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Different Phylum of Protozoa

Mastighapora
Sarcodina
Ciliophora
Sporozoa
• Eukaryotes that lack in mitochondria and
Golgi apparatus.
• It has one or more flagella.
• Produce by binary fission.
• Move by means of whip-like flagella that pulls
the cell through the environment.
• Reproduction by asexual trough binary
fission and sometime sexually process
called syngamy.
Mastigohapora
• Most species forms cyst and free-living and
it also includes some parasites.
(flagellated)
Representative of
Mastigophora
1. Trichomonas vaginalis
̒ va-jin-al΄is)
(trik-ō-mōnas
– A vaginal parasites adhering to vaginal
epithelial cells collected from vaginal
swabs.
2. Chilomastix
(kai-low-ma-
sticks)
• found in the large
intestine of man and
other primates, and
in many other
mammals, birds,
amphibian, and
reptiles; it is
ordinarily
nonpathogenic, but
3. Giardia lamblia
(jē-är’dē-ä lam’lē-
ä)
• Has eight flagella
and two prominent
nuclei, giving its
distinctive
appearance.
• Parasite that
colonies and
reproduces in the
small intestine.
Euglenozoa
Euglenoids
• Phytoflagellated
(photosynthesizing)
protozoa
• Each chloroplast has
a pyrenoid, which
synthesize and
stores
polysaccharides.
Some are lack in
chloroplast and are
always heterotropic.
• Reproduce by binary
Hemoflagellates
(blood parasite)

• Transmitted by blood-feeding insects.


• Rapidly multiply by fission, after
entering the insect.
• The genus of Trypanosoma (tri-pa’nō-
sō-mä)
T. brucei gambiense T. cruzi (kruz’ē)
(brüs’ē gam-bē-ens’) • transmitted by the
• transmitted by tsetse “kissing bug”
fly.
• major locomotor
organelles are
speudopods (false
foot).
•Speudopods are
used for feeding
and moving.
•Multiply by binary
fission.
•Foramiferans –
Sarcodina
free-living amoebas
Entamoeb Representativ
a e of amoebas
•The only amoeba that
is pathogenic amoeba
found in human
intestine.
•It has two distinctive
species;
E. histolytica
(en-ta-me’ba his-to- E. histolytica
li’ti-ka)
E. dispar
Arcella Difflugi
• A common shelled
amoeba.
a in
•Lives
freshwater and
•Simillar to Difflugia builds a shell of
except that the shell sand grains and a
is made by chitinlike cement secreted
material secreated by the cell
by the amoeba
Foraminifira Heliozoan
•Produces skeletons of
•Salt water types that selica covering the whole
build chalky shells with cell, or the body may be
several chambers, they covered with a gelatin like
also resemble to snail material with rigid
shells speudopods made of silica
Ciliophora
(Ciliated)
•Similar to flagella however it is
shorter.
•Cilia are arranged in precise rows in
cell.
•Moved in unison to propel the cell
through its environment and to bring
food particle to the mouth.
It divide by transverse fission.
Majority of ciliates are free-living and
Colpoda
•A common
freshwater protozoa

Paramecium
Balantidium coli
Reproduce
• the only disease-
asexually by
producing parasitic ciliate
binary
fission or
sexually by
conjugation

Sucturia
•Showing a budding process.
Apicomplexa
(sporozoa)
• (a”pi-kom-plex’ah)
• All are parasites.
• Motility is absent in most cell
except male gametes.
• Life cycle include sexual and
asexual phase.
• Produce special sporelike cells
called sporozoites.
• Class Coccidea - some members
Plasmodium
•Causative agent of
malaria
•Grows by sexual
reproduction in the
Anopheles mosquito