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ZXG10 iBSC Introduction

Contents

General Introduction
Hardware Architecture

System Principle
Connectivity and signal flow Summary

All-IP Enhanced iBSC Physical Indices


Physical Indices
Index Dimension (H*D*W) (mm) Weight ZTE 2,000 * 800 * 600 <270Kg(1 rack) <540Kg(2 rack) ALL E1: 2,558W/1 rack, 3,868W/2 rack ALL IP: 2,542W/1 rack,3,808W/2 rack -48VDC (-40VDC ~ -57VDC) Long-term:0C~40C. Short-term: <-5C~45<C. Long-term: 20%~90%. Short-term: 5%~95%.

Power Consumption (All IP Enhance iBSC ) Power Supply Working Temperature Relative Humidity

ZTE Large-Capacity iBSC


Most Powerful Processing Capability
Item Description BHCA Maximum voice traffic Erl Number of Support TRX ZTE 4200K 15000Erl 3,072

All-IP architecture, meet IP evolution trend Powerful processing capacity Support E1/T1/STM-1/IP interface, flexible network building

Interface Types of ZXG10 iBSC


No. 1. 2. 3. 4. Logic Interface A Gb Abis Ater Connected NE MSC SGSN BTS iTC Physical Interface Type STM-1,E1,FE/GE E1,FE/GE E1, STM-1, FE/GE STM-1E1

Contents

General Introduction

Hardware Architecture
System Principle
Connectivity and signal flow Summary

iBSC Structure - Shelves


Control Shelf (BCTC)
System
(BGSN) Resource Shelf

global operation & maintenance plane processing plane Ethernet switching

Control Control

(BCTC) Control Shelf

Resource Shelf (BGSN)


System

access processing subsystem

(BGSN) Resource Shelf

Service

Switch Shelf (BPSN)


(BPSN) Switch Shelf

Large-capacity

non-blocking IP switching platform

BACKPLANE OF CONTROL CENTER (BCTC) :Control shelf is the control core of ZTE BSC which manage and control the whole system, process control signaling, perform operation and maintenance, and provide global clock for external synchronization function. Each BSC must be configured with one control shelf. BACKPLANE GIGA UNIVERSAL SERVICE NETWORK(BGSN) :Resource shelf hold various services processing board for system access. It can be configured with Abis interface unit, Ater interface unit, A-interface unit. BACKPLANE OF PACKET SWITCHING NETWORK (BPSN):Packet shelf provide the IP switching function for all user plane signal with high speed link.

Contents

General Introduction Hardware Architecture

System Principle
Connectivity and signal flow

Summary

iBSC System Architecture


DTB
SDTB SPB
G U I M

GUP EIPI
Resource Shelf

Control Flow Data Flow

GLI

CMP
OMP CLKG SBCX
U I M C

CHUB

GLI
Control Shelf

P S N

UIMC

Switching Shelf

DTB SDTB SPB

G U I M

GUP
Resource Shelf

iBSC Shelf - BCTC


Rear Board

Control Shelf 1 2 3 4 5 R S V B 6 7 R S V B 8 9 R U I M 2 BCTC 1 2 C M P 3 C M P 4 C M P 5 S B C X 6 7 S B C X 8 9 U I M C 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 U I M C O M P O M P I C M I C M C H U B C H U B 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 R U I M 3 R M P B R M P B R C K G 1 R C K G 2 R C H B 1 R C H B 2

Main BCTC boards layout:


(Global boards include SBCX, OMP, ICM,
Front Board

CHUB are configured in the main BCTC)

C M P

Normal BCTC boards layout:


Board Name OMP Full Name Operation and Maintenance Processing Board

Configuration Principle

Functions Provide global processing and controls O&M of the whole system (including O&M agent)

Backup

1 pair per BCTC

1+1

CMP

Control Main Processing Board


Control Plane HUB Integrated Clock Module Universal Interface Module for Control plane X86 Single Board Computer

Depends on the configuration capacity.


1 pair per iBSC 1 pair per iBSC 1 pair per BCTC 2 per iBSC

Provide connection with the switching unit of control plane, implementing all the protocol processing on control plane
Center where the control flows of BPSN, BGSN, and BCTC gather Provide system clock Signaling switching center of the BCTC Provide OMM function

1+1

CHUB ICM UIMC SBCX

1+1 1+1 1+1 1+1

UNIVERSAL INTERFACE MODULE FOR CONTROL PLANE(UIMC 1+1) :


Provide Ethernet switching in the control shelf, and manage the control shelf.
Provide internal user plane GE interface to cascade UIMC with CHUB in control self. Provide the clock driven function in the control shelf.

The external data from other boards enters the UIMC for switching and it sent to the target board.

CONTROL PLANE HUB (CHUB 1+1):


CHUB along with UIMC/UIMU/GUIM is extend the data flow of the system control plane in I BSC. Exchange of control signal within all the shelf. The data of control plane from all the shelves are sent to Ethernet switching unit on CHUB. The data is then sent to the UIMC through the internal GE interface and the distribute to the Resource Control Boards (RCB) and vice versa.

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PROCESSING UNIT (OMP 1+1) :


Implement all the operation and maintenance process, monitor and manage the boards.
It connects with OMM through 100Mbps of Ethernet. In OMP there are 2 CPU CPU-A having hard disk of 40G basically for O&M processing. CPU-B also known as Routing Process Unit (RPU) used for call routing protocol.

CLOCK GENERATOR BOARD (CLKG 1+1) :


Provide system clock and external synchronization. It extract clock reference through A-interface and give multiple timing reference signal to the interface unit. Perform clock loss alarming and deterioration judgment for the interrupted reference Provide active/standby switching.

Clock o/p after balance-driven then distributed to UIMU/GUIM through system clock cable and to UIMC through the backplane PCB.

SYSTEM CLOCK CABLE :

X86 SINGLE BOARD COMPUTER (SBCX 1+1):


SBCX is basically a server which work as memory controller and main storage unit. All the dates and their s/w for all the interface unit with OMP data processing are stored in this main storage unit.

Provide 3 FE interface, 2 GE interface, USB interface also having peripheral device interface like Keyboard and mouse. SBCX have CPU with controller and having two hard disk of 80G for data storage.

CONTROL MAIN PROCESSING BOARD (CMP 1+1) :


Implement Packet Switching and Circuit Switching, services control management and resource management.
There are independent two CPU on the board, CPU_A and CPU_B. Each CPU provide control plane FE interface, with FE interface for communication of active /standby, and RS232/485 serial port for the communication with other unit.

CPU_A is the main control function of the board.

ZTE BSC having maximum carrier capacity of 2048 trx with max traffic of 15000 Erlang. One CMP board capacity is 5000 Erlang. CMP board require for 15000 Erlang traffic = 3 (15000/5000) Total 3 CMP board require for 15000Er traffic with 3 redundant (1+1), so total of 6 CMP boards.

Intra-Shelf Connection BCTC


Packet switching shelf Gigabit resource shelf

UIMC

GUIM 8K/16M/PP2S

DTB/SDTB /SDTB2
8 K reference

CHUB

UIMC

CLKG/ICM

Ethernet bus

CMP

OMP

SBCX
Control shelf

HUB
External public network

Gigabit Resource Shelf

iBSC Shelf - BGSN


Rear Board

5 R S P B

6 R D T B

7 R S P B

9 R G U M 1

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 R G U M 2 R D T B R S P B

Main BGSN boards layout:


(Global boards include GIPI,GUP2, SPB2,DTB,SDTB2 are configured in the

BGSN 1 2 3 4 G U P 2 5 S P B 2 6 D T B 7 S P B 2 8 G U P 2 9 G U I M 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 G U I M D T B E I P I G U P 2 S P B 2

Front Board

main BGSN)

Normal BGSN boards layout:

Board Name GUIM GIPI

Full Name GE Universal Interface Module Gigabit IP Interface

Configuration Principle 1 pair per BGSN Provide 1 GE or 4 FE

Functions Used for BGSN interface shelf internal switching Provide GE/FE interface

Backup 1+1 1+1

GUP2

GSM Universal Processing 2

Abis Interface Processing Board 2(BIPB2) , A-Interface Processing Board Any slot except slots 9, (AIPB) , User Plane Processing Board 10, 1, and 17 2(UPPB2) , Dual Rate Transcoder Board 2(DRTB2) Provide 32 E1 interfaces Provide E1 interfaces.

DTB

Digital Trunk Board

iBSC Shelf - BGSN


Board Name
SDTB2

Full Name SONET Digital Trunk Board 2


Signaling Processing Board 2

Configuration Principle Provides 2 STM-1 interfaces


Provides 16 E1 interfaces

Functions Used for access channelized STM-1 interface


LAPD processing board 2 (LAPD2), signaling processing board 2 (SPB2), and Gb interface processing board 2 (GIPB2) Provides E1/T1-based IP access, which is realized by EIPI working together with DTB

Backup
1+1

SPB2

EIPI

E1 IP Interface

Every 2 DTB with 1 EIPI.

GIGABIT UNIVERSAL INTERFACE MODULE (GUIM 1+1)


Provide control plane and user plane Ethernet switching in gigabit resource shelf, circuit domain timeslot switching, gigabit resource shelf management, also provide external interface for shelf.
Provide clock driving function to all boards in gigabit resource shelf. The external data from the boards of the shelf enter to Ethernet switching and TS switching domain for switching and is then sent to the destination board.

SONET DIGITAL TRUNK BOARD (SDTB2 1+1) :


Provide two 155Mbps STM-1 interface.
Provide an access processing capacity of 126E1.

It receives the clock from the system clock board and provide the reference clock signal to the STM-1 for the synchronization.
It receives the STM-1 optical data from line side and then sent to the circuit switching for the switching, from where it sent to GUIM board and vice versa.

One SDTB2 can support

= 126E1 Abis interface (2xSTM-1).

Abis E1 require for 2048 TRX BSC = 170E1(2048trx/12trx per E1). = 340E1 for Abis Protection(170x2).

STDB2 requirement for BSC STDB2 with 1+1 redundancy

= 3 (340/126 E1 per STDB2 = 2.7). = 3x2 = 6 No. of Board.

E1 IP INTERFACE BOARD (EIPI 1+0) :


EIPI board provides E1 based IP access. It is basically E1 to IP payload and vice versa. It works together with SDTB2 board, two EIPI boards are connected with one SDTB2 board to provide 2 x 63E1 interface.
The interface unit access HW data, and sends the data to HSP sub card. After being processed by HSP protocol, the data is sent to service processing unit where it get distributed to user plane and control plane. The user plane data is sent to GUP2 for processing via user plane switching network and the control plane data is sent to CMP for processing via control plane switching network.

One EIPI board have capacity of 63E1 interface. EIPI board works together with SDTB2 board for the E1 to IP payload and vice versa. One SDTB2 board have 2x STM-1 i.e (63E1x2 = 126E1)

So to support one SDTB2 board we require two EIPI board i.e (2x63E1 interface = 126E1 interface for E1 to IP payload and vice versa).

GSM UNIVERSAL PROCESSING BOARD (GUP2 1+0)LOGICAL NAME (BIPB2):


GUP2 board logically can be used in different ways, if we are using in process of Abis then its logical name is ABIS INTERFACE PROCESSING BOARD (BIPB2). At STM-1 interface or E1 interface, the CS and PS service from BTS are switched through circuit switching network of GUIM board. The 20ms TRU frames or (PD frame) are found out and it converts into IP packets and then sent to the target board through GUIM.

GUP2 when used as BIPB2 Processor)

= 15 DSP (Digital Signal

Capacity of each DSP = 28 TRX.


TRX capacity of one BIPB2 board = 420 TRX (15DSP x 28 TRX). Total TRX capacity of BSC BIPB2 board require in BSC = 2048 TRX. = 5 ( 2048TRX/420TRX = 4.8).

So, number of BIPB2 board in BSC is 5 with 1+0. Redundancy can be possible with expansion.

GSM UNIVERSAL PROCESSING BOARD (GUP2 1+0)LOGICAL NAME (TIPB2):


GUP2 board logically can be used in different ways, if we are using in process of Ater then its logical name is ATER INTERFACE PROCESSING BOARD (TIPB2). When used as TIPB2, the user plane data from GUIM is given to DSP through Ethernet switching unit, convert to TDM data and then sent to target board through circuit switching.

GUP2 when used as TIPB2

= 15 DSP (Digital Signal Processor) Capacity of each DSP = 992 TCH. TCH capacity of one TIPB2 board = 14880 TCH (15DSP x 992TCH). Number of sites with 2048 TRX = 170 Sites ( 2048TRX/12TRX) Assuming 4+4+4 configuration. One 2048 TRX BSC = 11730 Full Rate TCH (170Sites x 69TS) Assuming normal condition, one site = 69TCH{96TS-3[6PDCH(3Fix+3Sw) + 1BCCH(1TS) + 2SDCCH(2TS)]}. Assuming 30% AMR HR = 15249 FR+HR TCH (11730 + 3519). Assuming 80% utilization of BSC = 12200 FR + HR TCH. GUP2(TIPB2) require = 1Nos. (12200TCH/14880TCH= 0.9) So number of TIPB2 board in BSC with 1+1 redundancy = 2 Nos.

SDTB2(Ater) board is used with GUP2(TIPB2) to process TCH on Ater interface. One SDTB2 can support = 2 STM-1 (Optical). SDTB2 can support = 15120 channels of 16kbps on Ater IF (2 x 63E1 x 30 x 4). GUP2(TIPB2) traffic capacity = 14880 TCH. SDTB2 board require = 1 Nos. (14880TCH/15120TCS=0.9)

So, number of SDTB2 board require with 1+1 redundancy = 2 Nos.

GSM UNIVERSAL PROCESSING BOARD (GUP2 1+0)LOGICAL NAME (UPPB2):


GUP2 board logically can be used in different ways, if we are using in process of Gb then its logical name is USER PLANE PROCESSING BOARD (UPPB2). When used as UPPB2, the user plane data from GUIM board access the FE/GE interface and then it is given to DSP through Ethernet switching unit.DSP perform some user plane processing and then switches the data to SPB2 board through user plane GE interface.

GUP2 when used as UPPB2

= 600 Cells (15DSP x 40 Cells). Capacity of each DSP = 40 Cells. GUP2(UPPB2) can support = 3600 PDCH Simultaneously. [600Cells x 6(3Fix + 3Sw)]. One 2048 TRX capacity BSC = 170 sites(2048TRX/12TRX). Assuming 4+4+4 configuration. 170 Sites per BSC = 510 Sector ( 170sitesx 3sectors/site). 510 Sectors per BSC = 3060 PDCH [ 510Sectors x 6(3Fix + 3Sw)]. GUP2(UPPB2) require per BSC = 1 Nos. (3060/3600PDCH = 0.9). So, number of GUP2(UPPB2) require with 1+1 redundancy = 2 Nos.

SIGNALING PROCESSING BOARD (SPB2 1+0):


SPB2 board can be used for LAPD processing board. LAPD signal from BTS is access by SDTB2 board and switched to LAPD board through the circuit switching network on UIMC/UIMU or in gigabit resource shelf through GUIM where it perform LAPD processing. When SPB2 is used as signal processing board, it process MTP2 and X.25 protocol and extract 8k synchronization clock from the line and transmit it through cable to the CLKG. When SPB2 is used as Gb interface processing board, it perform Gb interface function. It provide physical 16xE1 external interface.

BSC Gb LINK CALCULATION:


Number of TRX in BSC Number of Sites in BSC PDCH for one site = 2048 TRX = 137 (2048TRX/15TRX) Assuming 5+5+5 configuration. = 18 [3 sector x 6 PDCH(3Fix + 3Sw)].

BW require for PDCH of 1 site = 1152 (18 x 64kbps BW/PDCH TS). Total BW require for BSC E1 require for PDCH BW = 157286(1152BW/site x 137 sites). = 77(157.29Mbps/2.048Mbps per E1).

Assuming 10% PDCH using simultaneously = 8E1[10% of 77E1(100%)] E1 requirement can be increase as per the Gb link % utilization observed at SGSN.(80%).

GE IP INTERFACE BOARD (GIPI 1+1) :


GIPI board provide IP interface between ZTE iBSC and BTS,SGSN and MSC/MGW. Each GIPI provide GE interface.
When used for Abis interface it functional work is Gigabit IP Interface Board (IPBB). The interface unit access the date and then it send to service processing unit where the user plane data is sent to GUP2 for processing and control plane date is sent to CMP.

Intra-Shelf Connection BGSN


Packet switching shelf Control shelf

GLI

CHUB

CLKG /ICM

Gigabit resource shelf

GUP2

GUP2

GUIM

SDTB2 STM-1

DTB E1

SPB2 E1

GIPI FE

Packet Switching Shelf

iBSC Shelf - BPSN


Main BPSN boards layout:
(Global boards include PSN, GLI, CMP are configured in the main BCTC)

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 R U I M 2 R U I M 3

Rear Board
BPSN 1 2 G L I 3 G L I 4 5 6 G L I 7 P S N 8 P S N 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 C C M M P P C C M M P P U I M C U I M C

Front Board

Normal BPSN boards layout:


Board Name PSN Full Name Packet Switching Network Configuration Principle 1 pair per BPSN

G L I

G G L L I I

Functions Provides data switching among GLIs Provides physical layer adaptation, IP packet check, fragmentation, transfer management, and traffic management Provide connection with the switching unit of control plane, implementing all the protocol processing on control plane Provides signaling switching in BPSN

Backup Load sharing Load sharing

GLI

Gigabit Line Interface

Every 2 pairs GUIM with 1 pair GLI

CMP

Control Main Processing Board Universal Interface Module for Control plane

Depends on the configuration capacity.

1+1

UIMC

1 pair per BPSN

1+1

GIGABIT LINE INTERFACE BOARD(GLI 1+1) :


GLI is GE interface board which is connected with GUIM of both the resource shelf. Implement function such as physical layer adaption, IP packet check, transfer management and traffic management. GLI has a processing capacity of 2.5Gbps for process and transfer. Data sent from GUIM through optical fiber to switching interface is sent to service processing unit and then sent to PSN for high speed data switching process.

PACKET SWITCHING NETWORK (PSN 1+1):


PSN supports bi-directional user data switching at the rate of 40Gbps in each direction. Implement 1+1 load sharing. Data from GLI is sent to the matrix switching unit of PSN through backplane and after processing the data with high speed again it sent back to the target GLI board.

Intra-Shelf Connection BPSN


Packet Switching Shelf Control Shelf

PSN

FE

UIMC

CHUB

GLI

....

GLI

CLKG /ICM

Optical fiber GUIM


Gigabit Resource Shelf

GUIM
Gigabit Resource Shelf

Existing iBSC rack structure

Contents

General Introduction System Principle

Connectivity and signal flow


Summary

iBSC - Connection Between Shelves

Clock distribution cable and line clock extracting cable Control plane Ethernet cable User plane fiber Monitoring cable

Clock Extracting and Distribution


Power distribution plug-in box Fan plug-in box BGSN
G U I M U I M C G U I M U I M C O M P I C M C H U B

Clock reference
The

ICM board can get the BITS clock reference

or obtain the clock reference from GPS module.

BCTC

Clock distribution
ICM>

GUIM/UIMC > slots of each shelf

BGSN

GUIM/UIMC

BPSN

Control Plane Ethernet Connections


Power distribution plug-in box Fan plug-in box BGSN
G U I M U I M C G U I M U I M C O M P I C M C H U B

Control plane Ethernet interconnection


Realized CHUB

through CHUB board

< > UIMC in BCTC through the

BCTC

backplane printed cable


CHUB

< > UIMC in BPSN through Ethernet

BGSN

cable
CHUB

< > GUIM in BGSN through Ethernet

BPSN

cable

User Plane Connections


Power distribution plug-in box Fan plug-in box BGSN
G U I M U I M C G U I M G L I U I M C O M P I C M C H U B

User Plane interconnection


GLI

BCTC

< > GUIM optic cables are used for the connections

BGSN

Fiber

between GLI and GUIMs in BGSN

BPSN

Monitoring Circuit Connections


Monitoring of fans
Sensor

Power

distribution plug-in box <> Fan plug-in

box
Cabinet-top fan Power distribution plug-in box Fan plug-in box BGSN
G U I M U I M C O M P I C M C H U B

Power

distribution plug-in box <> Cabinet-top

fan

Monitoring of PWRD boards


OMP

<> PWRD in power plug-in box

BCTC

Fan plug-in box BGSN


G L I G U I M U I M C

Monitoring
Power

of external environment

distribution plug-in box <> Sensor

BPSN

Fan plug-in box

Flow in CS Domain - Boards

Flow in PS Domain - Boards

N7 signaling - Boards

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