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13.

May 2006

Security Level: Internal

Huawei HR and AMR Introduction


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HUAWEI Confidential

Huawei Half Rate

Huawei AMR

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Half Rate - Definition

Single: when a timeslot is used as two TCHH channels, one TCHH channel is busy and another is idle. The idle TCCH channel is called single channel

or channel fragment or fragment.


Couple: When a timeslot is used as two TCHH channels and the two TCHH channels are idle. The two TCHH channels are called Couple channel. Rate adjustment: the handover from full rate to half rate or from half rate to full rate is called rate adjustment.

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HR - Assignment Principle
Different MSs support different rates. The assignment principle of radio resource is as follows: For the MSs that support full rate and half rate, the full rate is assigned preferentially to improve the voice quality when the network is idle. The half rate is assigned preferentially to hold more users when the network is busy. Whether the network is busy or not is judged by comparing the channel seizure ratio and configured threshold (TCH Traffic Thrsh (%)): If the channel seizure ratio is high than the threshold, the network is busy. Otherwise, the network is idle. For the half rate call, the single channel is assigned preferentially to reduce the fragment. When the rate is enough to meet the service requirement, the channels on the TRXs that do not allow the rate adjustment are assigned preferentially. The channels on the TRXs that allow rate adjustment are reserved for later use. This way can ensure the maximum use of the channel resources.

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Two Channel Allocation Strategies


There are two channel assignment strategies: MSC channel assignment strategy and BSC channel assignment strategy. MSC channel assignment strategy Assign the channel according to the MSC request. If the request from MSC is "TCHF preferred", assign the full rate channel preferentially. If it is "TCHH preferred", assign the half rate channel preferentially. BSC channel assignment strategy When the assignment request sent from MSC is "Full rate TCH preferred" or" Half rate TCH preferred", BSC assigns the proper channel according to the availability of idle full rate channel in the cell and the allowance of MSC.
For the call that uses the half rate preferentially, the single channel is assigned preferentially to reduce the fragment. If a cell has multiple TRXs, the channels on the TRXs that do not allow the rate adjustment are assigned preferentially.

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Rate Adjustment Principle


The adjustment principle is as follows: Before assign the channel, determine whether to adjust the rate or not according to the channel resources in the cell. If yes,

assign the channel to the current call after adjusting the rate.
That is, adjust the rate in real time.

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Assignment request for full rate only


Assignment request for TCHF only Yes Full rate available No Couple channel available No Yes more than one half rate channel No Request reject Yes Assign full rate channel Convert couple channel to full rate channel and then assign the converted channel Initiate intracell handover to form couple channel, and then convert the couple channel to full rate channel to assign

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Assignment request for half rate only/preferentially


Half rate assignment request Yes Single channel available No Couple channel available No Yes Full rate channel available No Assignment fails Convert the full rate channel into couple channel and then assign the half rate channel on the couple channel Yes Assign half rate chanel

Assign the half rate channel on the couple channel

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Assignment request for full rate preferentially


Assign request for full rate preferentially Yes Full rate available No Couple channel available No more than one half rate channel No Assign half rate channel Yes Yes Assign full rate channel

Convert the couple channel into full rate channel to assign Form couple channel by intracell handover and then convert couple channel into full rate to assign

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HR Related Parameters

Channel seizure ratio = (Average num. of busy TCHF + Average num. of busy TCHH/2)/
(Average num. of availabe TCHF + Average num. of available TCHH /2) x 100

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HR Related Traffic Statistic


BSC Measurement Function Cell Measurement Function (2) Half Rate Call Drop Measurement

Half Rate Receiving Quality Measurement


Half Rate Receiving Level Measurement Overlaid/Underlaid Subcell Measurement

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Huawei Half Rate

Huawei AMR

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AMR - Definition
The Adaptive Multi Rate (AMR) is a set of multiple voice Codec algorithms. The BTS and MS can automatically choose a proper Codec algorithm according to the actual radio environment to adjust the rate. Thus the voice quality can be improved. Different Codec algorithm generates different rate voice code stream. The AMR is only used in voice service. It is not used in the data service or signaling service. Thus, the AMR is not considered when process the signaling of data service or signaling service. Full Rate AMR It supports full rate channel AMR voice coding and decoding and includes 8 voice rates: 12.2k (GSM EFR), 10.2k, 7.95k, 7.40k (IS-641), 6.70k, 5.90k, 5.15k, 4.75k; The full rate AMR can adjust the coding rate according to the radio quality indication (RQI). The coding rate is adjusted in the active coding set (ACS). Half Rate AMR It supports half rate channel AMR voice coding and decoding and includes 5 voice rates: 7.40k (IS-641), 6.70k, 5.90k, 5.15k, 4.75k; The half rate AMR can adjust the coding rate according to the radio quality indication (RQI). The coding rate is adjusted in the ACS.

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AMR FR MOS
MOS 5.0 Experiment 1a - Test Results

4.0

3.0 EFR 12.2 10.2 7.95 7.4 6.7 5.9 5.15 4.75 No Errors C/I=16 dB C/I=13 dB C/I=10 dB C/I= 7 dB 4.01 4.01 4.06 3.91 3.83 3.77 3.72 3.50 3.50 4.06 4.01 4.13 3.96 4.01 3.94 3.65 3.93 4.05 4.08 3.98 3.80 3.05 3.44 3.80 3.96 3.84 3.86 3.69 3.58 3.52

2.0

Conditions C/I= 4 dB 1.53 1.46 2.04 3.26 3.11 3.29 3.59 3.44 3.43 1.43 1.39 1.87 2.20 2.43 2.66 C/I= 1 dB

1.0 EFR 12.2 10.2 7.95 7.4 6.7 5.9 5.15 4.75

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AMR HR MOS
MOS 5.0 Experiment 1b - Test Results

4.0

3.0

2.0

EFR 7.95 7.4 6.7 5.9 5.15 4.75 FR HR Conditions No Errors 4.21 4.11 3.93 3.94 3.68 3.70 3.59 3.50 3.35 4.04 3.93 3.96 3.95 3.90 3.82 3.60 3.46 C/I=19 dB C/I=16 dB C/I=13 dB 4.21 3.37 3.52 3.53 3.72 3.60 3.42 3.50 C/I=10 dB 3.74 2.53 2.74 3.10 3.19 3.38 3.30 3.14 3.24 C/I= 7 dB 3.34 1.60 1.78 2.22 2.57 2.85 3.10 2.74 2.80 1.21 1.33 1.84 2.00 1.50 1.92 C/I= 4 dB 1.58

1.0 EFR 7.95 7.4 6.7 5.9 5.15 4.75 FR HR

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AMR call set up process


BSC receives the assigning request sent by MSC

Deciding whether to support AMR function Y

Normal Call

Deciding whether to assign channel that supports AMR function Y Fini shes AMR call set up

Normal Call

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Start and Close AMR Service


Activated coding set
You can set different ACS, coding rate adjustment threshold and hysteresis and initial coding rate according to the cells.

Add cell-level call statistical metrics. TC query


You can inquire the TC support capability through the BSC maintenance console: whether it supports the various voice Codec algorithms

Dynamic configuration function Codec Mode Report


You can inquire the current coding mode used by a specified channel in real time. The system outputs the coding mode and C/I information (RQI) used during the inquiry period.

Intracell HRFR Handover


The system controls the balance between the cell capacity and the quality through the intra-cell HR-FR handover based on RQI.

Different Power Control Methods


The AMR call and the non-AMR call use different power control parameters but the same algorithm.
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Call Process and Intracell Parameters


No. 1 TRX supports AMR or not Parameter

2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 No. 1 2 3 4

Active coding set


Full rate UL rate adjustment threshold (0 - 3) Full rate UL rate adjustment hysteresis (0 - 3) Full rate DL rate adjustment threshold (0 - 3) Full rate DL rate adjustment hysteresis (0 - 3) Half rate UL rate adjustment threshold (0 - 3), Half rate UL rate adjustment hysteresis (0 - 3), Half rate DL rate adjustment threshold (0 - 3) Half rate DL rate adjustment hysteresis (0 - 3) Parameter Intracell TCHF-TCHH handover statistics time Intracell TCHF-TCHH lasting time Handover threshold from TCHF to TCHH Handover threshold from TCHH to TCHF
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Circuit Pool 27
Service Type Explanation

FR speech version1

Full rate voice version 1, usually called FR.

FR speech version2

Full rate voice version 2, usually called EFR.

FR speech version3

Full rate voice version 3, codec algorithm used in full rate channel.

HR speech version1 HR speech version3

Half rate voice version 1, usually called HR. Half rate voice version 3, codec algorithm used in half rate channel.

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Typical Case
A user starts AMR function as follows: In the MSC side, choose the Full rate speech version 3 and Half rate speech version 3.

Configure the A interface protocol phase as Phase II+.


Configure the A interface circuit to support the AMR function. It is recommended to configure the circuit pool as 27. Configure the TRX to support the AMR function. Configure the AMR call processing parameter. Configure the AMR power control parameter. Configure intracell TCHF-TCCH handover data.

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Related Traffic Statistic


1. Cell performance measurement
No.
1 2 3

Item name
Successful TCH assignments(FR SV1, excluding directed retry) Successful TCH assignments(FR SV2, excluding directed retry) Successful TCH assignments(FR SV3, excluding directed retry)

2. Cell performance measurement (2)


No. 1 2 3 Item name Successful TCH assignments(HR SV1, excluding directed retry) Successful TCH assignments(HR SV2, excluding directed retry) Successful TCH assignments(HR SV3, excluding directed retry)

3. Call allocation by TA measurement function 4. Average RQI based on TA value

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