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CHAPTER 3

COMBINATIONAL LOGIC
Basic Combinational Logic
Circuits
 AND-OR LOGIC A
A &
B
B X=AB+CD ≥1
C
C &
D D
 AND-OR-INVERT LOGIC
A
A &
X=AB+CD B
B ≥1
C
C &
D
D
Basic Combinational Logic
Circuits
 Exclusive-OR-
Logic
A

X = AB + AB
B

A X
A =1
B
B
Basic Combinational Logic
Circuits
 Exclusive-NOR
Logic
A

X = AB + AB
B

B X = AB + AB
Implementing Combinational
Logic
 From Boolean Expression to a Logic
Circuit
 It’s usually best to reduce a circuit to its
SOP form
 From a Truth Table to a Logic Circuit
Universal Property of NAND &
NOR Gates
 IC are packaged with a 4 gates per
chip, buy only NAND IC and save a
lots of money on inventory. One type
of chip for all logic applications.
Universal Property of NAND &
NOR Gates
 NAND gates as a Universal Logic
Element:
A =

A
=
B

A
=
B
Universal Property of NAND &
NOR Gates
 NOR gates as a Universal Logic
Element:
A =

A
B =

A
=
B