.

The film Hey Ram, made in 2000,directed by kamal hasan.