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WELCOME

In this Professional Development Learning Module we will define digital access and explain how educators and administrators can promote digital access in their schools and communities.

Please take a few minutes to complete the Professional Development Learning Module pre-test:

http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/TXJB6HY

OBJECTIVES
Participants will be able to: Define digital access

Understand the impact of the digital divide in education


Design course materials to accommodate students with limited access to technology Design course materials to accommodate students with physical or cognitive limitations

NETS-T ADDRESSED
4) Promote and Model Digital Citizenship and Responsibility Teachers understand local and global societal issues and responsibilities in an evolving digital culture and exhibit legal and ethical behavior in their professional practices. b. Address the diverse needs of all learners by using learner-centered strategies providing equitable access to appropriate digital tools and resources.

NETS-A ADDRESSED
1) Visionary Leadership

Educational Administrators inspire and lead development and implementation of a shared vision for comprehensive integration of technology to promote excellence and support transformation throughout the organization.
c. Advocate on local, state and national levels of polices, programs, and funding to support implementation of a technology-infused vision and strategic plan

NETS-A ADDRESSED
2) Digital Age Learning Culture

Educational Administrators create, promote, and sustain a dynamic, digital-age learning culture that provides a rigorous, relevant, and engaging education for all students.
c. Provide learner-centered environments equipped with technology and learning resources to meet the individual, diverse needs of all learners

NETS-A ADDRESSED
5) Digital Citizenship

Educational Administrators model and facilitate understanding of social, ethical and legal issues and responsibilities related to an evolving digital culture.
a. Ensure equitable access to appropriate digital tools and resources to meet the needs of all learners.

DIGITAL ACCESS
Full participation in the technological landscape

Access to computers Access to the Internet Access to mobile devices Accessibility of special needs students

TECHNOLOGY STATISTICS
Reported Computer Usage By Age

77.3%

75.8%

75.1% 68.7%

63.5%

48.3% 45.0% 44.3% 40.9%

21.4% 13.7% 9.1% 5.5% 2.2% 0.2%

15-24 years

25-34 years

35-44 years

45-64 years

65 years and over

Use computer at home

Use computer at work

Use computer at school

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Survey of Income and Program Participation, 2008 Panel.

TECHNOLOGY STATISTICS
Reported Computer Usage by Race

15.9%

Hispanic

20.9% 50.3% 19.5% 27.3% 56.6% 14.0%

African American

Caucasian

36.8% 69.7%
0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0%

Use computer at school

Use computer at work

Use computer at home

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Survey of Income and Program Participation, 2008 Panel.

TECHNOLOGY STATISTICS
Reported Computer Usage by Disability
73.5%

47.6% 40.9%

15.3% 6.0%

17.4%

Use computer at home

Use computer at work

Use computer at school

With a disability

No disability

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Survey of Income and Program Participation, 2008 Panel.

TECHNOLOGY STATISTICS
Reported Computer Usage by Income Level

86.0% 72.0% 57.9% 48.3% 70.4%

69.1% 53.6%

40.7%
26.5% 18.0% 17.3% 11.7% 8.0% 5.5% 4.2%

Lowest Quintile

2nd Quintile

3rd Quintile

4th Quintile

Highest Quintile

Use computer at home

Use computer at work

Use computer at school

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Survey of Income and Program Participation, 2008 Panel.

TECHNOLOGY STATISTICS
Internet Access at Home by Age

79.2%

78.6%

82.1%

77.9%

55.5%

3 -17 years

18 - 34 years

35 - 44 years

45 - 64 years

65 years and over

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, October 2010.

TECHNOLOGY STATISTICS
Internet Access in Home by Race

86.8% 77.4% 63.4% 63.5%

Caucasian

African American

Asian

Hispanic

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, October 2010.

TECHNOLOGY STATISTICS
Internet Access in Home by Income

90.2%

96.5%

98.2%

59.7%

Less than $50,000

$50,000 $99,999

$100,000 $149,999

$150,000 or more

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, October 2010.

TECHNOLOGY STATISTICS
Method of Internet Access
51.3% 50.6% 47.3% 47.5%

45.9%

35.6% 31.0% 28.2%

35.3%

36.8%

13.7%

12.5%

10.8% 8.3% 6.6% 2.4% 3.8% 6.0%

2.2%

1.6%

15 - 25 years

25 - 34 years

35 - 44 years

45 - 54 years

55 years and over

DIAL UP

DSL

CABLE

MOBILE

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, October 2010.

THE DIGITAL DIVIDE


The discrepancy between people who have access to technology tools and those who do not have access to technology tools Access can refer to the availability of devices and the technology to use them (Internet connection, cell phone services, etc.) Access also refers to the knowledge of technology skills and ways to use them to create and contribute

ACCESS VS. INCLUSION


Access to Devices Computers Tablets Smartphones Access to Technology Broadband Internet Updated web browsers Tools to create, contribute, and collaborate

ACCESS VS. INCLUSION


Inclusion Students are able to create a video and upload it to YouTube at their school Students are able to develop Wikis to share creative writing assignments and request feedback from peers

Despite difficulty with vision, a student is able to take an online class

THE DIGITAL DIVIDE


Why is digital inclusion for all important? Access to technology is now a necessity Disenfranchised groups may not have the skills and abilities to compete in the global economy Whos being left out? Low-income students African American, Hispanic students Students with physical and cognitive disabilities Students in rural areas

Why is it important for educators to address? Educators at all levels are responsible for preparing our citizens to be competitive in the workforce nationwide and globally.

THE BARRIERS
Lack of finances Cost of Broadband Internet Cost of smartphones and mobile plans Cost of computers and tablets Lack of awareness Lack of support Poor infrastructure

LONG TERM SOLUTIONS


Affordable devices Samsung ChromeBook - $249.00 Free Wi-fi Hotspots Cities, businesses and schools Awareness of disabilities and techniques to make learning content accessible

MOVING TOWARD DIGITAL ACCESS & INCLUSION


Disabled Students Create MP3 recordings for the visually impaired Transcribe lessons or provide captions for the hearing impaired Provide alt-text descriptions for images for students using screen readers Provide content in multiple formats

MOVING TOWARD DIGITAL ACCESS & INCLUSION


Students with lack of technology resources Technology donor programs After school access Peer collaboration on projects List of free Wi-Fi hotspots List of schools, businesses, community organizations that provide free computer and Internet access

GROUP DISCUSSION
Are your schools equipped to provide access to technology to every student? Can you share some ideas about what you can do to promote digital access?

Are there any barriers to promoting digital access to all at your school? If so, what are they?

POST WORKSHOP ACTIVITY: SURVEY YOUR STUDENTS


Sample Survey Questions

1. Do you have a computer at home?


2. Is this computer connected to the Internet? 3. If you have Internet access at home, how do you connect to it?

4. Do you have a cell phone? Can this cell phone send and receive text messages? Can this cell phone play MP3s?
5. When you use a computer with an Internet connection, where do you use it. (Relatives home, friends home, school, work, neighborhood library, none available. Select all that apply.)

RESOURCES AND REFERENCES


Real Connections: Making Distance Learning Accessible to Everyone http://youtu.be/F3sdR53ho2g Crossing the Digital Divide: Bridges and Barriers to Digital Inclusion http://www.edutopia.org/digital-divide-technology-access-inclusion University of Washington Access to Technology: Online Tutorial http://www.washington.edu/doit/Brochures/Technology/aeit.html University of Wisconsin-Madison: Web Accessibility 101

http://www.doit.wisc.edu/accessibility/online-course/defined.htm

Ribble, M. & Bailey, G. (2007). Digital citizenship in schools. (1st ed.). Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education.

THANK YOU!
Please take a few minutes to complete the post-test. http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/T3XJB2 YK Your feedback is greatly appreciated. Please evaluate this presentation. http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/395WNT 8