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Dec 31 2006

Internal Use (Only)

ENE040613040001 HUAWEI BSC6000

Hardware Structure and System Description


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ISSUE 1.0
GSM BSS Training Team

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

This course describes the hardware structure of the HUAWEI BSC6000 system, board module functions, system operating principles, system signal flows, and O&M flows. In addition, this course describes the principles of hardware configuration and lists some typical configurations.

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Reference
HUAWEI BSC6000 Hardware Reference HUAWEI BSC6000 System Description HUAWEI BSC6000 Architecture and Principles

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Purpose

After learning this course, you should understand

the following contents:


HUAWEI BSC6000 function and features HUAWEI BSC6000 hardware structure HUAWEI BSC6000 system principle HUAWEI BSC6000 typical configuration

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Chapter 1 System Description


Chapter 2 Hardware Structure Chapter 3 Working Principle Chapter 4 Typical Configuration

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Location of the BSC6000 in the GSM Network


The HUAWEI BSC6000 is a new generation GSM BSC product after the HUAWEI BSC32.
MSC MS BTS HLR

A Gs BTS MS Pb PCU Gb BTS MS . SGSN GGSN BSC

Um

Abis

PDN

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Features of the BSC6000 System


Large capacity, high integration Supporting at most 2048TRX; Maximum of traffic: 12,000 Erl; BHCA : 2,340,000; Full-configuration subscriber: 600 000 In case of using the E1 interface board, a maximum of the system is four racks

In case of using the STM-1 interface board, a maximum of the system is three
racks Low cost, low power consumption 256TRX power consumption: 1640W (including GTCS ) : 2048TRX power consumption: 6920W (including GTCS) : Flexible configuration Supporting multiple types of networking between BSCs and BTSs Service-oriented hardware configuration Multiple clock sources

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Features of the BSC6000 System


Comprehensive functions; advanced management algorithm for radio resource The service functions is categorized into basic functions and optional functions. To protect investment, the customer choose proper functions that are applied to a specified network function and capacity. HW_II Power Control Algorithm

HW_II Handover Algorithm: supporting about 10 handover algorithms, such as


hierarchical handover, layer handover, and PBGT handover Multiple radio resource allocation technology and flexible radio channel switch mechanism Practical O& M functions Friendly GUI Flexible network parameter configuration Remote maintenance Abundant Online Help

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Features of the BSC6000 System


Smooth capacity expansion and upgrade Supporting smooth, in-service capacity expansion Supporting in-service patching Strong performance, advanced design Supporting 2M signaling link Supporting local multiple signaling points Supporting TC resource pool Supporting full-index report performance statistics

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Summary

Summary

This chapter describes the following contents: Design mentality of the HUAWEI BSC6000 system System specifications Functions and Features

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Chapter 1 System Description


Chapter 2 Hardware Structure Chapter 3 Working Principle Chapter 4 Typical Configuration

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Chapter 2 Hardware Structure


Rack and Subrack Board

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Abbreviation

Abbreviation
GBCR
GBSR GBAM GEPS

Full Name
GSM BSC Control Processing Rack
GSM BSC Service Processing Rack GSM Back Administration Module GSM Extended Processing Subrack

GMPS
GTCS GIMS

GSM Main Processing Subrack


GSM TransCoder Subrack GSM Integrated Management System

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Structure of Rack
Model: The BSC6000 uses HUAWEI N68-22 rack. The rack design complies with the IEC60297 and IEEE standards. Structure Dimension: 600mm (width) x800mm (depth) x 2200mm (height) Weight: Empty rack 150kg; full configuration 350kg Type The BSC6000 rack is categorized into two types: GBCR: GSM BSC Control Processing Rack GBSR: GSM BSC Service Processing Rack

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Rack GBCR
GBCR (GSM BSC Control Processing Rack ): It must be configured with main processing subrack and GBAM server. It processes the BSC6000 services and performs operations and maintenance. In the GBCR, a GIMS and at most two subracks can be configured . GIMS: GSM Integrated Management System consists of the following components: One KVM (keyboard, video and mouse) One LAN Switch One GBAM (GSM Back Administration Module) server KVM Dummy panel LAN Switch GBAM Subrack Cabling subrack Air defence subrack Subrack Power distribution box

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Power Distribution Box


The power distribution box has the following configurations:

Checking two channels of - 48 V input voltage


Detecting one route of external temperature sensor; detecting one route of external humidity sensor; detecting two lightning protection components; detecting the status of six distributedpower output switches Emitting audio and visual alarms Communicating with the GSCU and reporting the status of the power distribution box and exchanging O&M information with the GSCU

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Fan Box
The PFPU board and the PFCU board are configured in the fan box.
The PFPU is inserted in the rear part of the fan box. It provides power supply for nine fans, keeps the voltage stable through a stabilizing tube, and ensures normal operations of the fans. The PFCU is inserted in the front part of the fan box. It has the following functions: Monitoring the running status of the fans in the fan box Communicating with the GSCU and reporting the working status of the fan box Detecting the temperature of the fan box, collecting temperature data with a temperature sensor Showing the current status of fan box and providing alarms through LED

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KVM
The KVM is a device integrating a keyboard, a

display, and a mouse. It is the operating


platform of the GBAM.

Port for mouse cable

Port for display cable

Port for keyboard cable

Power switch

DC input power socket

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GBAM
The GBAM is a server installed with OMU software, which is used to perform operation and

maintenance for the BSC6000.


It has the following functions: Controlling the communications between the LMT and boards, supporting data configuration for boards through the LMT; collecting and filtering performance and alarm data Responding to the commands from the LMT, processing the commands, and then forwarding

the commands to the boards in the BSC6000


Filtering the results from boards and then returning the results to the LMT

Front of GBAM

Rear of GBAM

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Rack GBSR
GBSR (GSM BSC Service Processing Rack ): It is

only configured with subracks. It performs service


processing functions of the BSC6000. One service rack can be configured with three subracks. According to the requirement of service quantity,

Power distribution box

each BSC6000 system contains a maximum of three


service racks.

Air defence subrack subrack

Air defence subrack

Dummy panel
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Subrack
Subrack: The subrack complies with the

IEC60297 standard. The width of it is 19 inches.


A backplane is in the middle of the subrack, and boards are inserted from the front and the rear of the subrack. Both the front subrack and the rear subrack provide 14 slots. The slots are

Fan box Board

numbered 0027 from the front to the rear.

Cabling Trough
14 20 27

The BSC6000 contains three subracks: GMPS main processing subrack GEPS extension processing subrack GTCS voice processing subrack

Interface board Mother board Service board

00 06 13

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SubrackGMPS
GMPS: It performs the basic service processing and operation maintenance functions. In addition, it provides system clock. The GMPS is configured in the GBCR. Compared with the GEPS subrack, the GMPS also is configured with the GGCU board. It can process the services of a maximum of 512 TRXs in full configuration.

GXPUM Slot 02 GTNU Slot 45 GSCU Slot 67 GGCU Slot 1213 GEIUB Slot 1827 GEIUT Slot 1617 GEIUP Slot 1415

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SubrackGEPS
GEPS: It performs basic service processing function of the BSC6000. Each BSC6000 has 03

GEPS that can be configured in the GBCR or GBSR.


It can process the services of a maximum of 512 TRXs in full configuration.

GXPUM slot 02 GTNU slot 45 GSCU slot 67 GEIUB slot 1827 GEIUT slot 1617 GEIUP slot 1415

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SubrackGTCS
GTCS: A GTCS (GSM TransCoder Subrack ) performs transcoding, rate adaptation and submultiplexing. When the BSC6000 uses E1 transmissions on the A interface, a GTCS provides a maximum of 3,840 speech channels. When the BSC6000 uses STM-1 transmissions on the A interface, a GTCS provides a maximum of 7,680 speech channels.

GTNU slot 45
GSCU slot 67 GDPUC slot 8 13&03 GEIUT slot 1417 GEIUA slot 1827

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Dip switch of Subracks


The switch state ON means 0 and OFF means 1. The highest bit of DIP corresponds with the highest bit of the byte.
Bit Meaning

1
2 3 4 5 6 7

Subrack number control bit


Subrack number control bit Subrack number control bit Subrack number control bit Subrack number control bit Odd parity check bit It is undefined, and is generally set as 0. The automatic DIP bit of the GSCU board in the central subrack is: 0, the starting of boards is highly dependent on the GBAM server, namely that the boards load from the server after starting. 1, the starting of boards is less dependent on the GBAM server, namely that the boards check the validity of the Flash file when starting, and load from the Flash file if the Flash file is valid or load from the server if the Flash file is invalid.
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The odd parity check is used for DIP. In the


eight DIP bits, the quantity of 1 must be odd. Use the following method to set: First set the

DIP bit 15 and 8. DIP bit 7 is generally 0.


Then count the quantity of 1 in the current DIP bits. If the quantity is even, set DIP bit 6 as 1. If the quantity is odd, set DIP bit 6 as

0.
ON 1 8

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Chapter 2 Hardware Structure


Rack and Subrack Board

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Abbreviation
Abbreviation GGCU GSCU GTNU GXPUC GXPUM GDPUC GEIUA GEIUB GEIUP GEIUT GOIUA GOIUB GOIUP GOIUT GSM General Clock Unit GSM Switching and Control Unit GSM TDM Switching Unit GSM extensible Processing Unit for Cell broadcast service GSM extensible Processing Unit for Main service GSM Data Processing Unit for CS service GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for A GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for Abis GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for Pb GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for Ater GSM Optic Interface Unit for A GSM Optic Interface Unit for Abis GSM Optic Interface Unit for Pb GSM Optic Interface Unit for Ater Full name

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BoardGGCU
The GGCU is the general clock unit in the BSC6000. The active GGCU and
GGCU

the standby GGCU are configured in slots 12 and 13 in the GMPS. The GGCU board provides synchronous timing signals for the system The GGCU has the following functions: Generating and keeping synchronous clock signals Keeping the consistency of synchronization information output from the active and standby GGCUs

RUN ALM ACT


ATN-IN 0 1 2 3 CLKOUT

Matching Port CLKOUT09 Function

4 5 6 7

Connector
Synchronization signal output port, used to output 8 kHz clock signals to the GSCU RJ45

8 9 COM0 COM1
CLKLIN0 TESTOUT

COM01 TESTOUT TESTIN CLKIN01

Standby Standby Standby Synchronization clock signal input port, used to input one route of external 2.048 MHz signal and 2.048 Mbit/s code stream signals

RJ45 SMB male connector SMB male connector SMB male connector

PARC

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CLKLIN1

TESTIN

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BoardGSCU
SCUa

The GSCU is the switching control unit in the BSC6000. The active GSCU and the standby GSCU are inserted in slots 6 and 7 of the GMPS/GEPS/GTCS. The GSCU board provides maintenance management of the subrack and GE switching platform for the subrack. The GSCU has the following functions: Performing maintenance management of the subrack Providing a GE platform for the subrack Providing clock information for the other boards in the same subrack except the GGCU
Port EHT09 EHT1011 COM Function 10M/100M/1000M Ethernet ports, used to connect subracks 10M/100M/1000M Ethernet ports, used to connect GBAM (Only the main subrack is connected with the GBAM) Debugging port Clock source port, used to receive the 8 kHz clock signals from the panel of the GGCU Clock test signal port, used to output clock test signals SMB connector RJ45 RJ45 Matching RJ45 RJ45

RUN ALM ACT RESET


LINK ACT

0 1 2 3
LINK ACT

4 5

6 7
LINK ACT

8 9 10 11

CLKIN

COM

10/100/1000BASE-T

TESTOUT

CLKIN
TESTOUT

PARC

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Board GTNU
GTNU

The GTNU is the TDM switching unit in the BSC6000. The active GTNU and the standby GTNU are inserted in slots 4 and slot 5 of the GMPS/GEPS/GTCS. The GTNU board performs the TDM switching function, which is the TDM switching center of the system. The GTNU has the following functions: Providing 128 K 128 K TDM switching Allocating TDM network resources, establishing, and releasing radio links

RUN ALM ACT

TNM2

TNM1

TNM0

Front plane

TNM3

LVDS 6

TNM5

TNM4

TDM switching LVDS module 24 128K*128K

Rear plane
Matching
connector

Port

Function

PARC

TDM05

TDM high-speed serial port, used to connect the GTNUs between subracks
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DB14

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BoardGXPUM
GXPU

The GXPUM is the main service processing unit in the BSC6000. The active GXPUM and the standby GXPUM are inserted in slots 0 and 1 of the GMPS or GEPS. One GXPUM has four built-in CPUs that perform central service

RUN ALM ACT

processing function.
The GXPUM has the following functions:

LINK ACT

Paging control System information management Channel assignment BTS common service management
0 1 2 3

Voice call control Packet service control Handover Power control

10/100/1000BASE-T

Port 10/100/1000BASE-T03

Function GE/FE Ethernet port, reserved

Matching connector RJ45

PARC

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BoardGXPUC
GXPU

The GXPUC is the cell broadcast processing unit in the BSC6000. The active GXPUC and standby GXPUC are inserted in slots 8 and slot 9 in the GMPS or GEPS. The GXPUC performs the message cell broadcast function of the system. The GXPUC has the following functions: Providing a port for connecting the Cell Broadcast Center (CBC) Storing cell broadcast messages Scheduling cell broadcast messages based on the Cell Broadcast Channel (CBCH)

RUN ALM ACT

LINK ACT

0 1 2 3

10/100/1000BASE-T

Port

Function GE/FE Ethernet port, reserved

Matching connector RJ45

10/100/1000BASE-T03
PARC

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Board GEIU / GOIU


GEIU GOIU

RUN ALM ACT

RUN ALM ACT

TX
RX
E1/T1(24~31)

LOS

E1/T1(16~23)

The GEIU / GOIU can be categorized into the following types : The GEIUB/GOIUB is the GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for the Abis interface. The GEIUP/GOIUP is the GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for the Pb interface. The GEIUT/GOIUT is the GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for the Ater interface. The GEIUA/GOIUA is the GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for the A interface. The GEIU/GOIU has the following functions: Processing the SS7 MTP2 protocols Processing the Link Access Procedure on the D channel (LAPD) protocols Providing maintenance links when GTCS subracks are configured at the MSC side Performing inter-board Tributary Protect Switching (TPS)
Interface E1/T1(0 Function E1/T1 port, used to transmit and receive E1/T1 signals on routes 07 2.048 MHz clock source output port, used to output the extracted line clock as the system clock source 2.048 MHz clock output port, used to output the testing TESTOUT clock of the system HUAWEI Confidential
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E1/T1(8~15)

Matching connector DB44

E1/T1(0~7)

TESTOUT2M1 2M0

TESTOUT2M1 2M0

31)

2M01

SMB male connector SMB male connector

PARC

PARC

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BoardGEIU
The DIP switches of the GEIU board is set through the 75-ohm coaxial cable transmission mode. Reset

the DIP switches of the GEIU board if onsite engineers adopt other transmission modes.

DIP Bit switch S1 1 2 3 4 58 S3 S4 S5 S6 18 18 18 18

Description
Used to select the impedance on E1/T1 links 07 Used to select the impedance on E1/T1 links 815 Used to select the impedance on E1/T1 links 1623 Used to select the impedance on E1/T1 links 2431 Unused Used to set the protection grounding of the transmitting end of E1/T1 links 07 Used to set the protection grounding of the transmitting end of E1/T1 links 815 Used to set the protection grounding of the transmitting end of E1/T1 links 1623 Used to set the protection grounding of the transmitting end of E1/T1 links 2431

75 ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON

120 OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF

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BoardGDPUC
DPUa

The GDPUC is the circuit service processing unit in the BSC6000. The
RUN ALM ACT

GDPUC board can be inserted in slot 0 to slot 3, slot 8 to slot 13 of the GTCS subrack. The board performs the voice and data service processing functions. It works in resource pool mode. The GDPUC has the following functions: Encoding and decoding speech services Performing data service rate adaptation Performing Tandem Free Operation (TFO) Performing voice enhancement function Automatically detecting voice faults

PARC

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Summary

Summary

This chapter describes the following contents: Structure of the BSC6000 rack Subrack Structures and functions of boards

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Chapter 1 System Description


Chapter 2 Hardware Structure Chapter 3 System Principle Chapter 4 Typical Configuration

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Chapter 3 System Principle Module Function System Signal Flow Software Loading

Alarm Channel

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System Logical Structure


The BSC6000 system consists of the following logical functional subsystems:

TDM Switching Subsystem


GE Switching Subsystem Service Processing Subsystem
Connection between subracks

Service Control Subsystem Interface and Signaling Processing Subsystem Clock Subsystem
TDM switching subsystem

Service processing subsystem

Service control subsystem

Interface and signaling processing subsystem

E1/STM-1 to BTS E1/STM-1 to PCU E1/STM-1 to MSC

Clock subsystem
Connection between subracks HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

GE switching subsystem

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TDM Switching Subsystem


The Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) switching subsystem provides circuit switched domain

(CS) switching for the system.


The TDM switching subsystem has the following functions: Providing TDM bearers for the A, Abis, Ater, and Pb interfaces Performing TDM switching and providing circuit switched domain (CS) switching for the system

Providing TDM bearers for the system service processing

Logical Unit TDM access bearer unit TDM switching unit TDM processing bearer unit

Physical entity GEIUB/GOIUB, GEIUP/GOIUP, GEIUT/GOIUT, GEIUA/GOIUA GTNU GDPUC

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TDM Switching Unit


The GTNU board operates in active and standby modes. When other boards perform active-standby switchover, the GTNU board detects the speech channels on the LVDS links. When the GTNUs perform active-standby switchover, other boards detect the speech channels on the LVDS links. Intra-Subrack TDM Switching: Other boards in the subrack connect the active/standby boards through the Low Voltage Differential Signal (LVDS) high-speed serial ports GTNU (active) GTNU (standby)

Slot 0

Slot 2

Slot 27

Connection between a board and the active GTNU through a backplane TDM path Connection between a board and the standby GTNU through a backplane TDM path

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Inter-Subrack Interconnections of GTNU Crossover Cables


The right figure shows the

0
GTNU GTNU

3
GTNU GTNU

interconnections of GTNU crossover


cables when four service subracks are configured. interconnections of GTNU crossover cables among GMPS&GEPS.

interconnections of GTNU crossover


cables among GTCS
Pin14

1
GTNU GTNU

2
GTNU GTNU

Pin1 A X2 W2 W4 X4 B X3 B Pin14 X1 W1 W3 A

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GE Switching Subsystem
The Gigabit Ethernet (GE) switching subsystem performs GE switching of signaling and O&M interface. The hardware of the subsystem consists of the following entities: Backplane GSCU board GE interface units of the boards in the subsystem The GSCU performs operation and maintenance of its subrack and provides GE switching for the other boards in the same subrack.

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GE Switching Unit
Intra-subrack active/standby GSCU boards: HiG interconnection; 30G bandwidth Intra-subrack GE switching: The GSCU board provides 48G GE switching capability. The slot 14, slot 15, slot 26, and slot 27 are distributed 1G respectively. The slot 6 and slot 7 are not distributed. Other slots are distributed 2G respectively. GSCU1
GSCU Active GSCU Standby

12
Port on the panel GSCU0

48 48
GE switching module Inter-subrack 60G

Port on the backplane

12

GE

GE

Slot 1

Slot 2

Slot 26 GSCUs to slots: 48G The GSCU provides 12 ports for inter-subrack interconnection: 12 x 1G Total: 48G+12x1G=60G
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Connection between a board and the active GSCU through a backplane GE path Connection between a board and the standby GSCU through a backplane GE path HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential

GE Switching Interconnection
GSCU (main subrack)
GE 0

GSCU (extension subrack)


1
GE 0 GE 1

GE TRUNK1
GE 1

GE TRUNK2

GE 2 GE 3

GE 0 GE 1

GSCU0

GSCU1

Extension subrack

GE 4

GE TRUNK3
GE 5

GE 0 GE 1

Four intersubrack 1G network cables

GSCU0

GSCU1

main subrack

GE TRUNK4

GE 6 GE 7

GE 8

GSCU0

GSCU1

GE 9

GBAM
HiG interconnection 30G bandwidth

Extension subrack

GE TRUNK5

GE 10

GE TRUNK6
CPU FE

GE 11

FE

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Structure of Inter-Subrack Interconnection


A interface

GTCS
Main GTCS
Ater interface Pb interface

GTCS GTCS

TC
Abis interface

GEPS GMPS

GEPS GEPS
BM

The subracks in the BSC6000V100R001 compose an interconnection switching network through cascades.
GSCU star interconnection GTNU full interconnection
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Service Control Subsystem


The service control subsystem has the following functions:

Paging control, system information management, channel assignment, voice call control, PS
service control, handover, and power control The hardware entities: The GXPUM board The GXPUC board The GBAM server The GSCU board in the GTCS subrack The GXPUM board performs the main service processing of the BSC6000, which includes four CPU processing units. The four CPU processing units have the following functions: CPU0: paging control, system information management, channel assignment, and BTS common service management CPU13: voice call control, PS service control, handover, and power control The GXPUC board performs the cell broadcast function; the GBAM server performs BTS O&M management; the GSCU board in the GTCS subrack performs the TC resource pool management

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Service Processing Subsystem


The hardware entity of the service processing subsystem is the GDPUC board. It performs the

following functions:
Transcoding Rate adaptation

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Interface and Signaling Processing Subsystem


The interface and signaling subsystem provides interfaces of BSC, BTS, and NSS, which performs

signaling processing function of data link layer.


Providing A/Abis/Pb/Ater interfaces Supporting cell broadcast message service processing Supporting the MTP2 protocol of SS7 Supporting the LAPD protocol
A

BTS

Abis

GMPS/ GEPS

Ater

GTCS BSC

MSC

The trunk cable is categorized into the following types: 75 coaxial cable 75 Y-shaped coaxial cable 120 twisted pair cable 120Y-shaped twisted pair cable

Pb

Cb

PCU

CBC

Port: DB44 connector

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Clock Subsystem
The hardware entity of the clock subsystem is the GSM General ClocK Unit (GGCU). The clock sources of the BSC6000 are as follows:
Building Integrated Timing Supply System (BITS) There are two types of BITS clock: 2 MHz clock and 2 Mbit/s clock. The 2 Mbit/s clock source has higher anti-interference capabilities than the 2 MHz clock source. Line clock The line clock extracted from the A interface is processed and generates 2 MHz clock and 8 kHz clock. The 2 MHz clock signals output from the A interface panel and then are sent to the GGCU board in the GMPS subrack. Note: The R01 does not support this clock. Local free-run clock

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Clock Subsystem
GGCU Reference Clock Input To input the active-standby clock of the GGCU, you can use the signals provided by the BITS and the 2.048MHz clock signal extracted from the upper-level clock by the interface panel in the service subrack. The GGCU backplane uses the interface panel of the same subrack to extract the 8 KHz clock signals from the upper-level clocks. Reference Clock for the GMPS or GEPS The reference clocks are provided by the GGCU. The reference clocks generate 8kHz clock signals through the GGCU. GMPS: The clock signals are sent to the GSCU in the GMPS subrack through the backplane. Then, the clock signals are sent to other boards in the same subrack. GEPS: The clock signals are sent to the GSCU board in the GEPS subrack through the clock cable. Then, the signals are sent to other boards through the backplane. Reference Clock for the GTCS Each GTCS extracts line clock from the A interface. The link clock is processed through A interface panel and then generates 8 KHz clock signals. The clock signals are sent to the GSCU in the subrack through the backplane. Then the clock signals are sent to other boards in the same subrack.
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System Clock Scheme


Time synchronization primary reference Active/standby GGCU In the subrack 0 Transmission synchronization reference source

Backplane transmission

Distribution cable transmission

GSCU
Backplane transmission

GSCU
Backplane transmission

GSCU
Backplane transmission

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Service board GMPS

Service board

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Service board

Service board

Service board

Service board

GEPS
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GEPS

Clock synchronization Interconnection


The connection of the GGCU of the main subrack and the GSCU of the extension subrack is shown as following figure: The active GGCU and the standby GGCU output 10-way signal channel respectively. A signal channel of an active GGCU and that of a standby GGCU are integrated through the Y-shaped cable. GGCU support six service subracks, one is the GMPS, others five are the GEPSs where the 10 cables from GSCUs to GGCU can be connected at most. Any of component including GGCU, Y-shaped cable, and GSCU is faulty, the system clock still can work normally.
X2

GMPS
GGCU GGCU Y-shaped cable

GSCU

GSCU
1 W2 W3 W1
8 1

GEPS
GSCU GSCU
2 1 X1

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X3

GEPS

Chapter 3 System Principle Module Function System Signal Stream Software Loading

Alarm Path

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Signal Flow of Basic Voice Service


Voice service

BTS

G E I U B

G T N U

G E I U T

G E I U T

G T N U

G D P U C

G E I U A

MSC

Abis interface

GMPS/GEPS

Ater interface

A interface GTCS
Front board Rear board E1/T1 cable TDM switching on the backplane

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PS Service Signal Flow


PS service:

BTS

G E I U B

G T N U

G E I U P

PCU

SGSN

Abis interface

GMPS/GEPS
Pb interface Gb interface
E1/T1 cable Backplane TDM switching
Page 56

Front board Rear board

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Service Signal Flow


Abis interface
16K 16K 16K 64K 16K Pb interface

GEIUB

64K 64K 64K

GTNU

64K

GEIUT

Ater interface GEIUT 16K

64K

GTNU

64K

GEIUA

64K

A interface

GEIUP
64K

64K

GDPUC
BM subrack TC subrack

A interface GEIUB Abis interface GTNU


64K

GEIUT

16K

GEIUT

64K

GTNU

64K

GEIUA

64K

64K 64K

BM subrack
Voice service, non-crossover subrack switch Voice service, crossover subrack switch

GDPUC (TC) TC subrack


PS service, non-crossover subrack switch PS service, crossover subrack switch

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SS7 on the A Interface


The signals are processed through the MTP2, and then sent to the GXPUM in the mode of internal signaling flow

G X P U M

G S C U

G E I U T
Ater interface

G E I U T

G T N U

G E I U A

MSC

GMPS/GEPS

GTCS

A interface

Front board Rear board

E1/T1 cable TDM switching on the backplane GE switching on the backplane

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Signal Flow of Cross-Subrack Call


Description of control plane cross-subrack call: When access subrack bears a heavy load, other subracks can share signaling.
Abis
G E I U B G X P U M GSCU
GEIUT Ater GEIUT

GTNU

GEIUA

BM

TC

Abis

G E I U B

G X P U M

GSCU

GEIUT

GEIUT

GTNU

GEIUA

BM

TC

cross-subrack signaling flow


Normal signaling Flow HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 59

Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface

G X P U M

G S C U

G E I U B

The signals are processed through the LAPD, and then sent to the GXPUM in the mode of internal signaling flow

BTS

GMPS/GEPS

Abis interface

Front board Rear board

E1/T1 cable GE switching on the backplane

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Signaling Signal Flow on the Ater Interface


Internal Signaling Signal
The signals are processed through the MTP2, and then sent to the GXPUM in the mode of the internal signaling flow

G X P U M

G S C U

G E I U T
Ater interface

G E I U T

G S C U

GMPS/GEPS

GTCS

The signals are processed through the MTP2, and then sent to the GSCU in the mode of internal signaling flow Front board Rear board E1/T1 cable GE switching on the backplane

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Signaling Signal Flow on the Pb Interface


Pb signaling signal

G X P U M

G S C U

G E I U P
Pb interface

The signals are processed through the LAPD, and then sent to the GXPUM in the mode of internal signaling flow

PCU

GMPS/GEPS

Front board Rear board

E1/T1 cable GE switching on the backplane

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O&M Flow
HDLC link
Service board Service board

G B A M

G S C U

Service board

G E I U T

G E I U T

G S C U

LAN Switch

GMPS

Ater

GTCSremote

L M

M2000

E1/T1 cable Ethernet cable GE switch on backplane

G S C U GEPS

G S C U

GTCSlocal
Page 63

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Chapter 3 System Principle Module Function System Signal Flow Software Loading

Alarm Path

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Software Loading
The loading process is the process that a board obtains program files and data files after the service subrack or the board starts or restarts.

The BSC6000 software loading control system has two layers:


The GBAM is the first-level center of the entire BSC software loading management. The loading and power-on of the GBAM are independent of other boards. The GBAM processes the loading control requests of the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU in the GMPS is the second-level center of the loading control system. The GSCU processes the loading control requests of the service boards in the GMPS, GEPS, and GTCS.

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Software Loading Path (GTCS at Local)


GMPS
G B A M G S C U
GTCS

G S C U

GMPS GEPS
Main GTCS

Service board

Service board

extension GTCS

GE on the backplane Inter-subrack Cable

G S C U
GEPS

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Service board

Service board

G S C U
GTCS

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Software Loading Path (Remote GTCS)


GMPS

G B A M

G S C U

E I U T
Service board

GTCS

E I U T

G S C U

Service board

GMPS GEPS
Main Remote GTCS

extension GTCS

GE on the backplane

G S C U
GEPS

G S C U
GTCS
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Inter-subrack Cable HDLC

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Service board

Service board
Page 67

Loading Software to the GSCU Board


The process of the software loading for the GSCU in GMPS is as follows:

1.

After the GSCU starts up, it broadcasts the BOOTP request.


If the GBAM is online, it processes and responds to the request. If the GBAM is not started or is offline, the GSCU starts up and loads data from its own flash memory, acts as a second-level loading control center, and then processes the BOOTP requests of the other boards.

2.

After receiving the response from the GBAM, the GSCU determines whether to obtain the
latest application files from the GBAM based on the loading control characters and the software version in the flash memory.

3.

If the GSCU needs to obtain the program files from the GBAM, it obtains the program software from the software area in the GBAM and writes it into the flash. It then loads the software from the flash.

4.

After the program files are loaded, the GSCU starts to load the data files. The loading process of the data files is the same as that of the program files.

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Loading Software to the Other Boards in GMPS/GEPS


After the software of the GSCU is loaded, the loading of the software for the other boards in the subrack starts. 1. 2. 3. After a board is started, it broadcasts the BOOTP request. The request contains the physical address of this board and the software version information stored in the flash. After the GSCU receives the BOOTP request, it transparently transmits this request to the GSCU in the GMPS if the subrack is not the GMPS. The GSCU in the GMPS calculates the IP address of the board based on the physical address of the board, and then obtains the loading control character from the configuration data of the board.
If the loading control character is Load from Flash, then the GSCU in the GMPS responds to the BOOTP request. The response carries the IP address and the loading control character, notifying the board to obtain the program files from the flash and load them. If the loading control character is Auto, then the GSCU in the GMPS determines whether the software version in the flash of this board is consistent with that in the software area of the GBAM, and then responds to the BOOTP request. The response carries the IP address and the loading control character. If the loading control character is Load from Server, then the GSCU directly downloads the

application files from the version section on the GBAM.

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Loading Software to the Other Boards


4. 5. 6. After the program files run, the board sends a LOAD request to the GSCU in the GMPS to

query the files except the program files.


The GSCU in the GMPS returns a file list to the board. Based on the file list, the board responds to the GSCU with the file version information in the flash. The GSCU compares the version information and responds to the board with the information (carrying the GBAM address) about the files to be updated.

7.

The board downloads the files from the software area in the GBAM and loads them.

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Loading Software to the Boards in a Remote GTCS


The GSCU in the main GTCS is a second-level loading control center. The loading of the remote GTCSs can be independent on the Ater O&M link to some extent. When the Ater O&M link is broken, the GSCU in the main GTCS processes the loading requests from the boards in the subrack. When the Ater O&M link is normal, the GSCU in the GMPS processes all the loading requests from the remote GTCSs and the GSCU in the GTCS stops working as a loading control center.

The software loading for a remote GTCS consists of: Loading Software to the GSCU Loading Software to the other boards The process of loading software to the remote service boards is similar to that of loading software to the local service boards. The differences are as follows: The files downloaded from the GBAM are first saved in the remote loading control center before being downloaded to the other boards. The remote service boards download files through Ater O&M links, which work in active/standby mode. The bandwidth of each Ater O&M link is 164 kbit/s to 3064 kbit/s.

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Chapter 3 System Principle Module Function System Signal Flow Software Loading

Alarm Path

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Connection of Alarm Box


Connection scheme: The alarm box accesses LMT client through serial ports When an alarm is reported, the LMT uses the convert program to drive the alarm box to generate visual and audio indications. The user performs alarm box management, such as terminating alarm sounds and disabling alarm indicators.

Alarm management module GBAM

Convert

LMT

Alarm box

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Report of Alarm from Local Subrack


The report process of alarm from local subrack:

The service board generates alarm


The alarm is shielded and filtered on the service board, and then is reported to the GBAM through GE switching. The GBAM reports the alarm to LMT/EMS and records alarm log.

GMPS Service board GSCU GBAM LMT Convert

Alarm box

GEPS Service board GSCU

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Report of Alarm from Remote Subrack


The report process of alarm from remote subrack is shown as follows:

The service board of remote subrack generates alarm.


The alarm is shielded and filtered on the service board. The alarm is transferred to the local GEIUT through the GE switching, and then sent to the GEIUT of main subrack through the SS7 of the Ater interface. The local GEIUT reports the alarm to the GBAM through GE switching.

The GBAM reports the alarm to LMT/EMS and records alarm log.

GTCS
Service board

GMPS GEIUT GEIUT GSCU GBAM LMT Convert

Alarm box

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Report of Alarm from BTS


Report process of alarm from BTS

The BTS generates alarm that is shielded and filtered in the BTS.
The alarm is sent to the local EIUB through the OML. After processed through the LAPD protocol on the EIUB, the alarm is sent to the GBAM through GE switching. The GBAM reports the alarm to LMT/EMS and records alarm log.

GMPS BTS GEIUB GSCU GBAM

LMT Convert

Alarm box

GEPS BTS GEIUB GSCU

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Summary

Summary

This chapter describes operating process of the BSC6000, including module function, software loading, system signal flow, and alarm path.

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Chapter 1 System Description


Chapter 2 Hardware Structure Chapter 3 System Principle Chapter 4 Typical Configuration

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Configuration Principles
The GEIU/GOIU provide E1 port or STM-1 port. To ensure the orderliness of rack, insert the GEIU /GOIU boards at the rear of slots. The Abis interface supports four mulitiplexing modes, including 4: 1, 3: 1, 2: 1, and 1: 1. Each GEIUB board at most supports 256 Lapd links The proportion between the number of the Ater interface boards and that of A interface boards is 1: 4, so that the multiplexing capability of the Ater interface can be supported. Each GDPUC board can processes 968-way voice. The GDPUC board uses N+1 redundancy configuration. All the TC resources are shared through the resource pool.

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Configuration Principles
Except the GTNU and the GSCU, other boards can be inserted at random.

But, in the configuration operation provided by the LMT, each board should be inserted in the
specified slots: Two GSCUs should be inserted in the slot 6 and slot 7 of the GMPS/GEPS/GTCS. They work in active/standby mode. Two GTNUs should be inserted in the slot 4 and slot 5 of the GMPS/GEPS/GTCS. They

work in active/standby mode.


Two GGCUs should be inserted in the slot 12 and slot 13 of the GMPS. They work in active/standby mode. The GXPUMs can be inserted in slot 0 and slo1 of the GMPS/GEPS according to requirements. The GXPUCs can be inserted in slot 8 and slot 9 of the GMPS/GEPS according to requirements. The GDPUCs can be inserted in slot 0 to slot 3 and slot 8 to slot 13 of the GTCS according to requirements.

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Configuration Principles
Two GEIU boards must be configured into active board and standby board.

The GEIUBs/GOIUBs can be inserted in slot 18 to slot 27 of the GMPS/GEPS according to


requirements. The GEIUPs/GOIUPs can be inserted in slot 14 and slot 15 of the GMPS/GEPS according to requirements. The GEIUTs/GOIUTs can be inserted in slot 16 and slot 17 of the GMPS/GEPS and slot 14 to

slot 17 of the GTCS according to requirements.


The GEIUAs/GOIUAs can be inserted in slot 18 to slot 27 of the GTCS according to requirements.

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Typical Configuration
Capacity of this configuration:

The BSC supports 512TRX full


rate/256TRX half rate ; The EIUB is configured according to the number of BTS and the number of carrier.

Based on the service capacity,


the GDPUC is configured through the N+1 redundancy. The EUIP is configured optionally according to actual services. The GXPUC is configured optionally according to actual services.

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Typical Configuration
Capacity of full configuration: When a BSC6000 is fully configured, it supports 2048TRX full rate/1024TRX half rate.

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Summary

Summary

This chapter describes the configuration principles of the BSC6000 and lists some typical configurations in the actual deployment.

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Dec 31 2006

Internal Use (Only)

Thank You
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GSM BSS Training Team

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