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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

CASE

Dynamic Analysis of Water Hammer Loads


PROBLEM: The cooling water supply line shown as follows suffers a pressure surge when the turbine driven pump drops offline due to a bearing temperature problem. The elbow at node 45 is observed to jump 6 to 8 in. in the X direction when the turbine trip occurs. Design an alternative support scheme to eliminate the large field displacements associated with the turbine trip.
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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

DATA & MATERIAL PROPERTIES


NPS : Materials : Elastic Modulus : Fluid Density : Fluid Properties : Flow Velocity : Water Bulk Modulus : Sc dan Sh : Isometric Drawing 8 SCH STD/40 Low Carbon 2.79 E+07 0.03611 lb/cu.in 250 psi @ 140F 6 fps 313000 psi 15000.000 psi

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

Masukkan data properties pada piping input. Kemudian buat model perpipaan cooling water supply Elemen 1
Nodal 5 10 DX : 3 ft. Diameter : 8.625 in. Wt/Sch : 0.322 Mil Tol % : 12.5
Modulus E : 2.79 E+07 lb./in2 Poisson ratio : 0.292 Pipe density : 0.2899 lb./in3 Fluid Density : 0.03611 lb./in3 Material : Low Carbon

Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Radius Bend : 12 in.

Anchor pada node 5

Temp 1 : 140 F Pressure 1 : 250 F

NB : Klik CONTINUE untuk melanjutkan menu piping input


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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 2 : Node : 10 15 DY : 2 ft

Elemen 3 : Node : 15 20 DY : 1 ft, 3 in. dgn. Rigid Weight

Rigid Weight = 1 x berat fluida yang mengalir di dalam pipa + 1.75 x berat insulasi

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 4 : Node : 20 25 DY : 12 ft Dengan bend radius 12 in.

Elemen 5 : Node : 25 26 DZ : -15 ft. Dgn. Restrain Y+ pada node 26.

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 6 : Node : 26 30 DZ : -10 ft dgn. Bend Radius 12 in.

Elemen 7 : Node : 30 35 DY : 7 ft dgn. Bend Radius 12 in.

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 8 : Node : 35 40 ; DZ : -5 ft dgn. Restraint pada node 40.

Elemen 9 : Node : 35 40 ; DZ : -6 ft dgn. Bend radius 12 in.

Jenis model tumpuan Yang dipakai adalah Restraint type Y+

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 10 : Node : 45 50 DX : -6 ft dgn. Restraint Tipe +Y Pada node 50

Restraint tipe Y+

Restraint tipe Y+ Elemen 11 : Node : 50 55 DX : 20 ft dgn. Restraint Tipe +Y Pada node 55


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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 12 : Node : 55 60 DX : 20 ft dgn. Restraint Tipe +Y Pada node 60

Elemen 13 : Node : 60 65 DX : 20 ft dgn. Restraint tipe + Y Pada node 65


Elemen 14 : Node : 65 70 DX : 20 ft dgn. Restraint Tipe Y+ Pada node 70
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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 15 : Node : 70 75 DX : 4 ft dgn. Bend Radius 12 in.

Elemen 16 : Node : 75 80 DZ : 15 ft dgn. Restraint Tipe + Y Pada node 80 Elemen 17 : Node : 80 85 DZ : 4 ft dgn. Bend radius 12 in.
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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 18 : Node : 85 90 DY : 15 ft dgn. Bend dan Hanger

Pada node 89 diberi Hanger jenis PSS. Grinell, Spring Rate : 200 Theoritical Installation Load : 979

Radius bend sebesar 12 in. Node 89 45O Node 88 0O


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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 19 : Node : 90 95 DX : 20 ft dgn. Restraint Pada node 95

Elemen 20 : Node : 95100 DX : 20 ft dgn. Restraint Pada node 100 Elemen 21 : Node : 100105 DX : 20 ft dgn. Restraint Pada node 105

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 22 : Node : 105110 ; DX : 15 ft dgn. Bend dan Hanger.

Radius bend sebesar 12 in. Node 109 45O Node 108 0O Dipilih Hanger Jenis 1. PS-Grinell dgn. Spring Rate : 200 dan Theoritical Cold (Installation) Load sebesar 926

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Elemen 23 : Node 110115 DY : -10 ft dgn. Bend dan Hanger.

Penambahan Rigid Weight pada elemen 24. Dengan rigid weight sebesar 375

Rigid Weight = 1 x berat fluida yang mengalir di dalam pipa + 1.75 x berat insulasi

Elemen 24 : Node 115 120 DY : -1 ft 3 in. dgn. Rigid Weight.

Elemen 25 : Node 120125 DY : -1 ft 3 in. dgn. Anchor pada node 125.


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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Klik . untuk melihat model cooling water supply yang telah terbentuk.

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Klik Run untuk mengecek model yang telah dibuat.

Tidak terdapat Error dari model cooling water supply line yang telah dibuat.

Selanjutnya Klik OK

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Lakukan analisis statik terlebih dahulu sebelum melakukan analisis dinamik.

Pilih Load Cases W (SUS). Selanjutnya Klik Run untuk menjalankan analisis. Klik Static Analysis melalui menu, sbb : atau

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Pilih menu Analysis Dynamics untuk melakukan analisis dinamik.

Atau Klik icon Dynamic Analysis

Pada Dynamic Analysis pilih kasus Water Hammer/ Slug Flow Spectrum.

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 1 : Membuat Files DLF Spectrum (45 -75)

Setelah membuat file data sampai dengan analisa statik, selanjutnya melakukan input dinamik Click disini, lalu
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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 2 : Membuat Table (data 45 - 75)

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 3 : Dengan cara yang sama, Create table (data 90 - 110)

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 4 : Selanjutnya kita definisikan Spektrum.

Step 5 : Lalu kita definisikan Gaya.

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 6 : Three Spectrum load cases :

1)

2)

3)
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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 7 : Three Static and Dynamics Combination

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 8 : Control parameter

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 8 : Mass Participation Report

Training on Pipe Stress Analysis Using Caesar II

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 9 : Displacement Report

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 10 : Stress Report Untuk Combination #1

SAFE

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 10 : Stress Report Untuk Combination #2

FAIL

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

Step 10 : Stress Report Untuk Combination #3

FAIL

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Example # 3 Dynamic Anlaysis Of Water Hammer Loads

MODIFIKASI
Dapat dibayangkan bahwa bagian yang paling kritis pada segmen jalur pipa tersebut adalah segmen terakhir. Sebagai akibat dari gaya tak seimbang akan terjadi defleksi yang berlebihan. Salah satu solusi yang dapat diterapkan adalah dengan menggunakan tumpuan jenis LIM Gap 2 mm pada nodal 105.
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