Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 26

SCIENCE FICTION

PREPARED BY: LEONG QING YI (160764)

WHAT IS SCIENCE FICTION?

"I define science fiction as fiction in which things happen that are not possible today that depend, for instance, on advanced space travel, time travel, the discovery of green monsters on other planets or galaxies, or that contain various technologies we have not yet developed."

Margaret Atwood, Writing With Intent: Essays, Reviews, Personal Prose: 1983-2005

"[Science fiction is] that class of prose narrative treating of a situation that could not arise in the world we know, but which is hypothesised on the basis of some innovation in science or technology, or pseudo-science or pseudo-technology, whether human or extra-terrestrial in origin.
Kingsley Amis

"A science fiction story is a story built around human beings, with a human problem and a human solution, which would not have happened at all without its scientific content. Theodore Sturgeon, quoted in A Saucer Of Loneliness: The Complete Stories of Theodore Sturgeon

SCIENCE FICTION ELEMENTS


Alternative timelines A spatial setting or scenes in outer space (e.g. spaceflight), on other worlds, or on subterranean earth. Characters that include aliens, mutants, androids, or humanoid robots. Futuristic technology

SCIENCE FICTION ELEMENTS


Scientific principles that are new or that contradict accepted laws of nature New and different political or social systems Paranormal abilities. Other universes or dimensions and travel between them.

SUBGENRES OF SCIENCE FICTION

CYBERPUNK
Combination of cybernetics and punk The time frame is usually near-future Settings are often dystopian in nature and characterized by misery Common themes in cyberpunk include advances in information technology especially the Internet, cyberspace, artificial intelligence, prosthetics and post-democratic societal control where corporations have more influence than governments Protagonists may be disaffected or reluctant anti-heroes

STEAMPUNK
Typically features steam-powered machinery Settings are inspired by industrialized Western civilization during the 19th century Often set in an alternate history of the 19th century's British Victorian era or American "Wild West", in a post-apocalyptic future during which steam power has regained mainstream use, or in a fantasy world that similarly employs steam power Features anachronistic technologies or retrofuturistic inventions as people in the 19th century might have envisioned them

WHAT DO SCIENCE FICTION SETTINGS LOOK LIKE?

WHAT DO SCIENCE FICTION CHARACTERS LOOK LIKE?

EXAMPLES OF FAVOURITE SCIENCE FICTION LITERATURE

1Q84 by Haruki Murakami

Frankenstein by Mary Shelley

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne

SCIENCE FICTION IN POPULAR CULTURE

CYBERPUNK FASHION

STEAMPUNK FASHION AND TECHNOLOGY