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WELCOME TO OUR PRESENTATION ON PROJECT & THESIS

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RAJSHAHI UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

PRESENTATION

ON
DESIGN,CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE TEST OF A UNIVERSAL PVC PIPE TESTING DEVICE.

Supervised By:--Dr. Md. Shamim Akhter Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering. RUET, Rajshahi.

Presented by:--Md. Akhtarul Alam Roll no-052012 Md. Shafiqul Islam Roll no-052057

Introduction: PVC PVC as a pipe material

Charateristics
Project purpose

Objectives: Design for universal PVC pipe testing device.

To construct the device according to the design.


To measure the internal hydrostatic pressure & brusting

pressure of PVC pipe with the device.


To compare the values of maximum internal hydrostatic

pressure with the standard values (BS-3505).

Literature survey:
PVC was accidentally discovered on at least two different

occasions in the 19th century, first in 1835 by Henri Victor Regnaultand and in 1872 by Eugen Baumann. For more than 40 years, both pressure and non-pressure PVC applications have been rigorously tested for reliability and safety by nationally recognized, independent certifiers such as the American Water Works Association, NSF International and Underwriters Laboratories, according to strict standards established by the American Society for Testing and Materials and other organizations.

Project Description:The whole project is divided into three parts Design. Construction & Performance test.

Design Section

Design of the Device:-

Figure-1: Arrangment of universal PVC pipe testing device

Legend:1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Metal square plate. Conical shaped arrangement (metal). Metal rod. Square head machine bolt. PVC (polyvinyl chloride) pipe. Pressure gauge. GI Pipe. Metal bar.

9. Air bleeding valve. 10. Gasket.

View of the Device:-

R.H.S. view Top & Front view

Figure-2:Cross-sectional view of the device

Construction Section

Selection of Material: Mild Steel


Characteristics

Required Components:The followings are the main equipment needed to make this project successfully:

Metal square plate. Conical shaped arrangement (metal). Guide rod. Hexagonal nut. PVC (polyvinyl chloride) pipe. Pressure gauge. Ball valve. Reservoir . Hydraulic pump. GI Pipe. Metal bar. Gasket. Air bleeding valve.

Construction process of conical shape:-

Step-1

Step-2

Step-3

Step-4

Figure-3: Conical shape construction process

Supporting rod with thread:-

Figure-4: Guide rod with thread & nut

Final assembly of PVC pipe testing device :-

Figure-5: PVC pipe testing device

Air bleeding valve & Gasket:-

Figure- 6: Air bleeding valve

Figure-7: Gasket

Hydrolic jack & Pressure gage:-

Figure-8: Hydraulic jack

Figure-9: Pressure gage

Performance Test

Experimental set up of the device:-

Figure-10: Experimental set up

Performance test of PVC pipe at operating pressure:-

Figure-11: Operating pressure at PVC pipe

Performance test at brusting pressure:-

Figure-12: Safety cover during brusting pressure

PVC pipe at brusting pressure:-

Figure-13: Fracture pipe at brusting pressure

Table-1: Experiment Operating pressure:S.I. No. Classes of (PVC) pipes For 1.5 inch diameter (psi) 175 218 For 2 inch diameter (psi) 132 177 220 For 3 inch diameter (psi) 88 140 178 220.5 For 4 inch diameter (psi) 90 145 180 222

1 2 3 4

Bar chart of 1.5",2",3" & 4" pipe at operating pressure both theoratical & practical:-

PSI

PSI

Class

Class

Firure- 1.5" (D & E class ) diameter pipe

Figure- 2" (C,D & E class ) diameter pipe

PSI

Class

PSI

Class

Figure- 3" (B,C,D & E class ) diameter pipe

Figure- 4" ( B,C,D & E class ) diameter pipe

Table-2: Theoretical Brusting pressure:


S.I. No 1 2 3 4
Classes of (PVC) pipes B C D E
For 1.5 inch diameter (psi) 490 580 For 2 inch diameter (psi) 400 510 630 For 3 inch diameter (psi) 310 450 570 710 For 4 inch diameter (psi) 330 450 550 750

Table-3: Experiment Brusting pressure:


S.I. No 1 2 3 4
Classes of (PVC) pipes B C D E
For 1.5 inch diameter (psi) 430 560 For 2 inch diameter (psi) 380 490 600 For 3 inch diameter (psi) 275 410 550 690 For 4 inch diameter (psi) 290 420 530 720

Bar chart of 3" & 4" pipe at brusting pressure both theoratical & practical:PSI PSI
Class

Class

Theoratical

Practical

Figure- 3"(B,C,D & E class) diameter pipe

PSI

Class

PSI

Class

Theoratical

Practical

Figure- 4"(B,C,D & E class) diameter pipe

Discussion: Required objectives

Acquired results
Bar chart

Cost estimation:1) Two square plate .--------- ------------------- 1650/2) Circular plate. -------------------------------- 850/3) Guide rod & Supporting rod --------------- 875/4) Construction of conical shape ------------- 600/5) Pipe-------------------------------------------- 530/6) Gasket-------------------------------------------- 50/7) Others-------------------------- 330/Total 4885/-

Conclusion: This system is capable for testing PVC pipe of various diameters.

Pipe can easily be connected or disconnected from device.


The device which is used for testing the PVC pipe, can sustain the

working pressure reasonably well.


Comparatively less skill is needed for testing performance.
The testing device is a simplified one for testing pressure. Our experiment value was less then Theoretical value (bursting

pressure) as for example a class B 4" diameter PVC pipe has a theoretical bursting pressure of 330psi while its practical value was 290 psi which was 12.12% less than the theoretical value.

THANKS TO ALL