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FACTUAL DESCRIPTION

FACT- A Fact is " something that actually exists; reality; truth. ETYMOLOGY- The word Fact derives from the Latin Factum and was first used in English with the same meaning " a thing done or performed" a use that is not obsolete. The current usage of " something that has really occurred or happened " dates back to 16th century.

FACTUAL DESCRIPTION- To factually describe something is to present it as it is or appears to be.

Difference between a Factual Description and a Report


Factual Description 1. A brief factually correct account of a person/place/object/ process Usually simple Present Tense is used except when describing something from past. Written Objectively without personal inputs. Flow of information is from General to Specific. Report Writing An account of a past eventfunction/ seminar/ workshop/ accident/ robbery etc. Always written in Past Tense and appropriate use of Passive Voice is done when required. Includes eye-witness accounts and is otherwise Objective.

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Points to Remember
How to describe; an event/ a process/ a place/ an object Think of the main points Organize these points In a logical sequence Dont use I/ We/ You Write the paragraph in simple present tense (For events use past tense) Give it a heading. Use link words like (first, then, next, finally) Follow the word limit 125 words.

Points to Remember
Factual Description of an object/place Write the description in exact order in which its found/placed. Start with a general description and then move to specific details. Start with the description of the exterior and then describe the interior, i.e. first outside, then inside. Give it a heading. Dont use I/ We/ You. Follow the word limit 125 words.

Points to Remember
Factual Description of a process: Remember to describe it in the order in which things actually happen/ are done. Use present tense. Use link words to organise the points that describe the process. Dont use I/ We/ You. Give it a heading. Follow the word limit 125 words.

Points to Remember
Factual Description of an event: Use past tense to describe the event. All factual description are written in one long paragraph. Give it a heading. Dont use I/ We/ You. Follow the word limit 125 words.

PAIR ACTIVITY
a) Form pairs b) Blindfold your partner c) Describe the picture in front of you to your partner. Time- two minutes d) Remove the picture and the blindfold. e) Write a description of the picture as described to you by your partner without any fresh inputs from your partner. Word limit-100 words. f) Read out the description to the class. g) See the actual picture. h) Pick out the mistakes and omissions. i) Rewrite the factual description.

Write the following


Cell Phone Your desk in the class Your best friend