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SUBMITTED TO: ER. RAMESH CHAND HOD MECH. DEPTT.

SUBMITTED BY: VIPUL KAMBOJ ROLL NO. 4611343


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Sand preparation,
Core making,

Moulding , pouring and shakeouts, Melting,


Cleaning
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Sand plant system, Sand handling system, Core making and baking system, Moulding making and handling, Core setting system, Melting system, Metal pouring system, Testing lab, Fettling section, Painting and printing section.
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In heavy machine shop all the heavy part of tractor are machined like gear box housing, Main transmission housing, Front cover etc. all the parts undergoes different operations like milling, boring, drilling, slotting etc. in HMS section. The entire machines in this section are special purpose machine; it means the machine doing special or specific operation on a job. The advantage of special purpose machine is that it increases the rate of production. The machines are capable of machining any number of identical parts in a very less time. Parts Machined in HMS Gear box housing Main transmission housing
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Gear box housing is used for fitment of gears and shafts. The material used for Gear box housing is cast iron.

1. Marking the gear box housing 2. Bottom Milling 3. Drill the location hole 4. Top Milling 5. Front and Rear Cover 6. Left And Right Milling 7. Boring 8. Bottom Milling Housing 9. Tapping 10.Drill for Clutch and Pedal 11.Washing 12.Inspection of the Gear box housing according to design.
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Process of Gear Box Housing

Main Transmission Housing is manufacturing in heavy machine

shop. M.T. Housing is used for setup the differential and axle
assembly. Material used for M.T Housing is cast iron.

Manufacturing procedure of M.T Housing 1. Marking M.T Housing 2. Horizontal Milling. 3. Radial Drilling 4. Milling of M.T. Housing 5. Boring 6. Boring finish 7. Washing 8. Inspection

As the name suggests that in this section light parts or small parts of tractors are machined such as speed gears of tractor, sun & planet gears crown wheel, PTO shaft, clutch shaft, front and rear axle.

SPUR GEARS & HELICAL GEARS

PTO SHAFT

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Bevel Pinion Shaft:


Bevel pinion shaft is used for transmit the power from gear box to differential. The material used for it is low carbon steel.

Process for Bevel Pinion Shaft


Raw material Material cutting. Facing and centering Turning on s-pilot machine. Inspection according to drawing. Gear hobbing. Washing and inspection work piece. Gas carburizing & hardening. grinding. Tempering. Washing & inspection of the bevel pinion shaft.
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ENGINE IS THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF ANY AUTOMOBILE ENGINE IS THE HEART OF AUTOMOBILE IT MAY BE PETROL ENGINE OR DIESEL ENGINE ETC.
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CRANK CASE

PISTON

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CAM SHAFT

FLY WHEEL

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PISTON SLEEVE

CRANK SHAFT

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ASSEMBLY LINE

FRONT COVER

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STARTER

ALTERNATOR

IPD SHAFT

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CLUTCH PLATE

PRESSURE PLATE

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The engines of different models are assembled and tested in this shop as per standard procedures.

Engine Assembly
In this shop, whole of the engine is completed and ready for the tractor assembly. The various parts of engine from manufacturing section are brought in this section and they are assembled to prepare the whole engine. The engine assembly can be divided into following steps.

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Washing of crank case with a special soap solution and drying it by means of air jets. Fitting of cylinder sleeve. Fixing of studs and fitment of crank shaft in crank case. Inserting pistons in cylinder sleeve. Assembling the lubrication pump and fitment of cam shaft. Mounting of flywheel with clutch assembly. Fixing of cylinder head on the top of the cylinder sleeve. Putting tappets, push rods and rocker arm for opening and closing the valves. Attaching the fuel filters and oil filter. Mounting the fuel injection pump and injection lines. Fitting the self starter and alternator. Now the engine is ready for testing. Among the all parts fuel injection system is the heart of the engine.
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Clutch
In HMT, all the tractors have spring loaded dry friction type dual clutch, various parts of clutch are: pressure plate, clutch plate and spring. Release bearings mounted on PTO shaft are always in contact with shaft when the clutch is pressed the release bearing depress with release level with further produce tension in compression springs and as a result of this the gap is produce between pressure plate and flywheel and disc become free on pressing the clutch up to 7cm, the drive to clutch shaft is stopped and when full clutch is pressed drive to PTO as well as clutch shaft is also stopped. But in first position PTO rotates and wheels are in standstill position. The main function of clutch is to engage or disengage the power coming from the engine.
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On the basis of working there are two type of clutches. Single clutch Double clutch Generally double clutch is used in HMT Tractor DOUBLE CLUTCH:- This clutch is provided with two clutch plates one for the main transmission & the other for P.T.O drive. In b/w the two clutch plates, an intermediate plate is provided. Normally, six release levers the purpose of disengaging the clutch plates Out of six, three are for engine disengaging & the rest of three are for disengaging the P.T.O drive.
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It is the rear part of the tractor cheesy. It also consisting the P.T.O. shaft, which is used to the threshers, pumps and other accessories components with the help of pulley attached on it. Following are main parts of differential housing:Crown wheel. Differential assembly. ( with sun and star gear) P.T.O. shaft. Bearing. Etc

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it is a special arrangement of gears to permit one of the rear wheel of the tractor to rotate slower or faster than the other. While turning the tractor on curved path, the inner wheel has to travel lesser distance than the outer wheel. The bevel pinion is in mesh with large bevel wheel known as crown wheel. The main function of crown wheel is to transmit power through right angle drive to suit the tractor wheel.

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