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Sin is an offense against reason, truth, and right conscience.

It is a failure in genuine love of God and neighbor caused by a perverse attachment to certain goods.

wounds the nature of the human person and injures human solidarity. It has been defined as an utterance ; a deed, or a desire contrary to the eternal law.

Pride is often seen as the reason for mans stiff-necked refusal to love his God or other men.

Pride cut off the living relationship between God and man and led to death.

Living relationship was expressed in terms of a covenant, an agreement of love between God and his people to be faithful to one another.


missing the mark focuses on the offense inflected on another by failing to meet ones covenant obligation.


depravity and perversity refer to the defect of a character or disorder that weighs the sinner down.


rebellion and transgression picture sin as a conscious choice which destroys positive relationships.


more primitive, less morally developed idea of sin which pictures it as a defilement or stain, the sense of being unclean before the face of God, the All-Holy.


More ethical view of sin [resented on the all testament, in the stories of prophets, and covenant narratives.


Sin is a personal rejection of a love relationship.

Also talks of sin in terms of relationship. Jesus affirmed that the greatest commandment had to do with a loving relationship: You love God above all things and your neighbor as yourself. Sin is considered as ungrateful desertion of the Lord. It is antitheses of charity, and offense against love. Sin is a lawlessness and unrighteousness. It is loving darkness rather than light the sinner hates the light.

reducing to one of two factors: Pride- refusing to be subject to God and not desiring to receive ones perfection from Him. Sensuality- not trying permeates ones body by Spirit. Love of self is a natural thing. But to sin is to love ones self inordinately, not being open to god and to ones fellowmen. In the full light of Christian revelation, we know that God comes to us the source and goal of our freedom. Sin, then, involves not merely closing ones self against ones true destiny but rejecting the gracious offer of God. We refuse our true fulfillment In God and try to find it in our poor ego, when all the time, God is calling us to intimacy with Himself.

Social sins- stress complicity in evil by showing how members of the same groups are mutually involved. It can refer to the following:
Sins Sins

power to affect others by reason of human solidarity

that directly attack human rights and basic freedoms, human dignity, justice and common good

affecting relationships between or among human communities such as class struggle or obstinate confrontations between blocs of nations

of sins or sinful structures that are consequences of sinful choices and acts, and economic system of exploitations

Participating directly and voluntarily in

them Ordering, advising, praising or approving them Not disclosing or not hindering them when we have the obligation to do so Protecting evildoers

o Structures of sins- are the expressions and

effect of personal sins.

o Social sins- victim- their victims are lead to do

evil in their turn

o Private sin- we are in a way staining or

defiling the society/community which meant to be clean

o Personal sin- we dirt the society which should

be clean.

Mortal sins may disrobe as the outcome of the deliberate reversal, of our option to be for god and for others. It is the full commitment to an option which contradicts gods will and a persons authentic goals realization of ones natural goal (happiness) and super natural goals (communion with god) It pre supposes, therefore, a clear knowledge of the serious disorder of the sinful decision and full consent of the freewill.

One commits a mortal sin when:

There is a full knowledge or awareness of the wrong choice. The gravity or seriousness of the object of the act is a significant manner. there is full and deliberate consent of the freewill that presupposes the actual doing of this wrong option.

3 Dimension of sin.
Spiral - sin enslaves as in a contagious, pathological habit

of vice that acts like a virus, infecting social attitudes and structures such as family, social groups, and likes.

Sickness - sin can also described as a sickness. Saint Luke

links healing to be forgiveness of sin.

Addiction - a process over which we become powerless as

it becomes progressively more compulsive and obsessive. Sin as addiction leads to a pattern of ever deeper deception of self and others, ending in the inevitable disintegration of all our major personal and social relationship

We need to consider these dimensions of sin in order for us to have;


realistic appraisal of the sinners actual operative freedom. orientation toward the process of healing and forgiveness.



on the overriding importance of the social and structural dimensions of sin.

Being responsible for particular actions

A person is responsible meaning answerable for his or her action, We have to admit that we have committed sin. Example: Did I make a mistake on my income tax? YES. Did I hit you a soft ball? YES. Did I crash the red light? YES.

being blameworthy for particular action

I am blameworthy, morally speaking, only if I have moral guilt for my actions.

Example: Yes, I made a mistake on my income tax, but simply because I accidentally inadvertently failed to carry over a 0 in the exemptions column. I am responsible for my action, nut since I did not intend it, my blameworthiness is lessened. Perhaps, though, I should have been more careful
In traditional terms, a sin is a serious sin for me under the following circumstances:

Proliferation Rapid reproduction or increase in numbers; a large number of something. - Concise English dictionary

Effects of Repeated Sins

Within the person, repetition of sin brings about a proclivity to sin, resulting in perverse inclinations and erroneous judgments. Sin reinforces itself and destroys any moral roots.

The Seven Capital Sins

Vices can be classified according to the virtues they oppose, or also be linked to the capital sins which Christian experience has distinguished, following St. John Cassian and St. Gregory the Great. They are called "capital" because they engender other sins, other vices. They are pride, avarice, envy, wrath, lust, gluttony, and sloth or acedia.

The repetition of sins - even venial ones engenders vices, among which are the capital sins

St. Paul warned the Galatians of the works of the flesh are plain: fornication, impurity, licentiousness, idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, anger, selfishness, dissentions, factions, envy, drunkenness, carousing, and the like. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

Thank you!
We hope you comprehend!