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Tensile Test Report


Graphical Analysis and Computational Results of Collected Data

Tensile Report Layout


Your Tensile report will include 10 pages which will contain the following information: Title page Statistical Process Control Data collected from tensile data Proportional Strength - Definition-graph-calculation Yield Strength - Definition-graph-calculation Tensile or Ultimate Strength - Definition-graph-calculation Breaking/Rupture Strength - Definition-graph-calculation Modulus of Elasticity - Definition-graph-calculation Modulus of Resilience - Definition-graph-calculation Modulus of Toughness - Definition-graph-calculation Calculations Page - data not needing graphical representation

Material and Materials Title Page Testing in Engineering


Major Topic Heading Course Name Topic of Paper Student Name Instructor Date Period
John Vielkind-Neun Instructor: Mr. Smith May 17, 2000 Period 6 Destructive Tensile Test of Aluminum

Principles of Engineering
Unit 6

Statistical Process Control Data


Cut SPC data sheet into sections and glue to titled page Break information into appropriate sections. e.g. Recorded Data Results Histogram
Statistical Process Control
Aluminum Data

Proportional Limit Stress


Proportional Limit - The greatest stress a material is capable of withstanding without deviation from a straight -line proportionality between stress and strain. If the force applied to the material is released the material will return to its original shape and size.

Graph Calculation
Proportional/ Elastic Limit

Stress (S) psi

S=F/A

Strain () in/in

Yield Point Stress


Yield point - The point at which a sudden elongation takes place, while the load on the sample remains the same or actually drops. If the force applied to the material is released the material will not return to its original shape and size.
Yield Point

Stress (S) psi

Calculation Graph
Strain () in/in

S=F/A

Ultimate or Tensile Stress


Ultimate Strength - The point at which the maximum load for a sample is achieved. Beyond this point, elongation of the sample continues but the force being exerted decreases. Graph

Ultimate Strength

Calculation S=F/A

Stress (S) psi

Strain () in/in

Breaking/Rupture Stress
Breaking/Rupture Stress - The maximum amount of stress that can be applied before rupture occurs. The material fractures in the necking region where the material reduces in diameter as the material elongates.
Necking Region

Rupture Point

Stress (S) psi

Calculation S=F/A

Graph

Strain () in/in

Modulus of Elasticity
Modulus of Elasticity -A measure of a materials ability to regain its original dimensions after the removal of a load or force. The modulus is the slope of the straight line portion of the stress-strain diagram up to the proportional limit.

Stress (S) psi

Proportional / Elastic Limit

Calculation E = (F1 -F2)Lo / (1 - 2)A

Slope

Graph
Strain () in/in

Modulus of Resilience
Modulus of Resilience -A measure of a materials ability to absorb energy up to the elastic limit. This modulus is represented by the area under the stress versus strain curve from zero force to the elastic limit.
Elastic Region

Calculation
Stress (S) psi

Elastic Limit
Graph

Ur = 1/2 (yp)( yp)

Strain () in/in

Modulus of Toughness
Modulus of Toughness -A measure of a materials ability to plastically deform without fracturing. Work is performed by the material absorbing energy by the blow or deformation. This measurement is equal to the area under the stress versus strain curve from its origin through the rupture point.
Plastic Region

Calculation:
Stress (S) psi

Graph

Ut = 1/3(Br) (yp + 2ult)

Strain () in/in

Calculation Page
Total Strain/ Deformation -The total amount of elongation of a sample to rupture normalized(divided by) by the initial length. Calculation: total = total/Lo
Ductility:The ability of a material to be deformed plastically without rupture. Calculation: % Elongation = total(100) Ductility:The ability of a material to be deformed plastically without rupture. Calculations: % Reduction in area = Aoriginal - A final / A original (100)