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Introduction to Computer Application

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Chapter 1

Information Technology, The Internet, and You

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Information System

An information system has five parts:


People Procedure Software Hardware Data

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People:
Are obviously the essential part of the system The purpose of information systems is to make people ,or end user more productive.

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Procedures:
Are rules are guidelines to follow when using software , hardware, and data. They are typically documented in manual written by computer professionals.

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Software (Programs) :

Provides step by step instructions


To control the computer To convert data into information

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Hardware

Consist of physical equipment It is controlled by software and process data to create information

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Data:

Consist of unprocessed facts including


Texts Numbers Images and Sounds

Information is data that has been processed by computer

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connectivity
Is an additional part of todays information system. It allows computer to connect and share information. To be computer competent , end users need to understand Information Technology

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PEOPLE:

Are the most important part of an information system Following features demonstrate how people just like you use computers.
Making IT Work for you presents several interesting and practical applications. Tips offers a variety of suggestions on such practical matters as how to improve slow computer performance and how to protect your privacy while on the web

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SOFTWARE:
Software , or Programs consists of system and application software System Software: enable application software to interact with computer hardware it consists of a variety of programs including:

Operating System Utilities (Service Programs) Device Drivers


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SOFTWARE: (Contd)

Application software : includes general and special purpose applications.


General Purpose (basic applications) are widely used in nearly all career areas. Special Purpose Applications (specialized applications) focus on specific disciples and occupations. these program include graphics, audio and video, multimedia, web authoring, and artificial intelligence programs.

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HARWARE:
Is the physical equipment in an information system Types of Computers: Supercomputer, mainframe, minicomputer and microcomputer are four types of computers Micro computer can be desktop, notebook, tablet PC, or handheld (PDAs).

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HARWARE: (Contd..)

Microcomputer Hardware: there are four basic categories of hardware devices:


System Unit Input/Output Devices Secondary Storage Devices Communication Devices

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DATA:

Data are raw , unprocessed facts about something. Common file types include
Document file Worksheet files Database files Presentation files

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CONNECTIVITY AND THE INTERNET


Connectivity : is a concept describing the ability of end users to share information with other computers The Wireless Revolution Internet

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